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13 records – page 1 of 1.
Name
J.B. Salsberg
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
Sept. 1985
Source
Oral Histories
Name
J.B. Salsberg
Number
AC 071
Subject
Labor movement
Labor unions
Women
Demonstrations
Interview Date
Sept. 1985
Quantity
1
Total Running Time
071A: 44:50 minuets 071B: 35:55 minuets
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Joseph Baruch Salsberg (1902-1998) was a labour leader, political activist, politician, newspaper columnist and a man who dedicated his life to Yiddishkeit and the advancement of social justice. He was active in various Jewish organizations, including; the Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC), the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto, and the New Fraternal Jewish Association. In 1938 he was elected as Alderman on Toronto’s City Council and elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1943. He is well remembered by contemporaries, such as Sam Lipshitz, as a "champion of the people', committed to social justice, the plight of the working-class, and the preservation of Jewish culture.
This oral history includes Salsberg's personal reminiscences on the Toronto Jewish community, the Polish Jewish community and issues related to women's labour and the unions in the garment industry.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers Union
Salsberg, J. B. (Joseph B.), 1902-1998
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
Side 1:
0.0-6.30: Joseph Baruch Salsberg was born in Poland in 1902 to Abraham and Sara Salsberg. Abraham migrated to Toronto in 1910 and Joseph followed with his mother and two younger sisters in 1913.
6.30-18.39: Prior to 1913 Poland was primarily a peasant and agricultural society with the majority of the Jewish population living and working as tradesmen in the villages. Salsberg discusses the difficult relationship between the Poles and Jews under the power of the Czar.
18:40-24.14: Salsberg discusses the Canadian government’s collaboration with the CP Railroad to launch advertising campaigns attracting potential immigrants to come and live in Canada.
24.22-33.24: Salsberg discusses the experiences of his mother as a young Jewish immigrant and her adjustment to life in Toronto.
33.25-37.30: Salsberg discusses the Ward, an area between University and Yonge as being the heartland of early Jewish settlement. He describes the area as being the natural choice for Jews to live, the rents were cheap, Synagogues and community centers were nearby as were and their places of employment. The center for Jewish shopping was Kensington Market with shops along McCaul and Baldwin Streets, shopping at Eatons was reserved for “special occasions”.
37.32-39.50: Salsberg discusses the hardships faced by Polish immigrant Jews arriving in Toronto after World War One.
39.52-44.45: Salsberg discusses his father an Orthodox man who eventually went into the junk business and became one of the founders of the first Talmud Torah, his mother was active in the Ladies Auxillary of the School and remained it’s President for 50 years.
End
Side 2:
0.03-5.37: Salsberg discusses the religious and cultural divisions that dominated social and communal living in Poland under Czarist rule and the resulting division between Jews and non- Jewish Polish immigrants in Toronto
5.38-8.28: Salsberg discusses the example set by his mother on matters of religious observance and importance of the woman’s role in the family.
8.29-11.08: Salsberg discusses his mother’s activities outside the home. Sarah Salsberg was the first woman to challenge the burial custom of not allowing husband and wife to be buried side by side. Sarah won her challenge and was buried alongside her husband.
11.10-12.28: Salsberg discusses his orientation towards labor Zionism and his parent’s reaction to his political views. Sarah Salsberg was a “broad-minded” woman and friendly with those active in the movement, while his father clung to his own group.
12.29-13.53: Salsberg discusses the garment trade and the organizers who become members of the Ladies Garment Workers Union. Salsberg goes on to speak of his mother’s approval and secret admiration of the women in the Ladies Garment Union.
13.54-14.44: Salsberg discusses the role of Jewish immigrant women using the example of the Eatons strike in 1911 led by Jewish tailors, both men and women.
14.45-15.00: Salsberg discusses the Triangle Fire in New York as the impetus that led to the birth of the ILGWU in America and the ILGWU’s influence on the Canadian Garment industry.
15.03-15.40: Salsberg discusses the New York Yiddish Dailies the “Forward” and Tagblat delivered and read daily by Toronto’s Jewish community as another factor in the establishment of the Ladies Garment Workers Union in Canada.
15.41-20.39: Salsberg discusses the introduction by Eatons to changes in production methods that would have tailors, mostly men, taking on the job of women finishers. The refusal by the tailors to take away the jobs of women would lead to the first sit down strike by tailors in Canada.
20.40-21.20: Salsberg discusses the recognition of women’s rights in the early garment workers unions. The Dressmakers section of the ILGWU in Toronto was predominantly women who led strikes and fought on picket lines.
21.21-23.44: Salsberg discusses Union sentiment within the Jewish community and the enforcement by some of the more militant women on community shopkeepers to use Union labels on their products.
23.45-24.39: Salsberg discusses single Jewish women who confronted with financial hardship worked in predominately Jewish factories.
24.40-26.07: Salsberg discusses the economic nature of the garment industry, the competition and undercutting in the industry factories and the continuous strikes and stoppages by employees opposed to wage cuts.
26.08-31.15: Salsberg discusses the important contributions in the areas of the labor force, education and social responsibility made to Ontario by Jewish immigrant women. Women worked alongside men in order to improve their economic position and establish themselves within the community. Jewish women placed a great emphasis on education and as a result a high percentage of their children would graduate from institutions such as Harbord Collegiate and Jarvis Collegiate with scholarships. Salsberg speaks of his late wife Dora Wilensky who graduated from Jarvis Collegiate with the highest mark of any girl student in Ontario earning a five-year scholarship to McMaster University and becoming a prominent Social Worker within the Jewish community.
31.16-33.09: Salsberg discusses the differences in opportunity for young Jewish men and young Jewish women. As the only boy in the family he was expected to set the path by going to a theological school in NY but to the dismay of his parents he became radicalized in leftist politics.
33.10-35.55: Although Salsberg’s parents were never involved in the labour movement and disagreed with his leftist philosophy, they were pleased by his election in 1938 as Alderman on Toronto’s City Council and his election to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1943.
End
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Joseph Salsberg discusses the events that led to the birth of the International Ladies' Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) in America and the ILGWU's influence on the Canadian Garment Industry.

In this clip, Joseph Salsberg discusses Canada

Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 37; Series 1; File 1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Level
File
Fonds
37
Series
1
File
1
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
73 photographs : b&w (42 negatives) ; 26 x 21 cm and 11 x 13 cm
Scope and Content
File consists of negatives documenting the 1956 Negev dinner held in honour of the Toronto Jewish community's centennial. The dinner was hosted by the Jewish National Fund at Toronto's Royal York Hotel. This honourary dinner was bestowed on the community in celebration of the ongoing committment to fostering a strong, supportive and vibrant Jewish community in Toronto.
The dinner was attended and officiated by prominent members of the Toronto Jewish community, including: Rabbi Stuart Rosenberg, Rabbi David Monson, D. Lou Harris, Stephen E. Berger, Rabbi Charles Bender, Manny Rotman, Sol D. Granek, J. Irving Oelbaum, Meyer W. Gasner, Samuel Feldt, Edward E. Gelber, and Rabbi Abraham L. Feinberg. The images in this file reflect these individuals' participation in the event.
Name Access
Bender, Rabbi Charles
Berger, Stephen E.
Feinberg, Rabbi Abraham L.
Feldt, Samuel
Gasner, Meyer W.
Gelber, Edward E., 1903-1970
Granek, Sol D.
Harris, D. Lou
Jewish National Fund
Monson, Rabbi David
Negev Dinner
Oelbaum, J. Irving, 1899-1966
Rosenberg, Rabbi Stuart
Rotman, Manny
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 37; Series 1; File 2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Level
File
Fonds
37
Series
1
File
2
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1966
Physical Description
51 negatives : b&w ; 11 x 13 cm
Admin History/Bio
Bert Godfrey was born on June 1, 1908 to Minnie Reisman and Solomon Godfrey. He married Ruth Grossman and they had two children named Corrine Leigh and Sheldon. Bert Godfrey was president of S. Godfrey Co. Ltd, a wool import and export company founded by Samuel Godfrey.
Godfrey contributed much time and energy to the cause of Israel and other philanthropic pursuits. Mr. Godfrey was founding president of Beth Tzedec and former president of Goel Tzedec. He served as president of the Bureau of Jewish Education and was founding president of of the United Synagogue Day School. He also sat on several different boards including: Mount Sinai, Jewish home for the Aged, United Jewish Welfare Fund and the Canadian Jewish Council.
Other awards presented to Bert Godfrey include, the Jewish Theological Seminary of America's Louis Marshall Award in 1961 and the National Human Relations Award from the Canadian Council of Christians and Jews in 1964.
Scope and Content
File consists of negatives documenting the 1966 Negev Dinner held in honour of Bert Godfrey. The dinner was hosted by the Jewish National Fund at the Royal York Hotel and was attended by members of the Toronto Jewish community.
Images are of the main activities and participants of the event including speeches and presentations from the following guests: Alfred Green, Rabbi Gedalia Felder, Rabbi Erwin Schild, Nat Hurwich, Manny Rotman, Honourable Gabriel Lourie, Honourable Allan A. Grossman, Mayor Philip G. Givens, Samuel Shainhouse, Morris B. Kaufman, Rabbi David Monson, Max Schecter, Honourable Mr. Justice Abraham H Lieff, Rabbi Stuart E. Rosenberg, Louis L. Lockshin, Rabbi Louis J Cashdan, and Julius Hayman.
Name Access
Negev Dinner
Jewish National Fund
Godfrey, Bert
Green, Alfred
Felder, Rabbi Gedalia
Schild, Rabbi Erwin
Hurwich, Nat
Rotman, Manny
Lourie, Honourable Gabriel
Grossman, Allan A.
Givens, Philip G.
Shainhouse, Samuel
Kaufman, Morris B.
Monson, Rabbi David
Schecter, Max
Lieff, Mr. Justice Abraham H.
Rosenberg, Rabbi Stuart E.
Lockshin, Louis L.
Cashdan, Rabbi Louis J.
Hayman, Julius
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 37; Series 1; File 1; Item 4
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
Fonds
37
Series
1
File
1
Item
4
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 21 x 26 cm and 11 x 13 cm
Admin History/Bio
Manny Rotman was born in 1909 to Chaya and Hersh Leib. He married Goldie Kestenbaum and they had three children: Millie, Jennie and Joe. Rotman was president of a hotel corporation and also worked as a business consultant. He was past president of Jewish National Fund, Toronto B'nai B'rith Lodge, and was actively involved with several Jewish organizations.
Scope and Content
Photograph of Manny Rotman giving a speech as the Negev Dinner Committee Chairman for the 1956 Negev dinner.
Notes
Photograph by Al Gilbert.
Name Access
Rotman, Manny
Jewish National Fund
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 37; Series 1; File 1; Item 5
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
Fonds
37
Series
1
File
1
Item
5
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 21 x 26 cm and 11 x 13 cm
Notes
Photograph by Al Gilbert.
Name Access
Berger, Stephen
Rotman, Manny
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 37; Series 1; File 1; Item 21
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
Fonds
37
Series
1
File
1
Item
21
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 26 x 21 cm and 13 x 11 cm
Admin History/Bio
Manny Rotman was married to Goldie Kestenbaum and they had three children: Millie, Jennie and Joe. Rotman was president of a hotel corporation and also worked as a business consultant. He was past president of the Jewish National Fund, Toronto's B'nai B'rith Lodge, and, as well, he sat on many committees and boards for Jewish organizations.
Scope and Content
Photograph is of Manny Rotman, the Negev Dinner Committee Chairman, posing for a portrait.
Notes
Photograph by Al Gilbert.
Name Access
Rotman, Manny
Kestenbaum, Goldie
Jewish National Fund
Subjects
Businesspeople
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 37; Series 1; File 1; Item 23
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
Fonds
37
Series
1
File
1
Item
23
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 21 x 26 cm and 11 x 13 cm
Notes
Photograph by Al Gilbert.
Name Access
Rotman, Manny
Gulko, Harris
Berger, Stephen
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 37; Series 1; File 1; Item 29
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
Fonds
37
Series
1
File
1
Item
29
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 21 x 26 cm and 11 x 13 cm
Notes
Photograph by Al Gilbert.
Name Access
Berger, Stephen
Rotman, Manny
Jewish National Fund
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 37; Series 1; File 1; Item 30
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
Fonds
37
Series
1
File
1
Item
30
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 21 x 26 cm and 11 x 13 cm
Scope and Content
Photograph of a group portrait at the 1956 Negev dinner.
Standing from left to right are: Eddie Gelber, unknown, unknown, Sam Kronick [seated], Stephen Berger, Manny Rotman, and Harris Gulko.
Notes
Photograph by Al Gilbert.
Name Access
Kronick, Sam
Gelber, Eddie
Berger, Stephen
Rotman, Manny
Gulko, Harris
Jewish National Fund
Subjects
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 37; Series 1; File 1; Item 33
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
Fonds
37
Series
1
File
1
Item
33
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
1 negative : b&w ; 11 x 13 cm
Scope and Content
Man seated on far left is D. Lou Harris.
Notes
Photograph by Al Gilbert.
Name Access
Rotman, Manny
Harris, D. Lou
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 37; Series 1; File 1; Item 41
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Dinner honouring the Toronto Jewish community file
Level
Item
Fonds
37
Series
1
File
1
Item
41
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
1 negative : b&w ; 11 x 13 cm
Scope and Content
Standing on the right of the podium is Manny Rotman.
Notes
Photograph by Al Gilbert.
Name Access
Rosenberg, Rabbi Stuart
Rotman, Manny
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Negev dinner honouring Bert Godfrey file
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 37; Series 1; File 2; Item 38
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Negev dinner honouring Bert Godfrey file
Level
Item
Fonds
37
Series
1
File
2
Item
38
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1966
Physical Description
1 negative : b&w ; 11 x 13 cm
Scope and Content
Photograph of Ruth and Bert Godfrey being introduced at the Negev dinner held in his honour. Standing behind the couple from left to right are: Phil & Min Givens, Rabbi David Monson, Manny Rotman, 2 unidentified guests and Mr. & Mrs. Sam Shainhouse.
Notes
Photograph by Al Gilbert.
Name Access
Godfrey, Ruth
Godfrey, Bert
Givens, Min
Givens, Phil
Monson, Rabbi David
Rotman, Manny
Shainhouse, Sam
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Negev dinner honouring Phil Givens file
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 37; Series 1; File 4; Item 52
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Negev dinners series
Negev dinner honouring Phil Givens file
Level
Item
Fonds
37
Series
1
File
4
Item
52
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1968
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 9 x 9 cm and 6 x 6 cm
Name Access
Rotman, Manny
Monson, Rabbi David
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Descriptions
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