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11 records – page 1 of 1.
Accession Number
2017-2-12
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2017-2-12
Material Format
multiple media
Physical Description
45 cm of textual records and other material
230 photographs : sepia and b&w ; 23 x 30 cm and smaller
8 sound recordings (50 wav files; 1 microcassette)
1 artifact
Date
1937-2004
Scope and Content
Accession consists of textual records, photographs and audio recordings documenting the lives of Dick Steele, his wife Esther and friend Bill Walsh. The materials are mostly correspondences between Dick and Esther during his internment at the Don Jail and Ontario Reformatory in Guelph, and from Dick and Bill's military service overseas during the Second World War. They also include correspondences between Esther and Bill, Bill and Anne Walsh, "Jack" and Esther, and other family and friends. Some of the letters show evidence of being censored. There are news clippings in English and Yiddish about the family from various newspapers including the Canadian Tribune (a Communist Party paper). There is a letter Esther wrote to campaign for Dick's release from internment, part of women's activism in this period. There is also a photocopy of a memoir written by Moses Kosowatsky and Moses Wolofsky "From the Land of Despair to the Land of Promise" ca. 1930s. The photographs include Dick and Bill in the army during the Second World War, a signed picture of Tim Buck addressed to Esther and the twins and a photo of Dick delivering a speech related to the Steel Workers. Also included is a recording of edited sound clips of Bill and Esther talking about Dick, Esther speaking about the letters, (how she received letters and flowers from Dick after he had already been killed), Bill reading a letter Dick wrote to Esther that he left with friends in England to send her in the case that he was killed (which he was), recordings of "Bill Walsh Oral history" Vols.1 and 2 compiled by Leib Wolofsky's (Bill's nephew), and 5 audio recordings by Adrianna Steele-Card with her grandparents Bill and Esther. There is also a microcassette labelled "Joe Levitt." The accession also includes the stripe of a German corporal that Bill captured as a prisoner, peace stamps and an early copy of Cy Gonick's A Very Red Life: The Story of Bill Walsh, edited by Bill.
Administrative History
Richard (Dick) Kennilworth Steele is the name adopted by Moses Kosowatsky. He was born in 1909 in Montreal to Samuel Kosowatsky and Fanny Held. He lived in a laneway off Clark Street below Sherbrooke where his father collected and recycled bottles. He grew up with his siblings Joseph, Mortimer, Matthew, Gertrude and Edward. Bill Walsh (Moishe Wolofsky) was born in 1910, to Sarah and Herschel Wolofsky, the Editor of the Keneder Adler (Montreal's prominent Yiddish newspaper). He attended Baron Byng and then Commercial High School where he met Dick Steele. Bill recalled that Dick denounced militarism in the school when a teacher tried to recruit students to be cadets. Bill moved to New York City in 1927. His brother, who was living there, helped him get a job as a messenger on Wall Street. He also worked in the drug department at Macy's while attending courses at Columbia University in the evening. Dick worked on a ship for a year and then joined Bill in New York City in 1928. Dick worked at a chemical plant called Linde Air Products while also studying in the evenings at Columbia University. In 1931 Dick and Bill boarded a ship together in New York bound for Copenhagen. Together they travelled across Europe, witnessed a Nazi demonstration in Breslau, Germany and found work in Minsk and Moscow, Russia. This trip inspired them to become Communists. In 1933 Bill's father was on a Canadian trade mission to Poland, which he left to "rescue" his son from the Bolsheviks. Bill agreed to return to Canada after being advised to do so by the Comintern. He then changed his name to Bill Walsh to protect his family. In 1934 Bill moved to Toronto. He worked as the Educational Director for the Industrial Union of Needle Trade Workers and the Communist Party where he met Esther Slominsky/Silver, the organization's office manager. Dick joined Bill in Toronto soon after. Bill introduced Dick and Esther who then married. In 1940, Esther gave birth to twin sons Michael and John Steele. Esther was born in Toronto in 1914 to Joseph Slominsky and Fanny (Blackersany?). Her siblings were Bella, Eileen, Morris and step-sister Eva. Her father Joseph was a cloak maker and Esther also worked in the garment industry. Her mother Fanny passed away in 1920 at the age of 26 from tuberculosis. Dick was a metal worker and became a union organizer in the east end of Toronto. He was the head organizer of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) and the Steel Workers Organizing Committee of Canada (SWOC) until 1940 when he was dismissed for being a Communist. Bill helped organize Kitchener's rubber workers into an industrial union and was also an organizer for the United Auto Workers of Windsor, Ontario. Jack Steele, an alias for Dick's brother Mortimer, fought with the Mackenzie-Papineau Brigade in the Spanish Civil War. Jack Steele was recalled to Canada in October 1937 to rally support for the efforts in Spain, returned to the front in June 1938 and was killed in action in August. Some of Dick's letters to his wife Esther are signed "Salud, Jack" and were likely written in 1940 when the Communist Party (CP) was banned by the Canadian Government under the War Measures Act. In November 1941, after Mackenzie King's call for enlistment, Dick wrote to the Department of Justice to ask permission to join the army. He never received a reply. On 1 April 1942 Dick's home was raided and he was interned at the Don Jail until September 1942 when he was moved to the Ontario Reformatory in Guelph. Esther wrote a letter to Louis St. Laurent, Minister of Justice to appeal on his behalf. Major public campaigning by communists and the wartime alliance with the USSR after 1941 shifted public opinion toward the CP and the Canadian Government slowly began releasing internees in January 1942. Dick was released in October 1942 and enlisted at the end of the month. Dick died on August 17, 1944 in Normandy, France. He was a tank driver in the Canadian Army. Bill was similarly arrested in 1941, spending time in jail and then an internment camp with other members of the CP. He joined the Canadian army in 1943 and fought in Holland and Belgium. Bill was first married to Anne Weir who died of a brain hemorrhage in 1943 just before he enlisted. The family believes this may have been due to drinking unpasteurized milk. Encouraged by Dick Steele to take care of his family should he pass in the war, Bill married Esther Steele in 1946. They had a daughter named Sheri and were members of the United Jewish People's Order. For 20 years Walsh worked for the Hamilton region of the United Electrical Workers (UE). Bill remained a member of the CP until 1967 when we was expelled for criticizing another union leader. He died in 2004. Esther passed away in 2010 at age 96.
Use Conditions
Partially closed. Researchers must receive permission from the OJA Director prior to accessing some of the records.
Descriptive Notes
RELATED MATERIAL NOTE: Library and Archives Canada has the William Walsh fonds and MG 28, ser. I 268, USWA, vol.4, SWOC Correspondence, has various letters from Dick Steele ca. 1938. Museum of Jewish Montreal has an oral history with Leila Mustachi (daughter of Max Wolofsky, Bill's brother) where she speaks about Bill, Dick and Esther. USE CONDITION NOTES: For "Bill Walsh Oral history" Vols.1 and 2, some contributors stipulate that recordings are restricted to personal use only and must not be used for any commercial purpose.
Subjects
World War, 1939-1945
Politics and government
Labour and unions
Name Access
Steele, Michael
Steele, Dick
Walsh, Bill
Walsh, Esther Steele
Places
Guelph, Ont.
Toronto, Ont.
Hamilton, Ont.
Oshawa, Ont.
Ottawa, Ont.
Montreal, Que.
Fort William/Thunder Bay, Ont.
Germany
England
Holland
Source
Archival Accessions
Level
Item
ID
Item 694
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
694
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1 Jan. 1924
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 28 x 49 cm on mat 40 x 59 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of refugees seated in a large room at Halifax, N.S. after arriving to Canada by ship.
Subjects
Refugees
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Halifax (N.S.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1541
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1541
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1927
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Subjects
Immigrants--Canada
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Halifax (N.S.)
Accession Number
1978-4-9
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 628
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
628
Material Format
graphic material
Date
6 Feb. 1948
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 21 x 26 cm and 10 x 12 cm
Admin History/Bio
The General Sturgis was originally a military ship (called a Liberty ship) that was being used to transport people from post-World War Two Europe to Canada. The ship accommodated the men on board in stacked cots in the hold, while the women and children slept separately in cabins. The boat had sailed from Braemanhaven, Germany, landing in Halifax on 6 Feb. 1948. On board were Jewish immigrants from Displaced Persons camps, most of whom were brought over as tailors with the aid of the CJC, and JIAS. Many of the individuals pictured eventually settled in Montreal.
Scope and Content
Item is a copy photograph and corresponding negative of the boat General Sturgis landing at Pier 1 in Halifax. Pictured far left in the front is David Mangarten and [his sister Eva], fourth from the right is Eli Goldberg (b. 1897, Rafalovka, Poland-d. 1983, Montreal). Pictured seventh from the right is Mr. Hister.
Subjects
Immigrants--Canada
Ships
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Halifax (N.S.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
The Shuls Project fonds
Eastern Canada synagogues series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 64; Series 4; File 4
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
The Shuls Project fonds
Eastern Canada synagogues series
Level
File
Fonds
64
Series
4
File
4
Material Format
graphic material
textual record
Date
1978
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
21 photographs : col. slides, (1) b&w print ; 35 mm and 12 x 9 cm
Subjects
Synagogues
Places
Halifax (N.S.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
The Shuls Project fonds
Eastern Canada synagogues series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 64; Series 4; File 3
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
The Shuls Project fonds
Eastern Canada synagogues series
Level
File
Fonds
64
Series
4
File
3
Material Format
graphic material
textual record
Date
1978
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
36 photographs : col. slides, b&w prints ; 35 mm and 12 x 9 cm
Subjects
Synagogues
Places
Halifax (N.S.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
The Shuls Project fonds
Reference series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 64; Series 5; File 13
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
The Shuls Project fonds
Reference series
Level
File
Fonds
64
Series
5
File
13
Material Format
textual record
Date
1978
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File contains a photocopied image, notes, bibliography, and report by The Atlantic Jewish Council from 1978.
Subjects
Synagogues
Places
Halifax (N.S.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
The Shuls Project fonds
Reference series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 64; Series 5; File 14
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
The Shuls Project fonds
Reference series
Level
File
Fonds
64
Series
5
File
14
Material Format
textual record
Date
1957-[ca. 1960]
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File contains Souvenir Dedication Programme from 1957 and an information brochure.
Subjects
Synagogues
Places
Halifax (N.S.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
The Shuls Project fonds
Reference series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 64; Series 5; File 15
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
The Shuls Project fonds
Reference series
Level
File
Fonds
64
Series
5
File
15
Material Format
textual record
Date
[ca. 1970]
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File contains one copied newspaper article, "Churches by the Sea."
Name Access
Shaar Shalom Congregation (Halifax, N.S.)
Subjects
Synagogues
Places
Halifax (N.S.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Moscoe fonds
Level
File
ID
Fonds 69; File 10
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Moscoe fonds
Level
File
Fonds
69
File
10
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
1943-1944
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
1 photograph : b&w ; 20 x 25 cm
Scope and Content
File consists of reports on various activities sponsored by the War Efforts Committee. Included is a July, 1943 photograph of a concert party for servicemen in Halifax.
Places
Halifax (N.S.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Moscoe fonds
Level
File
ID
Fonds 69; File 12
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Moscoe fonds
Level
File
Fonds
69
File
12
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
1943-1944
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
4 photographs : b&w ; 8 x 11 cm
Scope and Content
File consists of records documenting activities at the servicemen's centres in Halifax, Moncton, St. John and Montreal sponsored by the CJC, Easten Division War Efforts Committee. Aslo include are 4 photos of a B'Nai B'Rith sponsored "Free Swimming Bus" in Kirkland Lake.
Places
Halifax (N.S.)
Montréal (Québec)
St. John's (N.L.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
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