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9 records – page 1 of 1.
Accession Number
1994-9-3
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1994-9-3
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Date
1922
Scope and Content
Accession consists of a campaign postcard in Yiddish that reads: "Claude Pearce for Alderman- Ward 4". Ward 4 comprised Kensington Market and the Garment District and was known as "the Jewish Ward".
Administrative History
Claude Pearce ran for a positiion on the Toronto City Council in the Municipal Election of January 1, 1923. He came in third, losing to Ethel Small.
Subjects
Neighborhoods
Political campaigns
Name Access
Pearce, Claude
Places
Kensington Market (Toronto, Ont.)
St. John's Ward (Toronto, Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
Scenes from The Ward in the early 20th Century fonds
Level
Collection
ID
Fonds 43
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Scenes from The Ward in the early 20th Century fonds
Level
Collection
Fonds
43
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1910]
Physical Description
15 glass slides : b&w ; 8 x 8 cm
26 slides : b&w ; 3.5 x 3.5 cm
1 negative : b&w ; 13 x 10 cm
Admin History/Bio
St. John's Ward, popularly known as "the Ward", was an area in Toronto bounded by Queen Street to the south, Yonge Street to the east, College Street to the north, and University Avenue to the west. The Ward was considered to be one of the poorest and unhealthiest areas in the city.
By the turn of the 20th Century, the majority of the Ward's inhabitants were Eastern European Jewish immigrants, who took up residence in the small stuccoed frame cottages dating from the 1850s and 1860s. Initially, settlers chose the Ward because of the need for inexpensive accomodations close to the central business district where employment was available. However, later Jewish immigrants also settled in the Ward because previous settlers had reconstructed the amenities and the security of the shtetl.
By 1911, the Ward was a self-contained community of Jewish services and facilities, supporting education, religious, social and business institutions. But with the influx to the area came a higher demand for housing and as a result, rents increased, congestion became alarmingly high and living conditions deteriorated. Many cottages housed three or four families, plus a workshop, in fewer than five rooms with no plumbing or drainage.
By the onset of the First World War, civic and business development began encroaching on the residential area of the Ward and many Jewish residents began the move westward into the Kensington Market area. The war also brought with it greater opportunities for the small merchant and salvage trades and as the economic conditions of the immigrant improved, the confidence and expectations of the younger generation increased. By the end of the war, only a few Jewish residents remained in the Ward.
Custodial History
There is no information on the source or the acquisition of the images. The slides were probably used as part of a study and presentation on the conditions of the Ward and its immigrant inhabitants.
Scope and Content
This fonds consists of 15 images depicting Jewish life in the Ward and Jewish religious practices during Rosh Hashana. The 15 glass slides are the original images, while the 26 slides and 1 negative are copies that were probably made for presentation purposes.
There are several images of Jewish children of the Ward, including one of Jewish newsboys, as well as two images of Jewish businesses, one streetscape and a typical St. John's Ward home. There are also several images depicting men and women engaged in the tradition/custom of Tashlich at theToronto waterfront on the first day of Rosh Hashana.
Subjects
Neighborhoods
Related Material
Speisman, Steven. St. John's Shtetl: the Ward in 1911.
1977-7-2
Places
St. John's Ward (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
2005-5-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1441
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1441
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[between 1909 and 1911]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of an unidentified man holding a child in front of store in St. John's Ward, Toronto.
Subjects
Small business
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Elizabeth Street (Toronto, Ont.)
St. John's Ward (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
1977-7-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 3163
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
3163
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1904]
Physical Description
1 photograph : col.
Admin History/Bio
The University Synagogue was located at 151 University Avenue at the north-east corner of Elm Street. It was founded in 1883 and about three years later they bought a former Methodist Church. It was the immediate ancestor of Goel Tzedec Synagogue located further down University Avenue at 77-81 and then later 93 University Avenue, below Dundas Street.
Notes
Photograph printed from slide.
Name Access
Goel Tzedec Synagogue (Toronto, Ont.)
University Avenue Synagogue (Toronto, Ont.)
Subjects
Architecture
Synagogues
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
St. John's Ward (Toronto, Ont.)
University Avenue (Toronto, Ont.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Scenes from The Ward in the early 20th Century fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 43; Item 5
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Scenes from The Ward in the early 20th Century fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
43
Item
5
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1910]
Physical Description
3 slides : b&w ; 8 x 8 cm or smaller
Scope and Content
Photograph of 11 Jewish newsboys of various ages holding newspapers on a street in the Ward. The sixth newsboy from the left (standing centre) is Sam Lichtman.
Notes
Original photo is a glass slide.
Title taken from writing on original slide.
Sam Lichtman was identified by his daughter, Maxine Cadsby.
Subjects
Children
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
St. John's Ward (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
2005-5-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
2015-11-14
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2015-11-14
Material Format
graphic material
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 13 x 18 cm
Date
[194-]
Scope and Content
Accession consists of one photograph of Max Swartz standing in front of his dry goods store at 182 Dundas Street West, circa 1940s. The store closed around 1949.
Administrative History
Max Swartz was born in Russia and served in the Russian army. He emigrated to Canada before the First World War. Max is the donor's paternal uncle.
Subjects
Business
Name Access
Swartz, Max
Places
St. John's Ward (Toronto, Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Name
Jennie Goldstein and Mr. and Mrs. Boris Coopersmith
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
January 26, 1975
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Jennie Goldstein and Mr. and Mrs. Boris Coopersmith
Number
AC 147
AC 148
Subject
Theater, Yiddish
Interview Date
January 26, 1975
Quantity
2
Interviewer
Stephen Spiesman
Total Running Time
AC147A: 44. minutes
AC148B: 45. minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Jennie Goldstein immigrated from Russia to Toronto in 1914. While living and working in The Ward, Jennie married Harry Goldstein, who was noted as both a "dresser" and actor in Toronto's Lyric and Standard Theatres. After Harry's passing Jennie became a supplier of costumes for the Yiddish Theatre. In 1920, to help support the family, Jennie opened a 'deli" stand alongside the original Shopsy's deli located in the area of Kensington Market. Jennie and Harry's daughter Bess married Boris Coppersmith whose parents, Yossel and Nessie, owned a variety store at Spadina and Baldwin Street.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Coopersmith, Bess
Coopersmith, Boris
Goldstein, Jennie
Harris, Harry
Lyric Theatre
Pasternak, Chanina
Speisman, Stephen
Standard Theatre (Toronto, Ont.)
Geographic Access
St. John's Ward (Toronto, Ont.)
Kensington Market (Toronto, Ont.)
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Jennie Goldstein describes the early years of Toronto's Yiddish theatres such as the Tivoli and the Standard, and actors such as Harry Harris and Chanina Pasternak.

In this clip, Jennie Goldstein describes the performances and actors of the Lyric Theatre circa 1914

Level
Item
ID
Item 1877
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1877
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1918]
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Identified in this photograph is Lena Gang in the store doorway. Her mother can be seen in the window. Remnants of a diphtheria quarantine notice can be seen on the door.
Name Access
Gang, Lena
Gang Dry Goods
Subjects
Storefronts
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
St. John's Ward (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
1980-1-11
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 4148
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
4148
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[between 1915 and 1920]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Admin History/Bio
Teraulay St. is now Bay St.
Name Access
Silberman, Simon
Subjects
Cigar industry
Storefronts
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
St. John's Ward (Toronto, Ont.)
Teraulay Street (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
1986-5-7
Source
Archival Descriptions
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