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14 records – page 1 of 1.
Part Of
Larry Becker collection
Level
File
ID
Fonds 34; File 43
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Larry Becker collection
Level
File
Fonds
34
File
43
Material Format
textual record
Date
[ca. 1950]
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of blank stationery with Graduate Menorah Society of Toronto letterhead.
Name Access
University of Toronto Menorah Society
Subjects
Societies
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Name
J.B. Salsberg
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
Sept. 1985
Source
Oral Histories
Name
J.B. Salsberg
Number
AC 071
Subject
Labor movement
Labor unions
Women
Demonstrations
Interview Date
Sept. 1985
Quantity
1
Total Running Time
071A: 44:50 minuets 071B: 35:55 minuets
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Joseph Baruch Salsberg (1902-1998) was a labour leader, political activist, politician, newspaper columnist and a man who dedicated his life to Yiddishkeit and the advancement of social justice. He was active in various Jewish organizations, including; the Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC), the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto, and the New Fraternal Jewish Association. In 1938 he was elected as Alderman on Toronto’s City Council and elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1943. He is well remembered by contemporaries, such as Sam Lipshitz, as a "champion of the people', committed to social justice, the plight of the working-class, and the preservation of Jewish culture.
This oral history includes Salsberg's personal reminiscences on the Toronto Jewish community, the Polish Jewish community and issues related to women's labour and the unions in the garment industry.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers Union
Salsberg, J. B. (Joseph B.), 1902-1998
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
Side 1:
0.0-6.30: Joseph Baruch Salsberg was born in Poland in 1902 to Abraham and Sara Salsberg. Abraham migrated to Toronto in 1910 and Joseph followed with his mother and two younger sisters in 1913.
6.30-18.39: Prior to 1913 Poland was primarily a peasant and agricultural society with the majority of the Jewish population living and working as tradesmen in the villages. Salsberg discusses the difficult relationship between the Poles and Jews under the power of the Czar.
18:40-24.14: Salsberg discusses the Canadian government’s collaboration with the CP Railroad to launch advertising campaigns attracting potential immigrants to come and live in Canada.
24.22-33.24: Salsberg discusses the experiences of his mother as a young Jewish immigrant and her adjustment to life in Toronto.
33.25-37.30: Salsberg discusses the Ward, an area between University and Yonge as being the heartland of early Jewish settlement. He describes the area as being the natural choice for Jews to live, the rents were cheap, Synagogues and community centers were nearby as were and their places of employment. The center for Jewish shopping was Kensington Market with shops along McCaul and Baldwin Streets, shopping at Eatons was reserved for “special occasions”.
37.32-39.50: Salsberg discusses the hardships faced by Polish immigrant Jews arriving in Toronto after World War One.
39.52-44.45: Salsberg discusses his father an Orthodox man who eventually went into the junk business and became one of the founders of the first Talmud Torah, his mother was active in the Ladies Auxillary of the School and remained it’s President for 50 years.
End
Side 2:
0.03-5.37: Salsberg discusses the religious and cultural divisions that dominated social and communal living in Poland under Czarist rule and the resulting division between Jews and non- Jewish Polish immigrants in Toronto
5.38-8.28: Salsberg discusses the example set by his mother on matters of religious observance and importance of the woman’s role in the family.
8.29-11.08: Salsberg discusses his mother’s activities outside the home. Sarah Salsberg was the first woman to challenge the burial custom of not allowing husband and wife to be buried side by side. Sarah won her challenge and was buried alongside her husband.
11.10-12.28: Salsberg discusses his orientation towards labor Zionism and his parent’s reaction to his political views. Sarah Salsberg was a “broad-minded” woman and friendly with those active in the movement, while his father clung to his own group.
12.29-13.53: Salsberg discusses the garment trade and the organizers who become members of the Ladies Garment Workers Union. Salsberg goes on to speak of his mother’s approval and secret admiration of the women in the Ladies Garment Union.
13.54-14.44: Salsberg discusses the role of Jewish immigrant women using the example of the Eatons strike in 1911 led by Jewish tailors, both men and women.
14.45-15.00: Salsberg discusses the Triangle Fire in New York as the impetus that led to the birth of the ILGWU in America and the ILGWU’s influence on the Canadian Garment industry.
15.03-15.40: Salsberg discusses the New York Yiddish Dailies the “Forward” and Tagblat delivered and read daily by Toronto’s Jewish community as another factor in the establishment of the Ladies Garment Workers Union in Canada.
15.41-20.39: Salsberg discusses the introduction by Eatons to changes in production methods that would have tailors, mostly men, taking on the job of women finishers. The refusal by the tailors to take away the jobs of women would lead to the first sit down strike by tailors in Canada.
20.40-21.20: Salsberg discusses the recognition of women’s rights in the early garment workers unions. The Dressmakers section of the ILGWU in Toronto was predominantly women who led strikes and fought on picket lines.
21.21-23.44: Salsberg discusses Union sentiment within the Jewish community and the enforcement by some of the more militant women on community shopkeepers to use Union labels on their products.
23.45-24.39: Salsberg discusses single Jewish women who confronted with financial hardship worked in predominately Jewish factories.
24.40-26.07: Salsberg discusses the economic nature of the garment industry, the competition and undercutting in the industry factories and the continuous strikes and stoppages by employees opposed to wage cuts.
26.08-31.15: Salsberg discusses the important contributions in the areas of the labor force, education and social responsibility made to Ontario by Jewish immigrant women. Women worked alongside men in order to improve their economic position and establish themselves within the community. Jewish women placed a great emphasis on education and as a result a high percentage of their children would graduate from institutions such as Harbord Collegiate and Jarvis Collegiate with scholarships. Salsberg speaks of his late wife Dora Wilensky who graduated from Jarvis Collegiate with the highest mark of any girl student in Ontario earning a five-year scholarship to McMaster University and becoming a prominent Social Worker within the Jewish community.
31.16-33.09: Salsberg discusses the differences in opportunity for young Jewish men and young Jewish women. As the only boy in the family he was expected to set the path by going to a theological school in NY but to the dismay of his parents he became radicalized in leftist politics.
33.10-35.55: Although Salsberg’s parents were never involved in the labour movement and disagreed with his leftist philosophy, they were pleased by his election in 1938 as Alderman on Toronto’s City Council and his election to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1943.
End
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Joseph Salsberg discusses the events that led to the birth of the International Ladies' Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) in America and the ILGWU's influence on the Canadian Garment Industry.

In this clip, Joseph Salsberg discusses Canada

Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Jewish clubs, businesses and organizations series
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 37; Series 8; Item 6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Gilbert Studios fonds
Jewish clubs, businesses and organizations series
Level
Item
Fonds
37
Series
8
Item
6
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1917-1918
Physical Description
1 negative : b&w ; 11 x 13 cm
Admin History/Bio
The Menorah Society grew out of the Yiddish Club at the University of Toronto in 1917. The had a semi-official status and superseded most of the other Jewish student groups. Most often they met off campus, but they did have a faculty advisor named Professor W. R. Taylor, who taught Hebrew at University College. Menorah Society was a branch of an intercollegiate Jewish society formed at Harvard in 1906 for the study of Jewish history and culture. In Toronto, they flourished until it was undermined by the Greek-letter fraternities in the late 1920s and in 1931 they dissolved.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of the University of Toronto Menorah Society executives for 1917-1918.
Name Access
University of Toronto Menorah Society
Subjects
Portraits, Group
Societies
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 495
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
495
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[between 1927 and 1928]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of the University of Toronto Menorah Club Executive.
Name Access
University of Toronto Menorah Society
Subjects
Societies
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
Acquired Jan. 17, 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 496
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
496
Material Format
graphic material
Date
between [1927 and 1928]
Physical Description
2 photographs: b&w (1 negative)
Name Access
University of Toronto Menorah Society
Subjects
Societies
Access Restriction
No restrictions on access
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
Acquired Jan. 14, 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 494
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
494
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[bewteen 1926 and1927]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of the University of Toronto Menorah Society Executive.
Name Access
University of Toronto Menorah Society
Subjects
Societies
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
Acquired 17 Jan. 1975.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1277
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1277
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1917-1918
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Identified in this photograph are: M. Wladowsky, B.B. Enushevsky, Sol. Eisen, J.A. Sweet, Abram Slone, M. Schott, F.A. Silverman, Prof. Taylor, S. Orechkin, H. Godelph, M. Levi, Lilian C. Smith
Name Access
Eisen, Sol.
Enushevsky, B. B.
Godelph, H.
Levi, M.
Orechkin, S.
Schott, M.
Silverman, F. A.
Smith, Lilian C.
Slone, Abram
Sweet, J. A.
Taylor, Prof.
University of Toronto Menorah Society
Wladowsky, M.
Subjects
Societies
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1977-5-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1278
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1278
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1918-1919
Physical Description
1 photograph
Scope and Content
Identified in this photograph are: M. Schott, Abe Greenbaum, Chas. Rotenberg, Jean Goldstick, L. Jessel, Prof W.R. Taylor, Mattie Levi, Sol Eisen, J. Markus, T.L. Granovsky, Lilian C. Smith
Name Access
Eisen, Sol
Goldstick, Jean.
Granovsky, T. L.
Greenbaum, Abe
Jessel, L.
Levi, Mattie
Markus, J.
Rotenberg, Chas.
Scott, M.
Smith, Lilian C.
Taylor, Prof. W. R.
University of Toronto Menorah Society
Subjects
Societies
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1977-5-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 2865
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
2865
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1928-1929
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 18 x 23 cm mounted on card frame
Scope and Content
Item is a group photograph of the University of Toronto Menorah Society Executive for 1928 to 1929. In the back row, from left to right are: H. Graner, McMaster Representative; M. Zackheim, Dental Representative; W. Schlein, School of Practical Science Representative; Miss L. Prager, Musical Director; N. Borinsky, Corresponding Secretary; Miss R. Abramowitz, Junior Meds. Representative; S. J. Bochner, Senior Meds. Representative; and P. H. Barrs, Osgoode Hall Representative. In the front row, from left to right are: N. S. Goldhar, B.A., 2nd Vice-President; Miss F. Gordon, 1st Vice-President; Miss R. Neveren, Senior Arts Representative; F. M. Catzman, B.A., President; Miss B. Kaplan, Junior Arts Representative; Miss A. Gussack, Recording Secretary; and J. Kaplan, Treasurer.
Notes
Photographer: Simpson Brothers, Toronto.
The names of the individuals are printed on the card mount.
Name Access
Abramowitz, Miss R.
Barrs, P. H.
Bochner, S. J.
Borinsky, N.
Catzman, F. M.
Goldhar, N. S.
Gordon, Miss F.
Graner, H.
Gussack, Miss A.
Kaplan, J.
Kaplan, Miss B.
Neveren, Miss R.
Prager, Miss L.
Schlein, W.
University of Toronto Menorah Society
Zackheim, M.
Subjects
Societies
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Physical Condition
Card mount is torn and fragile.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1981-3-12
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 2958
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
2958
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1925-1926
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Notes
For identification notes, see negative.
Name Access
University of Toronto Menorah Society
Subjects
Societies
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-3-9
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1219
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1219
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1925]
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Item is a studio portrait of members of the University of Toronto Menorah Society Executive.
Back row, left to right: B. Weinberg (Arts Representative); E. E. Gelber (Executive President); M. Pusitz (Medicine Representative).
Middle row, left to right: E. Lazaresco (B.A. General Secretary); I. Greenberg (Dental Representative); R. Rotenberg (Women's Arts Representative); I.L. Kenen (Publicity); S. Soskin (Treasurer).
Front row, left to right: B. Bain (Cor. Secretary); D. Garfinkel (President); L. Sher (Vice-President).
Absent: R. Breslin (B. A., Medicine Representative).
Name Access
Bain, B.
Breslin, R.
Garfinkel, D.
Gelber, E.E.
Greenberg, I.
Kenen, I.L.
Lacaresco, E.
Pusitz, M.
Rotenberg, R.
Sher, L.
Soskin, S.
University of Toronto Menorah Society
Weinberg, B.
Subjects
Portraits, Group
Societies
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1977-1-5
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 2957
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
2957
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[1924 or 1925]
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Identified in this photograph, in the back, left to right: Bernard Weinberg; Edward Gelber.
For complete identification, see negative.
Name Access
Gelber, Edward
University of Toronto Menorah Society
Weinberg, Bernard
Subjects
Societies
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-3-9
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
2004-5-45
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2004-5-45
Material Format
graphic material
Physical Description
1 photograph
Date
1924-1925
Subjects
Societies
Name Access
University of Toronto Menorah Society
Source
Archival Accessions
Level
Item
ID
Item 63
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
63
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1929
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 13 x 18 cm
Admin History/Bio
The Menorah Society grew out of the Yiddish Club at the University of Toronto in 1917. The had a semi-official status and superseded most of the other Jewish student groups. Most often they met off campus, but they did have a faculty advisor named Professor W. R. Taylor, who taught Hebrew at University College. Menorah Society was a branch of an intercollegiate Jewish society formed at Harvard in 1906 for the study of Jewish history and culture. In Toronto, they flourished until it was undermined by the Greek-letter fraternities in the late 1920s and in 1931 they dissolved.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of the University of Toronto Menorah Society executives for 1929-1930. Seated in the front row are Philip Barrs, Sam Bochner, Vera Alexander (Eisen), Sam Goldhar, Renee L., unknown, Joe Kardish. Standing in the back row are Edward Richmond, Toby Ellias (Isaacs), Sydney Hermont, Vera Weinstein, Mannie Brown, Lilian Rappaport (Horowitz), Harry Luzuer.
Name Access
University of Toronto Menorah Society
Subjects
Societies
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Physical Condition
Good.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
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