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15 records – page 1 of 1.
Level
Item
ID
Item 4340
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
4340
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1924]
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Front, 7th from right: Capt. Lillian Smith.
Flagbearer: Ida Strauss (married Rogers).
Name Access
Smith, Lillian
Strauss, Ida
Subjects
Girl Guides
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1985-3-9
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 4295
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
4295
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[192-]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Back row, left to right: Isadore Marcus (President, Goel Tzedec); [unknown]; Rabbi Jesse Schwartz; [unknown]; Sol Kauffman.
Front row, left to right: [unknown]; Ida Strauss; [unknown]; Capt. Lillian Smith.
Notes
Photo by Alexandra Studios.
Name Access
Goel Tzedec Synagogue (Toronto, Ont.)
Kauffman, Sol
Marcus, Isadore
Schwartz, Rabbi Jesse
Smith, Lillian
Strauss, Ida
Subjects
Girl Guides
Portraits, Group
Synagogues
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1987-2-4
Source
Archival Descriptions
Name
J.B. Salsberg
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
Sept. 1985
Source
Oral Histories
Name
J.B. Salsberg
Number
AC 071
Subject
Labor movement
Labor unions
Women
Demonstrations
Interview Date
Sept. 1985
Quantity
1
Total Running Time
071A: 44:50 minuets 071B: 35:55 minuets
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Joseph Baruch Salsberg (1902-1998) was a labour leader, political activist, politician, newspaper columnist and a man who dedicated his life to Yiddishkeit and the advancement of social justice. He was active in various Jewish organizations, including; the Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC), the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto, and the New Fraternal Jewish Association. In 1938 he was elected as Alderman on Toronto’s City Council and elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1943. He is well remembered by contemporaries, such as Sam Lipshitz, as a "champion of the people', committed to social justice, the plight of the working-class, and the preservation of Jewish culture.
This oral history includes Salsberg's personal reminiscences on the Toronto Jewish community, the Polish Jewish community and issues related to women's labour and the unions in the garment industry.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers Union
Salsberg, J. B. (Joseph B.), 1902-1998
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
Side 1:
0.0-6.30: Joseph Baruch Salsberg was born in Poland in 1902 to Abraham and Sara Salsberg. Abraham migrated to Toronto in 1910 and Joseph followed with his mother and two younger sisters in 1913.
6.30-18.39: Prior to 1913 Poland was primarily a peasant and agricultural society with the majority of the Jewish population living and working as tradesmen in the villages. Salsberg discusses the difficult relationship between the Poles and Jews under the power of the Czar.
18:40-24.14: Salsberg discusses the Canadian government’s collaboration with the CP Railroad to launch advertising campaigns attracting potential immigrants to come and live in Canada.
24.22-33.24: Salsberg discusses the experiences of his mother as a young Jewish immigrant and her adjustment to life in Toronto.
33.25-37.30: Salsberg discusses the Ward, an area between University and Yonge as being the heartland of early Jewish settlement. He describes the area as being the natural choice for Jews to live, the rents were cheap, Synagogues and community centers were nearby as were and their places of employment. The center for Jewish shopping was Kensington Market with shops along McCaul and Baldwin Streets, shopping at Eatons was reserved for “special occasions”.
37.32-39.50: Salsberg discusses the hardships faced by Polish immigrant Jews arriving in Toronto after World War One.
39.52-44.45: Salsberg discusses his father an Orthodox man who eventually went into the junk business and became one of the founders of the first Talmud Torah, his mother was active in the Ladies Auxillary of the School and remained it’s President for 50 years.
End
Side 2:
0.03-5.37: Salsberg discusses the religious and cultural divisions that dominated social and communal living in Poland under Czarist rule and the resulting division between Jews and non- Jewish Polish immigrants in Toronto
5.38-8.28: Salsberg discusses the example set by his mother on matters of religious observance and importance of the woman’s role in the family.
8.29-11.08: Salsberg discusses his mother’s activities outside the home. Sarah Salsberg was the first woman to challenge the burial custom of not allowing husband and wife to be buried side by side. Sarah won her challenge and was buried alongside her husband.
11.10-12.28: Salsberg discusses his orientation towards labor Zionism and his parent’s reaction to his political views. Sarah Salsberg was a “broad-minded” woman and friendly with those active in the movement, while his father clung to his own group.
12.29-13.53: Salsberg discusses the garment trade and the organizers who become members of the Ladies Garment Workers Union. Salsberg goes on to speak of his mother’s approval and secret admiration of the women in the Ladies Garment Union.
13.54-14.44: Salsberg discusses the role of Jewish immigrant women using the example of the Eatons strike in 1911 led by Jewish tailors, both men and women.
14.45-15.00: Salsberg discusses the Triangle Fire in New York as the impetus that led to the birth of the ILGWU in America and the ILGWU’s influence on the Canadian Garment industry.
15.03-15.40: Salsberg discusses the New York Yiddish Dailies the “Forward” and Tagblat delivered and read daily by Toronto’s Jewish community as another factor in the establishment of the Ladies Garment Workers Union in Canada.
15.41-20.39: Salsberg discusses the introduction by Eatons to changes in production methods that would have tailors, mostly men, taking on the job of women finishers. The refusal by the tailors to take away the jobs of women would lead to the first sit down strike by tailors in Canada.
20.40-21.20: Salsberg discusses the recognition of women’s rights in the early garment workers unions. The Dressmakers section of the ILGWU in Toronto was predominantly women who led strikes and fought on picket lines.
21.21-23.44: Salsberg discusses Union sentiment within the Jewish community and the enforcement by some of the more militant women on community shopkeepers to use Union labels on their products.
23.45-24.39: Salsberg discusses single Jewish women who confronted with financial hardship worked in predominately Jewish factories.
24.40-26.07: Salsberg discusses the economic nature of the garment industry, the competition and undercutting in the industry factories and the continuous strikes and stoppages by employees opposed to wage cuts.
26.08-31.15: Salsberg discusses the important contributions in the areas of the labor force, education and social responsibility made to Ontario by Jewish immigrant women. Women worked alongside men in order to improve their economic position and establish themselves within the community. Jewish women placed a great emphasis on education and as a result a high percentage of their children would graduate from institutions such as Harbord Collegiate and Jarvis Collegiate with scholarships. Salsberg speaks of his late wife Dora Wilensky who graduated from Jarvis Collegiate with the highest mark of any girl student in Ontario earning a five-year scholarship to McMaster University and becoming a prominent Social Worker within the Jewish community.
31.16-33.09: Salsberg discusses the differences in opportunity for young Jewish men and young Jewish women. As the only boy in the family he was expected to set the path by going to a theological school in NY but to the dismay of his parents he became radicalized in leftist politics.
33.10-35.55: Although Salsberg’s parents were never involved in the labour movement and disagreed with his leftist philosophy, they were pleased by his election in 1938 as Alderman on Toronto’s City Council and his election to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1943.
End
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Joseph Salsberg discusses the events that led to the birth of the International Ladies' Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) in America and the ILGWU's influence on the Canadian Garment Industry.

In this clip, Joseph Salsberg discusses Canada

Level
Item
ID
Item 444
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
444
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1914
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 15 x 10 cm
Scope and Content
The item is a photograph of Ida Strauss, aged 1.5 years.
Name Access
Strauss, Ida
Subjects
Children
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
Acquired April 7, 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 447
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
447
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1917]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 14 x 9 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of Ida Strauss (Rogers) as a young girl standing in front of 137 Bellwoods Ave., Toronto
Name Access
Rogers, Ida
Strauss, Ida
Subjects
Children
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Bellwoods Avenue (Toronto, Ont.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 448-449
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
448-449
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1927
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w ; 9 x 7 cm
Scope and Content
Item is photographs of Ida Strauss in guides uniform on steps of University Avenue Synagogue, Toronto. In one photo she is holding two flags - a Union Jack and a 69th Toronto Guides flag.
Notes
Remnants of black paper backing from original placement in album (?).
Name Access
Goel Tzedec Synagogue (Toronto, Ont.)
Strauss, Ida
University Avenue Synagogue (Toronto, Ont.)
Subjects
Girl Guides
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
University Avenue (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
Acquired April 7, 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 450
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
450
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1927
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 10 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of members of the 69th Toronto Co. Girl Guides at Hamilton City Hall. Right to left: Lil Shulman (married Dr. Ross), Ann Shroeder, Molly Lerner (married Rabbi Katz), Ida Strauss, Ann Albert (Ganz), Ethel Pugen (Dacks).
Notes
Inscribed "Hamilton 1927 69th Toronto Co." on front of photograph.
Remnants of black paper backing from original placement in album (?).
Name Access
Albert, Ann
Lerner, Molly
Pugen, Ethel
Shroeder, Ann
Shulman, Lil
Strauss, Ida
Subjects
Girl Guides
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Hamilton (Ont.)
Accession Number
Acquired April 7, 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 454
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
454
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1928
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 8 x 13 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of Ida Strauss (left) and Anna Kernerman beside a car on Lakeshore Boulevard, Toronto.
Notes
Inscription on front: "Snappy car, eh what? Lakeshore Blvd. April/28".
Name Access
Kernerman, Anna
Strauss, Ida
Subjects
Automobiles
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Lake Shore Boulevard (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
Acquired April 7, 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 455
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
455
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1928
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 8 x 13 cm
Scope and Content
This item is a photograph of a Girl Guide group in Bronte, Ontario. Pictured left to right are: Molly Lerner, Anna Kernerman, Ida Strauss, and Anne Schroeder.
Notes
Inscribed on front: "April 29/28".
Name Access
Kernerman, Anna
Lerner, Molly
Schroeder, Anne
Strauss, Ida
Subjects
Girl Guides
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Bronte (Ont.)
Accession Number
Acquired April 7 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 456
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
456
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1928
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 13 x 8 cm and 12 x 10 cm
Scope and Content
This item is a photograph of Jewish Girl Guides in Bronte, Ontario. From left to right are: Ida Strauss, Molly Lerner, Anne Schroeder, and Anna Kernerman.
Notes
On the front is written April 29/28.
Name Access
Kernerman, Anna
Lerner, Molly
Schroeder, Anne
Strauss, Ida
Subjects
Girl Guides
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Bronte (Ont.)
Accession Number
Acquired April 7, 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 457
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
457
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1937
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 9 x 7 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of Ida Strauss and Rose Kenwick (Kanowich) now Hersh at Camp Camperdown, July 1937.
Notes
Inscribed on front: "Camp Camperdown 1937" and on back "Camp Camperdown July 25, 1937 Ida Strauss and Rose Kenwick".
Name Access
Camp Camperdown
Kenwick, Rose
Strauss, Ida
Subjects
Camps
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Ontario
Accession Number
Acquired April 7, 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 451
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
451
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1927
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 9 cm
Scope and Content
Photograph of members of the 69th Toronto Co. Girl Guides at Hamilton City Hall. Left to right: Ethel Pugen, Ann Albert, Lil Shulman. Top: Molly Lerner, Ann Shroeder, and Ida Strauss.
Notes
Inscription on front: "Hamilton 1927".
A 4x5 negative is available.
Name Access
Albert, Ann
Lerner, Molly
Pugen, Ethel
Shroeder, Ann
Shulman, Lil
Strauss, Ida
Subjects
Girl Guides
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Hamilton (Ont.)
Accession Number
Acquired April 7, 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 459
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
459
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1940
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w , mounted on board ; 14 x 20 cm
Scope and Content
Item is an original photograph of National Council of Jewish Juniors cast of play, Madison (Midtown) Theatre, Toronto, directed by Ida Strauss. Left to right: Eve Cappe, Jenny Birken, Syd Scheen, and Olga Galitsky.
Name Access
Birken, Jenny
Cape, Eve
Galitsky, Olga
Madison Theatre
National Council of Jewish Juniors
Scheen, Syd
Strauss, Ida
Subjects
Actors
Women
Theater
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
Acquired April 7, 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 467
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
467
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1939
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 13 x 18 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of members of the Charles Benjamin Players, Seated, left to right: Mina Livingston; Helen Weinberg; Mildred Ludwig; Earl Fauman; Sylvia Page (Lennier). Standing, left to right: [unknown]; Mark Lutsky; __ Messenger; Ida Strauss; Elliot Markus; Charles Benjamin.
Name Access
Benjamin, Charles
Charles Benjamin Players
Fauman, Earl
Lennier, Sylvia
Livingston, Mina
Ludgwig, Mildred
Lutsky, Mark
Markus, Elliott
Messenger
Page, Sylvia
Strauss, Ida
Weinberg, Helen
Subjects
Actors
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
Acquired April 7, 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 468
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
468
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1939
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 17 x 22 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of National Council of Jewish Juniors performing "Having a Wonderful Time" at Hart House Theatre, Toronto. From left to right: Sylvia Page (Lennick), ? Shapiro, Ida Strauss, and Mina Livingston.
Notes
A 4 x 5 negative is available.
Name Access
Hart House Theatre
Livingston, Mina
National Council of Jewish Juniors
Page, Sylvia
Strauss, Ida
Subjects
Actors
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
Acquired April 7, 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
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