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35 records – page 1 of 1.
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Level
Series
ID
Fonds 17; Series 3
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Level
Series
Fonds
17
Series
3
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
1967-1992
Physical Description
4.5 m of textual records
1822 photographs : b&w ; 20 x 25 cm or smaller
Admin History/Bio
The earliest impetus for the creation of a Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC) committee to focus on the issue of Soviet Jews was in response to the infamous “Leningrad trials” of 31 dissident Soviet Jews in the winter of 1970. Concurrently, the Soviet government began to systematically persecute almost all Jews who applied for permission to emigrate. The issuing of exit visas was refused (the genesis of the term “Refusnik”), usually on exaggerated claims of national security, after which the applicants were often dismissed from their jobs, recalled to military service, or similarly persecuted by state authorities. Those who publicly protested such treatment were subsequently arrested, detained for long periods, or tried as examples to others and sent to Siberian labour camps.
When information about the plight of Soviet Jews reached Canada, Toronto’s Jews responded immediately and decisively. Synagogue congregations, student groups, women’s organizations, professional organizations and community groups all established independent committees to aid Soviet Jews directly and to pressure local, national and international governments to address Soviet antisemitism. Very quickly these committees began organizing mass rallies, letter writing campaigns, petitions, targeted protests and direct aid involving large numbers of people and considerable fundraising efforts. From 1971 to the late 1980s the cause of Soviet Jewry remained, along with support for The State of Israel, the most significant issue to the Jewish community.
The Action Committee for Soviet Jewry (ACSJ) was formed by the (then) Central Region of the CJC in early 1971 in order to coordinate the activities of, and provide stable funding and administrative support for, the various ad hoc committees and action groups that had sprung up across Toronto and the rest of Ontario. Organizations coordinated by the Action Committee included university student groups, the Group of 35, Women for Soviet Jewry (WSJ), B’nai B’rith, and the Canadian Zionist Federation (CZF). The ACSJ originally reported to the CJC’s Steering Committee for Soviet Jewry (SCSJ), but by the mid-1970s the reporting of the two committees was reversed, with the Steering Committee reporting to the Action Committee. By 1977, the Action Committee and the Steering Committee were merged into the newly-renamed CJC Ontario Region’s Committee for Soviet Jewry (occasionally referred to as the Toronto Committee).
The first Chairman of the SCSJ was the prominent Toronto politician and activist Joseph B. Salsberg. Later chairs, including Sam Filer, Phyllis Sugar, Reg Adelman, author Jeanette Goldman, Joyce Eklove, and Judge Ted Matlow were also involved with affiliated local groups whose activities were coordinated by the SCSJ. Sam Filer, its first permanent Secretary, became in 1976 its second Chairman. He also served as Chairman of the Toronto Action Committee for Soviet Jewry and was an original co-founder of Lawyers and Jurists for Soviet Jewry. Similarly, Phyllis Sugar was a Co-chair of the ACSJ with Reg Adelman in the early to mid-1970s, while simultaneously serving as the Chair of WSJ. Genya Intrator, the first Chair of WSJ in the early 1970s, later served as first Chair of the Canadian Committee for Soviet Jewry. Despite having its first meeting in Winnipeg, the Canadian Committee had most of its leadership and activities in Toronto. Toronto residents Sydney Harris (later Judge Harris), David Satok, Genya Intrator and David Sadowski all chaired this committee as it developed a national agenda through contacts with affiliated organizations across the country, while coordinating internationally with groups such as the Union of Councils for Soviet Jews based in New York.
Towards the end of the 1980s, many of the restrictions regarding exit visas for refusniks were removed and increasingly Russian Jews began to immigrate to Israel, the United States and Canada. A large percentage of the latter settled in Toronto. By 1991, in response to the changes in Russia and the former Soviet republics, the CJC’s local and national Soviet Jewry Committees were wound up and their leadership began to focus on new issues, such as the integration of Soviet Jewish immigrants into Canada and the continuing struggle to fight antisemitism in the successor states of the former Soviet Union. To this end, the CJC formed a Political Liaison Committee in the early 1990s. Internationally, however, many Russian Jewish advocacy groups continued to operate on the foundation of activism and community organization established during the decades of solidarity built around the Soviet Jewry cause.
Custodial History
The records in this series were accumulated and maintained in the offices of the CJC under the jurisdiction of Samuel Resnick, in his role as the Director of the Community Action for Israel Committee, and as the main CJC staff employee for overseeing the Action Committee for Soviet Jewry and Steering Committee for Soviet Jewry, which eventually coalesced as simply the Committee for Soviet Jewry circa 1977. By 1980, Resnick’s title was Director of the Committee for Soviet Jewry, Central Region, making him the primary full-time staffer of the CJC involved in the Soviet Jewry cause.
Scope and Content
Series consists of extensive planning, administrative and operational records including meeting minutes, correspondence, budgets and membership lists. Records pertaining to activities include numerous event and protest photographs, articles, petitions, posters and other press materials. Records related to the gathering of information regarding Soviet Jewry include transcripts of telegrams and telephone conversations, background fact sheets and many individual case files.
This series has been arranged into six sub-series. Sub-series 1 consists of Ontario Region committee meeting agendas and minutes. Sub-series 2 consists of the correspondence files documenting various activities of that committee. Sub-series 3 consists of the agendas, minutes and general correspondence of the National Committee for Soviet Jewry. Sub-series 4 consists of records documenting affiliated Jewish organizations that collaborated with the CJC in protesting the persecution of Soviet Jews. Sub-series 5 consists of records documenting the various protest activities such as lobbying, letter writing, public rallies, marches and demonstrations. Sub-series 6 , Rufusnik Cases, consists of 3 sub-sub-series, containing individual case files, large published lists, and reference publications about Soviet Jews who were refused permission to emigrate (refusniks).
Notes
Physical extent note: although over 28 m of Soviet Jewry records were originally transferred to the OJA, more than 23 m of those records have been culled due to their origin (non-Canadian sources), format (outside periodicals and publications), because they were merely externally-created reference materials, or because they were part of the very large volumes of duplicates that made up the majority of the box contents. Records documenting the activities of other CJC Committees have also been removed for future processing within more appropriately-titled series within Fonds 17.
Subjects
Committees
Jews--Soviet Union
Arrangement
Because the Soviet Jewry records donated by the Canadian Jewish Congress had not been maintained in a discernable original order, they had to be reorganized into their current arrangement by the processing archivist.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Protest activities sub-series
Level
Sub-series
ID
Fonds 17; Series 3-5
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Protest activities sub-series
Level
Sub-series
Fonds
17
Series
3-5
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
1967-1988
Physical Description
70 cm of textual records
1238 photographs : b&w ; 20 x 25 cm or smaller
Admin History/Bio
Activities undertaken by the Committee for Soviet Jewry in Ontario and its affiliated partner organizations included political lobbying, telephone and letter-writing campaigns, product boycotting, symposiums, public rallies, petitions, marches and demonstrations. Among the highest profile activities were the annual Simcha Torah rallies in October and the annual commemorations of the execution of twenty-four Soviet Jewish writers and intellectuals, which had occurred on August 12, 1952 at Moscow's Liubianka prison. As well as organizing public protest activities, the Committee for Soviet Jewry established, in the 1980s, the Ida Nudel Humanitarian Award which emphasized the humanitarian work of a number of prominent Canadian women. Other non-protest activities included bar/ bat mitzvah twinning, family and prisoner sponsorships, and holiday greetings, all programmes that tied the daily lives of Soviet Jews to their Canadian counterparts.
Scope and Content
Sub-series consists of records documenting the wide range of above-listed protest activities in which the CJC and various affiliated organizations participated. The files include numerous photographs of mass rallies and group demonstrations, planning notes, correspondence, event notices and other promotional materials.
Subjects
Demonstrations
Arrangement
Records of protest activities in this sub-series have been organized chronologically and by event. Indicated date ranges at the file level are of the documents themselves and are not necessarily indicative of the dates of specific events, such as rallies or marches, though such dates are noted in the file description where known.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
35
Material Format
textual record
Date
1961
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence and reports by Ben Kayfetz on a large number of topics.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
36
Material Format
textual record
Date
Jan. 1961-May 1961
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of general correspondence, primarily from Ben Kayfetz.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
37
Material Format
textual record
Date
Apr. 1962 -Aug. 1962
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of letters and Newspaper clippings regarding the "Kirschbaum Case"
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
38
Material Format
textual record
Date
1962
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of reports and letters
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
39
Material Format
textual record
Date
1962
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence about election campaign practices.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
40
Material Format
textual record
Date
Jan. 1964-Dec. 1964
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of reports and letters
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
41
Material Format
textual record
Date
1964
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of a report
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
42
Material Format
textual record
Date
1964
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of a report
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
43
Material Format
textual record
Date
1964
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of a report
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
44
Material Format
textual record
Date
1965
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of letters, reports, and articles on a wide range of topics.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
45
Material Format
textual record
Date
June 1965
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of an editorial in the Canadian Eagle (translation).
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Neo-Nazism
Riots
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
46
Material Format
textual record
Date
1965
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of letters and pamphlets
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
47
Material Format
textual record
Date
Dec. 1964-June 1965
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of letters, reports, and newspaper clippings
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
48
Material Format
textual record
Date
1965
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of letters and reports
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
49
Material Format
textual record
Date
1965
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of editorials and articles
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
50
Material Format
textual record
Date
1965
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of speeches by Sydney Harris, Rabbi Gunther Plaut, & Allen Grossman about continuing anti-semetism.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
51
Material Format
textual record
Date
1966
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of a brief to the Toronto City Council
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
52
Material Format
textual record
Date
1966
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of wide range of articles written by Ben Kayfetz.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
53
Material Format
textual record
Date
Jan. 1966-Dec. 1966
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of official and personal letters by and to Ben Kayfetz
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
54
Material Format
textual record
Date
1966
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of copies of speeches abut the history of the Jewish community in Canada and Toronto.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
55
Material Format
textual record
Date
1966
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of a very wide selection of articles by Ben Kayfetz on many different topics.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
56
Material Format
textual record
Date
1966-1967
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of press releases on a wide selection of topics by Ben Kayfetz
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
57
Material Format
textual record
Date
1967
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of articles on a wide range of subjects by Ben Kayfetz.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
58
Material Format
textual record
Date
1967
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of reports on various topics, including neo-nazism in Germany.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
59
Material Format
textual record
Date
1967
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of articles written by Ben Kayfetz on a very wide range of topics.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
60
Material Format
textual record
Date
1968
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of various reports, including reports from the 15th plenary convention.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
61
Material Format
textual record
Date
1968
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of speeches.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
62
Material Format
textual record
Date
1969
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of articles written by Ben Kayfetz. Included are book reviews, obituaries of prominent members of the Jewish community and notes on current events of interest to the Jewish community.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
63
Material Format
textual record
Date
1969
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence and articles written by Ben Kayfetz. Articles include notes on current events of interest to the Jewish community, documentation of JCRC's advocacy for various legislative reforms, and biographies and obituaries of prominent Jewish people. The correspondence is that of Ben Kayfetz and other JCRC members.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
64
Material Format
textual record
Date
Jan. 1969-Nov. 1969
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists primarily of correspondence regarding special talks delivered by Ben Kayfetz. Also included are articles written by Kayfetz.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
65
Material Format
textual record
Date
1969
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of speeches.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Publications, Speeches, Press Releases and Reports sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-2
File
66
Material Format
textual record
Date
1969-1970
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of articles written by Ben Kayfetz. Included are book reviews, notes on current events of interest to the Jewish community and obituaries.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Kayfetz, Benjamin, 1916-2002
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Protest activities sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 17; Series 3-5; File 1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Protest activities sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
3-5
File
1
Material Format
textual record
Date
Aug. 1967
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of an informative essay concerning the 15th anniversary of the 12 Aug. 1967 execution of Soviet Jewish writers. This essay was prepared by the American Jewish Conference on Soviet Jewry, an organization based in New York City.
Source
Archival Descriptions
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