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Accession Number
2004-5-98
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2004-5-98
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
5 photographs : b&w (2 negatives) ; 18 x 13 cm or smaller
Date
[ca. 1955]-1992
Scope and Content
Acession consists of a photograph of Dora Wilensky, her mother Mrs. Wilensky, and J.B. Salsberg; two group photographs of an unidentified organization, both of which include J.B. Salsberg; and a Toronto Star Centennial Magazine entitled "The Hundred Heroes and Villains , Memories and Legends, A celebration". It includes an entry about J.B. Salsberg "Communist at Queen's Park".
Administrative History
Joseph Baruch Salsberg (1902-1998) was a labour leader, political activist, politician, insurance salesman, and journalist. He was also active in various Jewish organizations, including: the Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC), the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto, and the New Fraternal Jewish Association. He is well-remembered by contemporaries, such as Sam Lipshitz, as a “champion of the people”, committed to social justice, the plight of the working class, and the preservation of Jewish culture.
J. B. was born in Lagov, Poland on November 5, 1902 to Abraham and Sarah-Gittel Salsberg. Abraham immigrated to Toronto in 1910 and J. B. followed with his mother and two younger sisters in 1913. They settled at 73 Cecil Street. Abraham and Sarah-Gittel had additional children in Canada: Nathan (b. 1915), Reuven (Bob or Robert, b. 1917), Betty, and Thelma. Abraham worked as a peddler in Toronto.
J. B. briefly attended Landsdowne Public School, but dropped out around 1915, against his parents' wishes, and took a job in a leather goods factory to contribute to his family’s income. J. B.’s parents had hoped he would become a rabbi and, despite his full-time employment, J.B. continued to study the Torah with scholars at the synagogue on Centre Avenue.
In 1917, J. B. decided to pursue the ideas of Zionism and socialism and, abandoning his plans to become a rabbi, became involved in establishing the Young Poale Zion organization, a Labour Zionist youth group dedicated to secular aims. Around 1922, J. B. was made secretary general of the Young Poale Zion of America in New York, where he worked for one year. Shortly after returning to Toronto, he became the organizer for the Hat, Cap, and Millinery Workers Union of North America in Chicago. J. B. married Dora Wilensky in 1927.
In 1926, J. B. joined the Communist Party of Canada (CPC). He was an active member of the CPC for 30 years, serving as the head of its Trade Union Department for two decades. In 1929 he was suspended from the party for one year as a dissenter. In 1932, he became the Southern Ontario District union organizer for the Communist Workers' Unity League.
It was as a member of the CPC that J. B. entered electoral politics. After a series of failed bids in municipal and provincial elections between 1935 and 1937, J. B. was elected alderman of Ward 4 in Toronto in 1938. He only held the position for one year. In 1943, J. B. was elected to the Ontario Legislature as the representative for the St. Andrew riding. J. B. sat as Member of Provincial Parliament for the Labor-Progressive Party (the provincial wing of the CPC) for 12 years. For several years, he was the only elected Communist in North America. As MPP, he helped create legislation banning discrimination in public places and introduced a bill that would ensure fair employment practices in the province. He lost his seat to Allan Grossman in 1955 and unsuccessfully ran in the federal election later that year. Remembered by journalist Gordon Sinclair as “one of the best debaters in the house”, J. B. was well-respected by members of all political parties. Out of admiration for J. B., Conservative Premier Leslie Frost named Salsberg Township in Northern Ontario in his honour.
Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, J. B. had grown increasingly concerned about reports of Soviet antisemitism and privately urged party leaders to pursue the issue. In 1956, when Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev exposed the transgressions of Stalin’s regime, J. B. went to Moscow as part of a CPC delegation. After meeting with Khrushchev himself, it became clear to J. B. that antisemitism was indeed a problem in the USSR and that his efforts to probe the situation were being stonewalled.
J. B. publicly expressed his concerns about Soviet antisemitism in a series of articles published in the Vochenblatt from October 25, 1956 to December 13, 1956. He finally left the Communist Party in 1957. However, he remained a member of the United Jewish People’s Order (UJPO), a Communist Jewish fraternal organization.
Entering the business world, J. B. established the Model Insurance Agency Limited in 1957, where he served as president for several years. In 1959 J. B.’s wife, Dora, passed away. Around this time J. B. also resigned from the UJPO, along with other members who felt the organization needed to be more critical of the Soviet Union. They founded an alternative, non-Communist left-wing Jewish organization, the New Fraternal Jewish Association, where J. B. served as president for several terms and edited its publication “Fraternally Yours”.
In his later life, J. B. was active as an executive member of organizations, such as the CJC and the Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care. He was the first chairman for the CJC Ontario Region’s Soviet Jewry Committee and the Committee for Yiddish. He also began writing an award-winning weekly column for the Canadian Jewish News. J. B. was awarded the CJC’s Samuel Bronfman Medal for distinguished service, and the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto’s Ben Sadowski Award of Merit. A strong supporter of Israel, he was involved in the creation of two Israeli medical centres that are named in his honour. He also helped establish the J. B. and Dora Salsberg Fund and the J. B. Salsberg Fund for Yiddish at the Jewish Foundation of Greater Toronto. J. B. passed away in 1998.
Name Access
Salsberg, J. B. (Joseph B.), ca. 1903-1998
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Political Career series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 92; Series 3; File 16
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Political Career series
Level
File
Fonds
92
Series
3
File
16
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1945]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 14 x 10 cm
Scope and Content
File consists of a photograph of J.B. Salsberg delivering a speech.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Political Career series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 92; Series 3; File 23
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Political Career series
Level
File
Fonds
92
Series
3
File
23
Material Format
textual record
Date
1955
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of political flyers and brochures created and distributed by J.B. Salsberg as Member of Provincial Parliament for the St. Andrew riding.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Name
Kalmen Kaplansky
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
September 20, 1985
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Kalmen Kaplansky
Number
AC 109
Subject
Antisemitism
Human rights
Immigrants--Canada
Labor
Labor unions
Refugees--Canada
Interview Date
September 20, 1985
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Phyllis Platnick
Total Running Time
109A: 60 minutes 109B: 6 minutes
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Kalmen was born January 5, 1912 in Poland. He worked in Montreal as a typesetter and linotype operator. He was active in the labour and human rights movements in Canada. Kalmen served as the director of the Jewish Labour Committee in 1945. In collaboration with the Canadian Jewish Congress, the Canadian government and trade unions the Jewish Labour Committee helped Jewish displaced persons immigrate to Canada by securing them employment. Kalman sat on the Refugee Status Advisory Committee for the federal government.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Kaplansky, Kalmen
Platnick, Phyllis
Jewish Labour Committee
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Digital file
Transcript
AC109 Side 1: 00:20 Kalmen was involved with discrimination work from 1946-1957. 1:40 Kalmen served as the director of the Jewish Labour Committee. 3:28 Kalmen comments on the reaction of the Canadian Jewish community to relocating displaced Jews after the war. Received support from the Canadian Jewish Congress and the Jewish Immigration Aid Society. 4:26 Kalmen lists some of the obstacles to bringing displaced Jews to Canada. Kalmen cites the trade unions as the first obstacle. He provides reasons to explain the trade unions’ historical opposition to immigration. 8:04 Other opponents were the Communist Party and Textile Workers who raised concerns about potential “slave labour” conditions. Kalman describes how the Jewish Labour Committee was able to persuade opponents to accept new immigrants to Canada. Jewish Labour Committee suggested (a) immigration should be based on economics, not race, religion or ethnicity and (b) tripartite proposal involving consultation and cooperation among trade unions, management and government. 10:25 Kalmen lists leaders of various trade unions in Montreal (Bernard Shane of Garment Workers, Maurice Silcoff of Hat & Cap Makers) Toronto (Max Federman of the Furrier Union) and Winnipeg (Sam Herbst of the Ladies Garment Workers Union). Hyman Reiff. 11:50 Discusses some of the problems with the selection process in the camps. Bella Meiksin worked in the camps. 13:50 Notes that bringing in new immigrants saved the garment industry because there was a shortage of skilled labourers. 14:40 Describes some of the challenges and complaints of new immigrants. 16:24 Kalmen discusses how he helped new immigrants arrange to bring over relatives and describes some of their desperate measures. 18:30 Kalmen sat on the Refugee Status Advisory Committee which advised minister on refugee claims. 19:49 Kalmen explains that the goal was to get people out of the camps and the arrangement with the trades served as a vehicle to get them out. He discusses areas of contention such as preferred destinations, work commitment, involvement with JIAS, etc. 24:10 Discusses who was responsible for transportation costs for the new immigrants. 25:10 Explains how names of displaced persons in the camps were obtained. 26:47 Discusses the preponderance of bribery and corruption after the war. Kalmen relates some anecdotes involving corruption and perjury. He notes that while the Canadian government was very strict on the issue of perjury, the U.S. government was softer. 31:25 Notes that jealousy, denunciation was common among new immigrants. 34:38 Reports that the Jewish Agency was not favourably disposed to the project. The project was supported by the Canadian Jewish Congress and JIAS. 39:39 Cabinet Committee on Immigration Policy – Chaired by C.D. Howe (acting Minister of Mines). Others involved were McKinnon, Gibson, St. Laurent, Mitchell & Fournier. McNamara was Deputy Minister of Labour. Mentions Sam (sp?) Hirsch as an activist in N.Y. & sent to Winnipeg to organize the dressmakers. 53:28 Working in the trades provided entry into Canada and entry into a job but many did not stay continue with the work. 55:50 Selection committee members – (?)Silcoff, Federman,(?) Shane, Solomon, Enkin. 56:50 The project brought in more than 2,500 Jewish workers (plus their families). Order: ladies garments, men’s garments, milliners, furriers. 58:22 Discusses some of the advisory committees of the time. Briefly mentions the governmental ministries, their responsibilities and names of the people involved. AC109 Side 2 00:48 Kalmen suggests the determining issue in Canadian immigration policy was the French – English rivalry. 2:06 Mentions that Mackenzie King arranged for voluntary quotas for Japanese with India and China 3:10 Notes that Canada’s leadership / approach was white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant. Discusses that systemic discrimination and endemic prejudice was part of life.
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Kalmen Kaplansky discusses some of the obstacles to the relocation of displaced Jews to Canada after the Second World War. He describes a tripartite proposal involving consultation and cooperation among trade unions, management and government that enabled the immigration project.

In this clip, Kalmen Kaplansky explains that bribery, corruption and perjury were a way of life after the Second World War. He relates anecdotes as illustration.

Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Jewish community involvement series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 92; Series 4; File 23
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Jewish community involvement series
Level
File
Fonds
92
Series
4
File
23
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1938]-1976
Physical Description
3 photographs : b&w ; 26 x 21 cm or smaller
Scope and Content
File consists of photographs of J.B. Salsberg delivering a speech and children practicing for a bowlathon likely for the Eitz Chaim Talmud Torah. Also included is a photograph of Salsberg participating in a presentation to young adults with images of Stalin, factories and workers in the background.
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
2004-1-4
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2004-1-4
Material Format
sound recording
Physical Description
7 audio cassettes (ca. 7 hrs.)
Date
1990-1991
Scope and Content
Collection consists of a talk by Salsberg to the "Brotherhood" (1 Apr. 1990), 2 interviews with Salsberg by Carol Rosenthall (13 Mar. 1990 and 16 Apr. 1991), and interviews with Rabbi Shemen (July 1991) and S. Lipshitz (1991?) about Salsberg by an unknown interviewer.
Name Access
Salsberg, J. B. (Joseph B.), ca. 1903-1998
Source
Archival Accessions
Level
Item
ID
Item 2473
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
2473
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1918
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Item is a copy print of the members composite of the Borochov Branc 124 of the Jewish National Workers' Alliance.
Notes
From the Seymour and Abi Shatz Collection.
Name Access
Borochov
Farband
Jewish National Workers' Alliance
Subjects
Labor movement
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1980-12-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
2018-8-19
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2018-8-19
Material Format
multiple media
Physical Description
30 cm of textual records and other material
4 audio cassettes
2 videocassettes
1 optical disc
Date
1991-2008
Scope and Content
Accession consists of material documenting J. B. Salsberg. Included are: tributes to him on his ninetieth birthday, his death in 1998, and the ten-year anniversary of his death in 2008. These include descriptions of his accomplishments and recorded interviews, including transcripts, with a number of his colleagues and friends. Included also are five microcassettes of interviews held in June 1991 with Norman Penner, Harry Simon (two tapes), Morris Biderman, Bob Nixon, and Ethel Harris.
Administrative History
Joseph Baruch Salsberg (1902-1998) was a labour leader, political activist, politician, insurance salesman, and journalist. He was also active in various Jewish organizations, including: the Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC), the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto, and the New Fraternal Jewish Association. He is well-remembered by contemporaries, such as Sam Lipshitz, as a “champion of the people”, committed to social justice, the plight of the working class, and the preservation of Jewish culture.
J. B. was born in Lagov, Poland on November 5, 1902 to Abraham and Sarah-Gittel Salsberg. Abraham immigrated to Toronto in 1910 and J. B. followed with his mother and two younger sisters in 1913. They settled at 73 Cecil Street. Abraham and Sarah-Gittel had additional children in Canada: Nathan (b. 1915), Reuven (Bob or Robert, b. 1917), Betty, and Thelma. Abraham worked as a peddler in Toronto.
J. B. briefly attended Landsdowne Public School, but dropped out around 1915, against his parents' wishes, and took a job in a leather goods factory to contribute to his family’s income. J. B.’s parents had hoped he would become a rabbi and, despite his full-time employment, J.B. continued to study the Torah with scholars at the synagogue on Centre Avenue.
In 1917, J. B. decided to pursue the ideas of Zionism and socialism and, abandoning his plans to become a rabbi, became involved in establishing the Young Poale Zion organization, a Labour Zionist youth group dedicated to secular aims. Around 1922, J. B. was made secretary general of the Young Poale Zion of America in New York, where he worked for one year. Shortly after returning to Toronto, he became the organizer for the Hat, Cap, and Millinery Workers Union of North America in Chicago. J. B. married Dora Wilensky in 1927.
In 1926, J. B. joined the Communist Party of Canada (CPC). He was an active member of the CPC for 30 years, serving as the head of its Trade Union Department for two decades. In 1929 he was suspended from the party for one year as a dissenter. In 1932, he became the Southern Ontario District union organizer for the Communist Workers' Unity League.
It was as a member of the CPC that J. B. entered electoral politics. After a series of failed bids in municipal and provincial elections between 1935 and 1937, J. B. was elected alderman of Ward 4 in Toronto in 1938. He only held the position for one year. In 1943, J. B. was elected to the Ontario Legislature as the representative for the St. Andrew riding. J. B. sat as Member of Provincial Parliament for the Labor-Progressive Party (the provincial wing of the CPC) for 12 years. For several years, he was the only elected Communist in North America. As MPP, he helped create legislation banning discrimination in public places and introduced a bill that would ensure fair employment practices in the province. He lost his seat to Allan Grossman in 1955 and unsuccessfully ran in the federal election later that year. Remembered by journalist Gordon Sinclair as “one of the best debaters in the house”, J. B. was well-respected by members of all political parties. Out of admiration for J. B., Conservative Premier Leslie Frost named Salsberg Township in Northern Ontario in his honour.
Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, J. B. had grown increasingly concerned about reports of Soviet antisemitism and privately urged party leaders to pursue the issue. In 1956, when Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev exposed the transgressions of Stalin’s regime, J. B. went to Moscow as part of a CPC delegation. After meeting with Khrushchev himself, it became clear to J. B. that antisemitism was indeed a problem in the USSR and that his efforts to probe the situation were being stonewalled.
J. B. publicly expressed his concerns about Soviet antisemitism in a series of articles published in the Vochenblatt from October 25, 1956 to December 13, 1956. He finally left the Communist Party in 1957. However, he remained a member of the United Jewish People’s Order (UJPO), a Communist Jewish fraternal organization.
Entering the business world, J. B. established the Model Insurance Agency Limited in 1957, where he served as president for several years. In 1959 J. B.’s wife, Dora, passed away. Around this time J. B. also resigned from the UJPO, along with other members who felt the organization needed to be more critical of the Soviet Union. They founded an alternative, non-Communist left-wing Jewish organization, the New Fraternal Jewish Association, where J. B. served as president for several terms and edited its publication “Fraternally Yours”.
In his later life, J. B. was active as an executive member of organizations, such as the CJC and the Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care. He was the first chairman for the CJC Ontario Region’s Soviet Jewry Committee and the Committee for Yiddish. He also began writing an award-winning weekly column for the Canadian Jewish News. J. B. was awarded the CJC’s Samuel Bronfman Medal for distinguished service, and the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto’s Ben Sadowski Award of Merit. A strong supporter of Israel, he was involved in the creation of two Israeli medical centres that are named in his honour. He also helped establish the J. B. and Dora Salsberg Fund and the J. B. Salsberg Fund for Yiddish at the Jewish Foundation of Greater Toronto. J. B. passed away in 1998.
Subjects
Labor leaders
Politicians
Name Access
Salsberg, J. B. (Joseph B.), ca. 1903-1998
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Personal series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 92; Series 1; File 15
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Personal series
Level
File
Fonds
92
Series
1
File
15
Material Format
graphic material
Date
June 1970
Physical Description
3 photographs (1 negative) : 13 x 9 cm or smaller
Scope and Content
File consists of a photograph of Salsberg standing with David Ben-Gurion in Sde Boker, Israel. They are in front of Ben-Gurion's retirement home.
Repro Restriction
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Political Career series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 92; Series 3; File 7
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Political Career series
Level
File
Fonds
92
Series
3
File
7
Material Format
textual record
Date
1940-1950
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of pamphlets written by J.B. Salsberg and published by Labour Progressive Party. Included are pamphlets Salsberg wrote as Member of Provincial Parliament.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Ben Kayfetz fonds
Published and unpublished works and research series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 62; Series 8; File 2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Ben Kayfetz fonds
Published and unpublished works and research series
Level
File
Fonds
62
Series
8
File
2
Material Format
textual record
Date
1985-1998
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File contains several articles written in Yiddish and English, regarding the life of J.B. Salsberg written by Ben Kayfetz. Also included are interview transcripts, and other related research materials.
Name Access
Salsberg, J. B. (Joseph B.), ca. 1903-1998
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Level
Fonds
ID
Fonds 92
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Level
Fonds
Fonds
92
Material Format
multiple media
Date
1914-1993
Physical Description
1.2 m of textual records (2 v.) and other material
Admin History/Bio
Joseph Baruch Salsberg (1902-1998) was a labour leader, political activist, politician, insurance salesman, and journalist. He was also active in various Jewish organizations, including the Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC), the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto, and the New Fraternal Jewish Association. He is well-remembered by contemporaries, such as Sam Lipshitz, as a “champion of the people," committed to social justice, the plight of the working class, and the preservation of Jewish culture.
J. B. was born in Lagov, Poland on November 5, 1902 to Abraham and Sarah-Gittel Salsberg. Abraham immigrated to Toronto in 1910 and J. B. followed with his mother and two younger sisters in 1913. They settled at 73 Cecil Street. Abraham and Sarah-Gittel had additional children in Canada: Nathan (b. 1915), Reuven (Bob or Robert, b. 1917), Betty, and Thelma. Abraham worked as a peddler in Toronto.
J. B. briefly attended Landsdowne Public School, but dropped out around 1915, against his parents' wishes, and took a job in a leather goods factory to contribute to his family’s income. J. B.’s parents had hoped he would become a rabbi and, despite his full-time employment, J.B. continued to study Torah with scholars at the synagogue on Centre Avenue.
In 1917, J. B. decided to pursue the ideas of Zionism and socialism and, abandoning his plans to become a rabbi, became involved in establishing the Young Poale Zion organization, a Labour Zionist youth group dedicated to secular aims. Around 1922, J. B. was made secretary general of the Young Poale Zion of America in New York, where he worked for one year. Shortly after returning to Toronto, he became the organizer for the Hat, Cap, and Millinery Workers Union of North America in Chicago. J. B. married Dora Wilensky in 1927.
In 1926, J. B. joined the Communist Party of Canada (CPC). He was an active member of the CPC for 30 years, serving as the head of its Trade Union Department for two decades. In 1929 he was suspended from the party for one year as a dissenter. In 1932, he became the Southern Ontario District union organizer for the Communist Workers' Unity League.
It was as a member of the CPC that J. B. entered electoral politics. After a series of failed bids in municipal and provincial elections between 1935 and 1937, J. B. was elected alderman of Ward 4 in Toronto in 1938. He only held the position for one year. In 1943, J. B. was elected to the Ontario Legislature as the representative for the St. Andrew riding. J. B. sat as member of provincial parliament for the Labor-Progressive Party (the provincial wing of the CPC) for 12 years. For several years, he was the only elected Communist in North America. As MPP, he helped create legislation banning discrimination in public places and introduced a bill that would ensure fair employment practices in the province. He lost his seat to Allan Grossman in 1955 and unsuccessfully ran in the federal election later that year. Remembered by journalist Gordon Sinclair as “one of the best debaters in the house," J. B. was well-respected by members of all political parties. Out of admiration for J. B., Conservative Premier Leslie Frost named Salsberg Township in Northern Ontario in his honour.
Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, J. B. had grown increasingly concerned about reports of Soviet antisemitism and privately urged party leaders to pursue the issue. In 1956, when Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev exposed the transgressions of Stalin’s regime, J. B. went to Moscow as part of a CPC delegation. After meeting with Khrushchev himself, it became clear to J. B. that antisemitism was indeed a problem in the USSR and that his efforts to probe the situation were being stonewalled.
J. B. publicly expressed his concerns about Soviet antisemitism in a series of articles published in the Vochenblatt from October 25, 1956 to December 13, 1956. He finally left the Communist Party in 1957. However, he remained a member of the United Jewish People’s Order (UJPO), a Communist Jewish fraternal organization.
Entering the business world, J. B. established the Model Insurance Agency Limited in 1957, where he served as president for several years. In 1959 J. B.’s wife, Dora, passed away. Around this time J. B. also resigned from the UJPO, along with other members who felt the organization needed to be more critical of the Soviet Union. They founded an alternative, non-Communist, left-wing Jewish organization, the New Fraternal Jewish Association, where J. B. served as president for several terms and edited its publication, Fraternally Yours.
In his later life, J. B. was active as an executive member of organizations, such as the CJC and the Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care. He was the first chairman for the CJC Ontario Region’s Soviet Jewry Committee and the Committee for Yiddish. He also began writing an award-winning weekly column for the Canadian Jewish News. J. B. was awarded the CJC’s Samuel Bronfman Medal for distinguished service, and the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto’s Ben Sadowski Award of Merit. A strong supporter of Israel, he was involved in the creation of two Israeli medical centres that are named in his honour. He also helped establish the J. B. and Dora Salsberg Fund and the J. B. Salsberg Fund for Yiddish at the Jewish Foundation of Greater Toronto. J. B. passed away in 1998.
Custodial History
The records were donated to the OJA in a series of accessions. Material from accessions 1991-5-4 and 1992-9-4 were donated by J. B. Salsberg. The remaining material was donated by his estate after his death.
Scope and Content
Fonds consists of records documenting J. B. Salsberg's personal, professional and Jewish communal activities. The bulk of the records are textual and relate to his membership in the CPC (later LPP), election campaigns, and Jewish communal work. Included is correspondence; photographs; reports; political writings; certificates; agendas; pamphlets; brochures; booklets; flyers; campaign literature; campaign notes; posters; newspaper clippings; press releases; articles; transcripts; speeches; telegrams; political platforms, briefs and submissions; statements; constitutions; resolutions; newspapers; meeting minutes; bulletins; periodicals; notebooks; notes; course guides and outlines; medallions; pins; plaques; donation receipts; event invitations and programmes; lists; blank employment applications; a school test; a study; a coin; a drawing; a sketch; an audio cassette; and a delegate card.
Records are arranged into the following five series: 1. Personal ; 2. Labour Zionism and union activities ; 3. Political career ; and, 4. Jewish community involvement. There are also four files and one item attached directly to the fonds.
Notes
Physical Description Note: Includes 53 photographs, 7 medallions, 11 pins, 4 posters, 2 plaques, 1 sketch, 1 drawing, 1 audio cassette, 1 desk name plate, and 1 coin.
Physical Extent Note: Fonds was reduced from approximately 7 metres to 1.5 metres. The culled material consisted primarily of published books, periodicals and pamphlets that had been collected by J. B. Salsberg. For further details about what was culled please view the accession records.
Associated Material Note: Queen's University Archive also has a J. B. Salsberg fonds, 14 hours of interview tapes with J. B. Salsberg and records of the UJPO are held by the Multicultural Historical Society of Ontario (MHSO).
Name Access
Salsberg, J. B. (Joseph B.), ca. 1903-1998
Subjects
Labor leaders
Politicians
Related Material
For additional records in OJA's holdings, see: Ben Kayfetz fonds 62, series 8, file 2 ; accession 2008-11-2 ; accession 2004-1-4 ; and oral histories AC 71 and AC 226.
Creator
Salsberg, Joseph Baruch, 1902-1998
Accession Number
1991-5-4
1992-9-4
1998-2-2
1998-12-5
2004-5-28
2010-4-1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 2474
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
2474
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1916
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Notes
From the Seymour and Abi Shatz Collection.
Name Access
Shatz, Benjamin
Jewish National Workers Alliance
Subjects
Labor
Labor unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1980-12-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1440
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1440
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1931
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a group of women dressmakers picketing on Spadina Avenue in Toronto. They are holding a sign that reads: Dressmakers General Strike, Dresmakers Union, ILGWU.
Notes
Acquired June 22, 1975.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Labor unions
Strikes and lockouts
Women
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Spadina Avenue (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
1977-7-1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Dorothy Dworkin fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 10; Item 30
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Dorothy Dworkin fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
10
Item
30
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1957]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Admin History/Bio
David Lewis was a lawyer and one of the leaders of the early CCF party. During the early years of the party, he was one of the most influential policy-makers in the CCF and travelled across the country and parts of the United States on speaking tours between and during election campaigns. During the 1950s, he moved to Toronto and joined a prominent law firm. He acted in an advisory capacity on the Trades and Labour Congress and the Canadian Congress of Labour when they formed the Canadian Labour Congress. He later helped form the New Democratic Party during the early 1960s. In 1962, he was elected to the House of Commons as a member for York South. He became NDP leader in 1971, after the retirement of T.C. Douglas. He lost his seat a few years later and began lecturing at Carleton University. He passed away in May 1981.
Scope and Content
Photograph of David Lewis speaking at a meeting given by the Cloakmaker's Union, possibly in New York. From left to right are: Dora Dworkin, Abe Kirzner, David Lewis, and others.
Notes
Photographer unknown.
Name Access
Cloakmaker's Union
Kirzner, Abe
Subjects
Labor unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
New York (N.Y.).
Accession Number
2005-4-5
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1620
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1620
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1937
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
This is a composite photo of the members of the bakery and confectionery workers, union local 181.
Name Access
Bakery, Confectionery, and Tobacco Workers International Union. Local 181 (Toronto, Ont.)
Subjects
Labor unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-1-1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1625
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1625
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Identified in this photograph in the first row, from left to right: Dave Biderman; Louis Hoffman; Abe Goldman; Max Speisman (probably Chairman); [unknown]; Mr. Jubas; Izzy Weiner.
Second row, left to right: [unknown]; Nathan Horowitz; I. Fine.
Notes
Credit: Estate of Max Speisman.
Name Access
Labor League (Toronto, Ont.)
Biderman, Dave
Hoffman, Louis
Goldman, Abe
Speisman, Max
Jubas, Mr.
Weiner, Izzy
Horowitz, Nathan
Fine, I.
Toronto Cloakmakers Union
Subjects
Labor unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1978-4-3
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1626
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1626
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Identification list available in accession record.
Notes
Credit: the Estate of Max Speisman.
Name Access
Labor League (Toronto, Ont.)
Speisman, Max
Subjects
Labor unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1978-4-3
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Anti-Semitism Cases sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 17; Series 5-3; File 68
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Anti-Semitism Cases sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-3
File
68
Material Format
textual record
Date
1952
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of documents related to allegations of antisemitism by union officials. These allegations were used to influence a vote by union members.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Labor unions
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Labour Zionism and union activities series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 92; Series 2; File 4
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Labour Zionism and union activities series
Level
File
Fonds
92
Series
2
File
4
Material Format
textual record
object
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1920]-1927
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records (1 v.)
1 pin : ribbon with hanging medallion, red and gold ; 13 cm
7 photographs : b&w (3 negatives) ; 13 x 18 cm or smaller
Scope and Content
File consists of records documenting J.B. Salsberg's involvement in the United Cloth Hat, Cap and Millinery Workers' International Union and its affiliated local unions in Toronto. Included is a 25th anniversary book of the Cloth Hat, Cap, and Millinery Workers by I.M. Budish and published in New York (1925), a delegate pin for the 16th Bi-Convention of the Cloth, Hat, Cap and Millinery Workers International Union (1927), photographs of committees of the Canadian Headgear Workers Central Bureau, a copy photograph of the Executive Board of the Millinery and Ladies Straw Hat Workers Union Local 46, and a copy photograph of the Toronto Executive Board Local 41.
Notes
Artifact number 152
Some of the photographs in this file appear in the 25th anniversary book.
Subjects
Labor unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Physical Condition
Book is in fragile condition and binding is starting to come loose.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Toronto Cloakmakers Union fonds
Level
Fonds
ID
Fonds 8
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Toronto Cloakmakers Union fonds
Level
Fonds
Fonds
8
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
[190-?]-1961
Physical Description
7 cm of textual records
5 photographs : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm or smaller
Admin History/Bio
The Toronto Cloakmakers Union was established in 1909 as an organized effort to assist and protect workers in the women's garment industry. Two years later they became affiliated with the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) in Toronto and became Local 14. Today they are the oldest local still in existence and are now called Unite Here Canada.
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of textual and graphic material documenting the activities and membership of the Toronto Cloakmakers Union and International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Included are ILGWU membership dues and strike cards issued to Sara Clodman; letters and cards announcing ILGWU meetings, celebrations, and other matters; an invitation to a dinner honouring A. Magerman's 25 years in the Cloakmaker's Union; copies of the Golden Jubilee Souvenir Journal and the 40th Jubilee Celebration book; a photocopy of the Constitution of the ILGWU; Toronto Cloakmakers Union Local 14 Minute Book in Yiddish; and five black and white photographs of union members, events, and committees.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Toronto Cloakmakers Union
Subjects
Labor unions
Creator
Toronto Cloakmakers Union, 1909-
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1987-12-6
1979-10-1
1998-3-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
1979-10-1
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1979-10-1
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
ca. 7 cm of textual records
Date
1937–1955
Scope and Content
Accession consists of material documenting the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Included are undated strike cards, a card announcing the twenty-fifth annual celebration of the Cloakmakers' Union dated 14 February 1936–16 February 1936, letters, general manager of the joint board announcing summons before grievance committee, official membership dues cards issued to S. Clodman, a souvenir journa, and other documents.
MG_RG
MG2 E1a
Subjects
Labor unions
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
Fur Workers' Union fonds
Level
Fonds
ID
Fonds 12
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Fur Workers' Union fonds
Level
Fonds
Fonds
12
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[between 1935 and 1949]
Physical Description
3 photographs : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Admin History/Bio
The International Fur Workers' Union was founded by eight local unions in 1913 and held members in both the United States of America and Canada
Scope and Content
Fonds consists of photographs created and/or accumulated by the Fur Workers' Union.
Name Access
Fur Workers' Union
Subjects
Labor unions
Creator
Fur Worker's Union, 1913-
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Simon fonds
Level
File
ID
Fonds 23; File 1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Simon fonds
Level
File
Fonds
23
File
1
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
1934-[198-]
Physical Description
3 cm of textual records
3 photographs : b&w ; 20 x 48 cm and 21 x 26 cm
Admin History/Bio
There was a major dispute within the International Fur Workers' Union in 1938, which is documented in the records of Harry Simon. It was due to the division between the Communist and anti-Communist elements of the union and resulted in the formation of a new fur workers' union affiliated with the American Federation of Labor (AFL).
Scope and Content
File consists of textual and graphic records related to Harry Simon's work as an organizer and representative of the International Fur Workers' Union and an officer of the break-away Fur Workers' Union (AFL.). This includes correspondence, rally posters and flyers, anniversary books, a bulletin, and photographs. Of particular interest are the records detailing a heated dispute between the International Fur Workers' Union, its Toronto Joint Board leadership and many of its members. An oversized newsprint poster referring to Max Federman's dispute is included.
Subjects
Labor unions
Physical Condition
One photograph requires conservation work.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
2008-11-2
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2008-11-2
Material Format
moving images
Physical Description
1 DVD : 20 min.
8 videocassettes : 3/4"
1 videocassette (ca. 20 min.) : col., sd.
Date
1991
Scope and Content
This accession consists of one DVD, copied from an original videocassette entitled J.B.! The DVD features an interview with J.B. Salsberg as well as other individuals sharing their memories of Salsberg. The DVD was produced by Gabov Apor and Company Ltd. and was executive produced by Salsberg's niece, Dr. Sharyn A. Salsberg Ezrin. It was created for a dinner honouring J. B. Salsberg, which took place on November 13, 1991.
Also included are the 8 original broadcast U-matic videocassettes containing the raw footage and interviews as well as the finished product.
Custodial History
The DVD was in the possession of Ethel Cooper, Chair of the Yiddish Committee and was donated to the Archives on behalf of Dr. Salsberg Ezrin. The videocassettes were given to the Archives by the donor on 28 November, 2008 and was added on to this original accession.
The videocassette version of the DVD footage was previously donated to OJA by Dr. Salsberg Ezrin and has been added to this accession.
Name Access
Salsberg, J. B. (Joseph B.), ca. 1903-1998
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Political Career series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 92; Series 3; File 39
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Political Career series
Level
File
Fonds
92
Series
3
File
39
Material Format
textual record
Date
1956-1957
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of records documenting J.B. Salsberg's resignation from the Labour Progressive Party. Included is correspondence, notes, position statements by both Salsberg and the LPP, newspaper clippings, and minutes of a meeting of the Metropolitan Committee of the LPP.
Name Access
Labor-Progressive Party
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Anti-Semitism Cases sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 17; Series 5-3; File 260
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Anti-Semitism Cases sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-3
File
260
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1966
Physical Description
15 photographs : b&w ; 9 x 13 cm
Scope and Content
File consists of photographs of members of the Western Guard white supremacist group at a mass demonstration in Toronto.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Western Guard Party
Subjects
Demonstrations
White supremacy movements
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
1988-4-8
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1988-4-8
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 scrapbook
Date
1930-1955
Scope and Content
Accession consists of a scrapbook created by Morris Lofsky. The scrapbook contains newspaper clippings of Zionist and labour materials. Of particular note is a stop-work broadside featuring information about the march and demonstration at Queen's Park from 1933 in protest of the pogroms of German Jews leading up to the Second World War. There are also several strike notices from the furrier, dressmakers, and other unions.
Administrative History
Morris Lofsky lived with his family in the downtown Kengsington market area of Toronto. He worked as a fur worker and was an active member of the Jewish community.
Use Conditions
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Subjects
Demonstrations
Labor
Zionism
Places
Queen's Park (Toronto, Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Chronological correspondence and memoranda series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 48; Series 6; File 13
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Chronological correspondence and memoranda series
Level
File
Fonds
48
Series
6
File
13
Material Format
textual record
Date
1985
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Chronological correspondence and memoranda series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 48; Series 6; File 14
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Chronological correspondence and memoranda series
Level
File
Fonds
48
Series
6
File
14
Material Format
textual record
Date
1985
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Chronological correspondence and memoranda series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 48; Series 6; File 15
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Chronological correspondence and memoranda series
Level
File
Fonds
48
Series
6
File
15
Material Format
textual record
Date
1985
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Director of school finances series
Chronological correspondence and memoranda sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 48; Series 3-1; File 33
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Director of school finances series
Chronological correspondence and memoranda sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
48
Series
3-1
File
33
Material Format
textual record
Date
1985
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Director of school finances series
Chronological correspondence and memoranda sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 48; Series 3-1; File 34
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Director of school finances series
Chronological correspondence and memoranda sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
48
Series
3-1
File
34
Material Format
textual record
Date
1985
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Director of school finances series
Chronological correspondence and memoranda sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 48; Series 3-1; File 35
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Director of school finances series
Chronological correspondence and memoranda sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
48
Series
3-1
File
35
Material Format
textual record
Date
1985
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Director of school finances series
Chronological correspondence and memoranda sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 48; Series 3-1; File 36
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Director of school finances series
Chronological correspondence and memoranda sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
48
Series
3-1
File
36
Material Format
textual record
Date
1985
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Source
Archival Descriptions
Name
Bess Maltinsky Shockett
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
November 18, 2004
December 7, 2004
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Bess Maltinsky Shockett
Number
AC 288
Subject
Committees
Labor
Labor unions
Interview Date
November 18, 2004
December 7, 2004
Quantity
4
Interviewer
Jillian Gould
Total Running Time
AC 288A: 31 minutes
AC 288B: 31 minutes
Conservation
Copies made for Bess' son Michael on four 90 minute tapes
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Bess was born in the Ukraine in 1920. She immigrated to Montreal in 1925 with her parents and two brothers. She married Barry Shockett in 1952 and had three children. As an adolescent, Bess became very active in the Jewish community and joined the United Jewish People's Order. She helped organize a union for workers in the knitting industry and later did the same for fur workers. She also travelled to Winnipeg to organize a laundry workers union. She helped found the New Fraternal Jewish Association in 1960 and was actively involved in the organization. She became very active in the Toronto Jewish community, particularly in regards to supporting and launching several innovative Yiddish programs. She staffed the office of the CJC's Committee for Yiddish in its early years, and was Director from 1974 to 1989.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
United Jewish People's Order
New Fraternal Jewish Association
Committee for Yiddish
Geographic Access
Montreal
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

Bess became President of the Youth Division of the United Jewish People’s Order in Montreal in 1946. In this clip, Bess shares some of her memories and experiences as a representative to the First International Conference of Youth held in Prague in 1947.

In this clip, Bess discusses the events that led up to the formation of a new left-leaning organization, the New Fraternal Jewish Association, which broke away from the United Jewish People’s Order in 1960.

Name
Dora Till
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
May 4, 1983
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Dora Till
Number
AC 151
Subject
Immigrants--Canada
Families
Labor
Labor unions
Women
Occupations
Interview Date
May 4, 1983
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Stephen Speisman
Total Running Time
46 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Dora Till (nee Tobias) was born in New York City in 1896. She came to Toronto in 1900. She married Morris Till in 1918. They had one daughter, Cecile. As a youth, Dora was involved with Herzl Girls and the Boot and Shoe Society. Dora was active in community service and contributed greatly to social service work. She was co-founder and first President for Mothers' and Babes' Summer Rest Home, Vice-President of the Hebrew Maternity Aid Society, a board member for the Jewish Family and Child Services, an executive for the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies, Honourary Vice-President of United Jewish Welfare Fund, on the board of Canadian Jewish Congress and past President of the Naomi Chapter of Hadassah-WIZO.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Herzl Girls Boot and Shoe Society, 1920
Mothers and Babes Summer Rest Home
Baycrest Hospital
United Jewish Welfare Fund
Beth Tzedec Synagogue
Timothy Eaton Company
Till, Dora
Geographic Access
Toronto
Bronte
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Dora Till discusses some of the services provided by Hebrew Maternity Aid.

Dora Till was co-founder and first President for Mothers and Babes Summer Rest Home. In this clip, Dora describes the efforts to solicit and fundraise on behalf of the Mothers and Babes Summer Rest Home.

Level
Item
ID
Item 263
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
263
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates to the ninth convention of the Jewish National Workers' Alliance, held in Philadelphia..
Notes
Photograph is not the original print.
OJA has the negative for this photograph.
Name Access
Jewish National Workers' Alliance
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor movement
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Fonds
ID
Fonds 32
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Fonds
Fonds
32
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1930]-1975
Physical Description
50 cm of textual records
48 photographs : b&w ; 25 x 103 cm or smaller
Admin History/Bio
Harry Wolf Clairmont (1907-1977) was a Toronto labour activist, involved for many years in the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU). Clairmont was born in Chmielnik, in the province of Kielce, Poland, and moved to Canada in December, 1923. He began working in the garment industry as an operator's helper at the J. and G. Cloak Shop in Toronto, and soon became involved in the labour movement and the ILGWU. Claimont held many positions with the ILGWU, including recording secretary of the Operators' Local 14 and business agent of Sportswear Local 199. He was also an active member of the Jewish Workers' National Alliance, the Young Communist League and the Canadian Trotskyist movement. He was married and had two children. He passed away in 1977.
Scope and Content
The fonds documents Harry Clairmont's involvement in the Canadian labour movement, as well as his interest in socialism and communism. Included are publications of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, the Arbeiter Club, the Communist League of America, and the Revolutionary Workers' Party, and records relating to Clairmont's involvement in these organizations and union locals. These records include correspondence, membership cards, pamphlets, clippings, newsletters, anniversary books, bulletins, journals, speeches, financial reports, minute books, and photographs. The small notebook, which only has a few filled page, consists of minutes from the meetings of the Unzer Kamf Worker's Club. The larger notebook, which is completely full, consists of minutes from the meetings of "Local 14." The first page of the latter (starting from the Yiddish side) is a list of the executive in English.
Name Access
Clairmont, Harry, 1907-1977
Subjects
Communism
Labor movement
Socialism
Physical Condition
Most records are in good condition.
Several photographs have been rolled and cannot be flattened.
One photograph is partially attached to glass and will need to be separated by a conservator.
Related Material
See also MG2 E1a
Creator
Clairmont, Harry, 1907-
Accession Number
1979-11-18
1984-1-6
2004-6-3
1998-3-7 [old accession #]
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 6070
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
6070
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1931
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a composite photograph of the I.L. Peretz Branch 26 of the Jewish National Workers Alliance, Toronto.
Notes
Original photo by Schlachter.
Name Access
I.L. Peretz
Jewish National Workers Alliance
Subjects
Labor unions
Photomontage
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1993-9-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Morris Norman collection
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 22; Item 79
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Morris Norman collection
Level
Item
Fonds
22
Item
79
Material Format
object
Date
1949
Physical Description
1 item
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Anniversaries
Labor unions
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
1981-9-3
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1981-9-3
Material Format
object
Physical Description
1 pin
Date
[ca. 1928]
Scope and Content
Accession consists of a member's pin with a ribbon and pendant celebrating the 25th jubilee of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU), Cloakmakers Union Toronto.
Subjects
Anniversaries
Labor unions
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2007-9-4
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2007-9-4
Material Format
graphic material
textual record
object
Physical Description
10 photographs : b&w
10 cm of textual records
1 doll
2 pins
Date
1925-1985
Scope and Content
This accession consists of material relating to the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) and the Jewish community in Toronto. They include published material from the ILGWU, Yiddish songbooks and benchers, Yiddish booklets distributed by various Toronto Jewish organizations such as the Poalei Zion and the Farband, a pin from Baycrest given to Jennie Magerman on completing 14, 000 hours of volunteer service, a pin from the Kieltzer Sick Benefit Society given to Abe Magerman in 1913, and several photographs of Abe Magerman participating in union activities. There is also a Miss Union Made plastic doll dating from circa 1950, which is wearing pink dress and sash and is enclosed in a plastic cover.
Custodial History
This material was originally in the possession of Abe and Jennie Magerman. It was later in the possession of his son, Alfred, until being donated to the OJA by Alfred's wife Barbara in September 2007.
Administrative History
Abe Magerman was the assistant manager for the International Ladies Garment Workers' Union for many years. He was married to Jennie (nee Shefsky) Magerman and had two children, Esther and Alfred. Jennie (nee Shefsky) Magerman was the daughter of Myer and Toba Rayzel (nee Nusynovitch) Shefsky.
Descriptive Notes
Magerman, Abe
Farband Labour Zionist Alliance
International Ladies Garment Workers Union
Poalei Zion
Toronto Labour Lyceum Association Limited
Arbeiter Ring
Israel Histadrut
Baycrest
Kieltzer Sick Benefit Society
Subjects
Communities
Labor unions
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
6
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[1933?]
Physical Description
3 photographs : b&w ; 13 x 18 cm
Admin History/Bio
On July 11, 1933 over 15,000 people (mostly Jewish and working class) walked off the job to protest Nazism, fascism, and other human rights issues. Reported in the Globe and Mail as the largest protest of its kind in Canada since the 1919 Winnipeg general strike, a united front of all the needle trade unions and over fifty Jewish organizations took part.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of an International Left Opposition (ILO) demonstration depicting a large group of protestors walking carrying banners. This is likely the large anti-fascist protest, which took place in Toronto on July 11, 1933.
Notes
One copy is a close-up photograph.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Anti-fascist movements
Banners
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Related Material
See also accession #1988-4/8 for a broadside notice for this strike and demonstration. For additional images of this protest see Fonds 32, items 8, 9, 11, 13, and 15.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 8
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
8
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[1933?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Admin History/Bio
On July 11, 1933 over 15,000 people (mostly Jewish and working class) walked off the job to protest Nazism, fascism, and other human rights issues. Reported in the Globe and Mail as the largest protest of its kind in Canada since the 1919 Winnipeg general strike, a united front of all the needle trade unions and over fifty Jewish organizations took part.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a woman holding a banner at an International Left Opposition demonstration. There are others holding banners behind her and people sitting along the side watching the demonstration. This image was likely taken during the large anti-fascist demonstration, which took place in Toronto on July 11, 1933.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Anti-fascist movements
Banners
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Related Material
See also accession #1988-4/8 for a broadside notice for this strike and demonstration. For additional images of this protest see Fonds 32, items 6, 9, 11, 13, and 15.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 9
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
9
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[1933?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Admin History/Bio
On July 11, 1933 over 15,000 people (mostly Jewish and working class) walked off the job to protest Nazism, fascism, and other human rights issues. Reported in the Globe and Mail as the largest protest of its kind in Canada since the 1919 Winnipeg general strike, a united front of all the needle trade unions and over fifty Jewish organizations took part.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a group of male and female demonstrators holding banners at an International Left Opposition demonstration. This photo was likely taken during the large anti-fascist demonstration in Toronto on July 11, 1933.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Anti-fascist movements
Banners
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Related Material
See also accession #1988-4/8 for a broadside notice for this strike and demonstration. For additional images of this protest see Fonds 32, items 6, 8, 11, 13, and 15.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 11
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
11
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[1933?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Admin History/Bio
On July 11, 1933 over 15,000 people (mostly Jewish and working class) walked off the job to protest Nazism, fascism, and other human rights issues. Reported in the Globe and Mail as the largest protest of its kind in Canada since the 1919 Winnipeg general strike, a united front of all the needle trade unions and over fifty Jewish organizations took part.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a group of International Left Opposition demonstrators standing together with their banners. This photo was likely taken during the large anti-fascist demonstration, which took place in Toronto on July 11, 1933.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Anti-fascist movements
Banners
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Related Material
See also accession #1988-4/8 for a broadside notice for this strike and demonstration. For additional images of this protest see Fonds 32, items 6, 8, 9, 13, and 15.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 15
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
15
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[1933?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Admin History/Bio
On July 11, 1933 over 15,000 people (mostly Jewish and working class) walked off the job to protest Nazism, fascism, and other human rights issues. Reported in the Globe and Mail as the largest protest of its kind in Canada since the 1919 Winnipeg general strike, a united front of all the needle trade unions and over fifty Jewish organizations took part.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of participants holding various banners at an International Left Opposition demonstration in Toronto. This photo was likely taken during the large anti-fascist demonstration which took place in Toronto on July 11, 1933.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Anti-fascist movements
Banners
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Related Material
See also accession #1988-4/8 for a broadside notice for this strike and demonstration. For additional images of this protest see Fonds 32, items 6, 8, 9, 11, and 13.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Chronological correspondence and memoranda series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 48; Series 6; File 62
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Chronological correspondence and memoranda series
Level
File
Fonds
48
Series
6
File
62
Material Format
textual record
Date
Sept. 1991
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Chronological correspondence and memoranda series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 48; Series 6; File 90
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Chronological correspondence and memoranda series
Level
File
Fonds
48
Series
6
File
90
Material Format
textual record
Date
Sept. 1993
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Source
Archival Descriptions
50 records – page 1 of 1.

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