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62 records – page 1 of 2.
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Advocacy, General sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-9
File
111
Material Format
textual record
Date
1971
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence and newspaper clippings regarding the issue of antisemitism in the media.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Advocacy, General sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-9
File
118
Material Format
textual record
Date
1972
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence and newspaper clippings about possible prejudice against Jewish employees at the CBC.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Subjects
Antisemitism
Discrimination in employment
Public broadcasting
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Advocacy, General sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-9
File
150
Material Format
textual record
Date
1975
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence with the National JCRC in Montreal. Some reports on anti-Zionism and antisemitism are also included.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Zionism
Places
Montréal (Québec)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
General office records sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 17; Series 5-5; File 10
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
General office records sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-5
File
10
Material Format
textual record
Date
1956
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of memos and reports related to various issues including religious education in public schools, performance of the Merchant of Venice, antisemitism, and High Holiday advertising.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Merchant of Venice
Subjects
Antisemitism
High Holidays
Religion in the public schools
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
General office records sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 17; Series 5-5; File 58
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
General office records sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-5
File
58
Material Format
textual record
Date
1971
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of documents related to activities to assist Jews and to address antisemitism in foreign lands
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Pamphlets series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 17; Series 51; File 71
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Pamphlets series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
51
File
71
Material Format
textual record
Date
[1938?]
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of a pamphlet documenting an address delivered over the Columbia Broadcasting System under the auspices of The Council Against Intolerance in America. The presentation was made by Rev. Dr. Maurice S. Sheehy, Head of the Department of Religious Education at the Catholic University of America and reprinted by the Canadian Conference of Christians and Jews. The address delves into the history of antisemitism and a call for action to denounce antisemitism.
Name Access
Catholic University of America
Subjects
Antisemitism
Catholic Church--Relations--Judaism
Papacy
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
2011-6-5
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2011-6-5
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 scrapbook : 28 x 41 cm
Date
1949-1985
Scope and Content
Accession consists of one scrapbook documenting the Supreme Court of Canada case between Bernard Wolf, Annie Noble and property owners at the Beach O' Pines resort regarding antisemitic restrictive property covenants. The scrapbook includes news clippings, correspondence, CJC Public Relations Information bulletins, one photograph of Wolf, factums of court proceedings and a resolution of London's B'nai Brith Lodge #1012. Also included are event programmes and invitations that do not appear related to the court case.
Use Conditions
None
Subjects
Antisemitism
Human rights
Name Access
Wolf, Bernard
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2012-10-8
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2012-10-8
Material Format
graphic material
Physical Description
5 photographs : col. ; 10 x 15 cm
Date
[199-]
Scope and Content
Accession consists of three photographs of the exterior of the Lipa Green Building from the parking lot, and two photographs of the Lipa Green Building at the Bathurst Street entrance. A Nazi ensignia and the words PLO IRAQ and PLO have been spraypainted on the exterior brick. The photos of the Bathurst Street entrance were taken on 21 Jan. 1991.
Custodial History
There is no acquisition information for these photographs. The accession number has been assigned by the archivist.
Use Conditions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Architecture
Name Access
Palestine Liberation Organization
UJA Federation of Greater Toronto
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2015-6-7
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2015-6-7
Material Format
multiple media
Physical Description
30 cm of textual records and other material
Date
1964-2003
Scope and Content
Accession consists of Canadian Jewish Congress Joint Community Relations Committee files pertaining to incidents of antisemitism in Canada. Files include examples of material distributed by Neo-Nazi groups, clippings documenting hate crimes trials and antisemitism in scholarship, as well as JCRC correspondence.
Use Conditions
Partially closed. Researchers must receive permission from the OJA Director prior to accessing some of the records.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Name Access
Canadian Jewish Congress, Central Region (Toronto, Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2015-7-6
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2015-7-6
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Date
[2010?]-[2015?]
Scope and Content
Accession consists of thank you cards from schools where Alex was a speaker, sharing his story of Holocaust survival.
Administrative History
Alex Levin (1932-2016) was born Joshua Levin in 1932 in Rokitno, Poland. (He was also known as Yehoshua and Shike.) Rokitno was occupied in 1941 by Nazi Germany and Alex escaped the Rokitno ghetto with his brother in 1942, hiding in the woods for eighteen months. Soviet troops found him in January of 1944 and invited him to join the 13th Army as a field hospital unit helper. Because his Yiddish nickname was unfamiliar (Shike, from his Hebrew name, Yehoshua), they called him Shura or Shurik, diminutive forms of Alexander, which became his formal name. He became an officer in the USSR and an engineer. He immigrated to Canada in 1975 and brought his family to join him in 1980.
Subjects
Education
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
World War, 1939-1945
Antisemitism
Name Access
Levin, Alex, 1932-
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2015-9-30
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2015-9-30
Material Format
sound recording
Physical Description
2 audiotapes
Date
1968
Scope and Content
Accession consists of two reel-to-reel audiotapes recording John Beattie at Allan Gardens on June 30, 1968.
Custodial History
There is no information on the acquisition of this material
Subjects
Antisemitism
Demonstrations
Human rights
Name Access
Canadian Jewish Congress, Central Region (Toronto, Ont.)
Beattie, John
Places
Toronto, Ont.
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2016-6-12
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2016-6-12
Material Format
graphic material
textual record
Physical Description
ca. 60 cm of textual records
11 photographs (3 negatives) : b&w ; 20 x 25 cm or smaller
Date
1976-[ca. 1990]
Scope and Content
Accession consists of textual and graphic records that trace Natan Sharansky's history as a prisoner of political conscience; the broader Refusenik issue; and the community advocacy efforts of Debby and Stan Solomon from 1976 and into the late 1980s at the local, national and international scales. Included are memos and newsletters from the Committee for Soviet Jewry (Ontario Region and national-level); background information as well as petition templates, speeches and planning documentation produced by the Committee to Release Anatoly Sharansky and the Beth Tikvah Synagogue in conjunction with community organizations, including the CJC and its Soviet Jewry social action committees, to support on-going advocacy efforts; correspondence with Canadian and American political representatives at the provincial/state and national levels; white papers/grey literature from non-governmental organizations about the persecution of the Soviet Jewry; planning documentation from the First Annual Sharansky Lectureship on Human Rights in 1980; correspondence, articles and ephemera associated with the granting of Sharansky's honourary law doctorate from York University in 1982; 1985 Freedom Rally/Weekend in Ottawa planning documentation and correspondence; 1987 National Conference on the Soviet Jewry and Mobilization for Freedom planning documentation; 1987 Community Rally at Massey Hall promotional materials; and promotional materials from Sharansky's autobiographical "Fear No Evil" 1988 book launch. Graphic material includes photographs of Sharansky's release during the February 11, 1986 American-Soviet prisoner exchange on the Glienicke Bridge in Berlin.
Identified in the photographs are: Debby Solomon; Alan Solomon; Natan Sharansky; Avital Sharansky; U.S. Ambassador Richard Burt;
Custodial History
Material was collected and/or created by Debby Solomon, Natan Sharansky's cousin. Debby donated it to the OJA.
Administrative History
Debby Solomon is the cousin of Anatoly (Natan) Sharansky, the Soviet born Israeli politician, human activist and author who spent nine years in Soviet prisons. Debby's father Boris Landis (born 1900) and Sharansky's father were first cousins.Their grandfathers were brothers. Debby's father immigrated 1929 to Toronto from Russia as his older brothers were already in Toronto. Debby and her husband Stan Solomon got involved in the community's activism efforts to free Sharansky and other Refuseniks.They were worked for many years on these efforts by planning programs through their synagogue Beth Tikvah and with Sam Filer, a lawyer and volunteer at the CJC who was also a member of Beth Tikvah.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Politics and government
Human rights
Demonstrations
Synagogues
Committees
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2018-10-15
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2018-10-15
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Date
1987, 1996, 2001
Scope and Content
Accession consists of transcripts of interviews with Dr. Stephen Speisman, former director of the Ontario Jewish Archives, and Joe Black, a participant at the Christie Pits Riot in 1933. Also included is a newspaper article written in Starweek by Jocko Thomas, a reporter for the Toronto Daily Star who covered the Christie Pits Riot, as well as a review by David Lewis Stein of Levitt and Shaffir's book, published in the Toronto Star. Finally, also included is Hilary's final essay on the Riot, submitted for an undergraduate Canadian Jewish History course in 2001.
Subjects
Riots
Antisemitism
Places
Christie Street (Toronto, Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2019-1-7
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2019-1-7
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder
Date
1931-1932
Scope and Content
Accession consists of two items that belonged to Philip Martin. The first item is a 1931 Central High School of Commerce yearbook. The second item is a letter written by the proprietor of Scarfe's French Beauty Shop in Toronto, to Lillian Noble, in which the former denies the latter employment on the grounds the latter is Jewish.
Custodial History
Linda Martin, Philip Martin's daughter, found the letter inside the yearbook when she was sorting through her father's things after he died. It is unknown how Philip came into possession of the letter.
Administrative History
Philip "Phil" Martin was born on November 5, 1913. Growing up during the Great Depression, he did not have the means to attend university. Instead, he became a businessman in Hamilton, Ontario, where he owned a sporting goods store. Philip continued to run his business until the age of forty-seven. When he was forty-eight, he went back to school and became a chiropractor. After graduating, he practiced for over twenty years.
Philip was deeply involved in the Jewish community. In Hamilton, he belonged to Beth Jacob Synagogue, where he was an active member. He was a volunteer for United Jewish Appeal and was an active member of the Toronto Jewish Free Loan Society. Joining Beth Tzedec, he sat on its ritual committee. Philip was also president of Upper Canada Lodge and volunteered at the Harold & Grace Baker Centre Shabbat services.
Philip and his wife Laura had three children: Marleen, Sheila, and Linda. Philip died on December 20, 2002.
Descriptive Notes
Physical description: The yearbook contains approximately thirty-five signatures, presumably of other Central High students.
Conservation: The letter has been encapsulated.
Availability other formats: The letter is also available as PDF.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Discrimination in employment
School yearbooks
Name Access
Central High School of Commerce (Toronto, Ont.)
Martin, Philip, 1913-2002
Noble, Lillian
Scarfe's French Beauty Shop
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2018-4-12
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2018-4-12
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Date
[193-]
Scope and Content
Accession consists of one antisemitic tract written by Rev. Charles G. Finney and distributed by the Canadian Nationalist Party, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Subjects
Anti-Jewish propaganda
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2018-5-5
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2018-5-5
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
6 cm of textual records
Date
1978-1987
Scope and Content
Accession consists of various newsclippings and letters written by Jacobson in response to the editors of various Toronto-based publications and individuals, related to issues of Jewish identity, Orthodox Judaism, and the Israeli-Lebanese conflict in 1978. Of particular note is a letter written by June Callwood to Jacobson defending her stance on recent strikes in Toronto by doctors and meatpackers; and a copy of an open letter by Holocaust-denier, Ernst Zundel.
Administrative History
Jack Jacobson (1920-2007) was born in Toronto in 1920. As a youth, he belonged to Hashomer Hatzair. He was married to Lillian Jacobson.
Descriptive Notes
Related Material note: See accession 2018-4-7.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Name Access
Jacobson, Jack, 1920-2007
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
General office subject and correspondence files series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 17; Series 2; File 894
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
General office subject and correspondence files series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
2
File
894
Material Format
textual record
Date
[196-?]
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Subjects
Antisemitism
Access Restriction
Records in off-site storage; advance notice required to view.
Accession Number
2005-2-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Morris Norman collection
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 22; Item 163
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Morris Norman collection
Level
Item
Fonds
22
Item
163
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1973
Physical Description
1 print : 57 x 36 cm
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 6161
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
6161
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-]
Physical Description
1 negative : col. ; 12 x 10 cm
Custodial History
The provenance of this sign is unknown. It was discovered by a member of the Archives Committee in 1983, just prior to the move from 152 Beverley Street to the Lipa Green building at 4600 Bathurst St. It has been suggested by one former member of the committtee that the sign was taken from a nearby golf course or other private club and hidden in the floorboards by a Jewish organization that rented space in the building in the 1950s.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a wooden sign that reads "Gentiles Only."
Subjects
Antisemitism
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Related Material
The actual sign is in the OJA's holdings, artifact 714.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Hate Crimes and Hate Literature sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-6
File
6
Material Format
textual record
Date
1959
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence regarding antisemitism
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Hate Crimes and Hate Literature sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-6
File
7
Material Format
textual record
Date
1960
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence regarding antisemitism
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Hate Crimes and Hate Literature sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-6
File
11
Material Format
textual record
Date
1962-1965
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of antisemitic material and related correspondence
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Hate Crimes and Hate Literature sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-6
File
13
Material Format
textual record
Date
1962-1963
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence related to action to combat antisemitism
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Hate Crimes and Hate Literature sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-6
File
14
Material Format
textual record
Date
1963-1964
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of antisemitic material and related correspondence
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Hate Crimes and Hate Literature sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-6
File
15
Material Format
textual record
Date
1963
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of antisemitic material and related correspondence
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Hate Crimes and Hate Literature sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-6
File
16
Material Format
textual record
Date
1964
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence with Canadian and provincial governments (MPs, MPPs) regarding antisemitic hate literature.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Hate Crimes and Hate Literature sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-6
File
22
Material Format
textual record
Date
1964
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence related to antisemitic incidents
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Hate Crimes and Hate Literature sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-6
File
89
Material Format
textual record
Date
1976
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of a newspaper clipping related to anti-Semitic graffiti on Beth Sholom Synagogue
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Synagogues--Vandalism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
War Crimes and Criminals sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-7
File
31
Material Format
textual record
Date
1971
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consist of newspaper clippings and other documents related to antisemitism
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Small Ontario Jewish Communities sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-8
File
54
Material Format
textual record
Date
1969
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence regarding Jewish related issues in Sarnia. Of special interest is the correspondence about the recent rise of antisemitism among black Americans.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
African Americans
Antisemitism
Places
Owen Sound (Ont.)
Sarnia (Ont.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Advocacy, General sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-9
File
8
Material Format
textual record
Date
1940-1944
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence from and/or about Rev. Silcox regarding Christian-Jewish relations, antisemitism, and other matters of common interest.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Name Access
Silcox, Claris Edwin, 1888-
Subjects
Antisemitism
Judaism--Relations--Christianity
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Advocacy, General sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-9
File
68
Material Format
textual record
Date
1966
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence and reports about general advocacy and antisemitism issues.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Community Relations Committee series
Research Records sub-series
Advocacy, General sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
5-4-9
File
80
Material Format
textual record
Date
1968
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence with Sydney J. Midanik on antisemitism issues.
Notes
Previously processed and cited as part of MG8 S.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
1982-7-1
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1982-7-1
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Date
1939-1947
Scope and Content
Accession consists of Canadian Jewish Congress records related to a study carried out by Saul Hayes and Jacob Finkelman on discriminatory employment practices in Ontario. The title of the resulting report is "Evidence of Unequal Opportunity in Employment and a Suggested Fair Employment Practices Legislation". Included are reports, memorandi, correspondence, sample applications from different employers, and a booklet by Gurston Allen entitled "Jewish Occupational Difficulties" (1939).
Subjects
Antisemitism
Name Access
Hayes, Saul
Finkelman, Jacob
Allen, Gurston
Canadian Jewish Congress, Central Region (Toronto, Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1976-5-1
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1976-5-1
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Date
1943-1944
Scope and Content
Accession consists of records relating to the work of the JPRC Summer Resorts Sub-Committee, which Hart D. Wintrob chaired. Material includes advice offered to Jews on appropriate behaviour at resorts frequented by non-Jews, and efforts to have "Gentiles only" signs removed from resorts and other businesses. Also included is a list of JPRC members from which the members of the subcommitte were chosen, and an agenda for a meeting of this group.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Name Access
Canadian Jewish Congress, Central Region (Toronto, Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
General office subject and correspondence files series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 17; Series 2; File 94
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
General office subject and correspondence files series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
2
File
94
Material Format
textual record
Date
1998
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Name Access
Morgan, Edward M., 1955-
Subjects
Antisemitism
Access Restriction
Records in off-site storage; advance notice required to view.
Accession Number
2005-2-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
General office subject and correspondence files series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 17; Series 2; File 312
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
General office subject and correspondence files series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
2
File
312
Material Format
textual record
Date
1996
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Name Access
Farrakhan, Louis
Subjects
Antisemitism
Access Restriction
Records in off-site storage; advance notice required to view.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
2005-2-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
General office subject and correspondence files series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 17; Series 2; File 346
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
General office subject and correspondence files series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
2
File
346
Material Format
textual record
Date
1995
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Subjects
Antisemitism
Access Restriction
Records in off-site storage; advance notice required to view.
Accession Number
2005-2-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Name
Dr. Sam and Rivka Hurwich
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
2 July 1974
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Dr. Sam and Rivka Hurwich
Number
AC 022
Subject
Antisemitism
Hospitals
Rabbis
Schools
Teachers
Interview Date
2 July 1974
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Stephen Speisman
Total Running Time
Side One - 43 minutes
Side Two - 3 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003.
Digitized in 2014.
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Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Dr. Sam Hurwich was involved in a number of organzations including the Canadian Jewish Congress, JIAS, and several Labour Zionist groups.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Hospital for Sick Children
Hurwich, Rivka
Hurwich, Sam
Geographic Access
Toronto (Ont.)
Original Format
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AC 22 Side 1:
00:14 Dr. Hurwich explains that while he was in medical school between 1919 and 1926 a number of organizations started Sunday schools to provide Jewish education for children in the community. The earliest schools he recalls were at Holy Blossom and were established by Edmund Scheuer at the Zionist Centre. Dr. Hurwich briefly taught at the Zionist Centre.
1:04 The Ladies Group at the McCaul St. Shul asked Dr. Hurwich to organize a school and serve as principal. Dr. Hurwich list the women involved with the program. 150 students, both boys and girls, met once a week on Sundays initially. Later, classes were held twice a week.
3:00 Dr. Hurwich explains that the leaders of the synagogue were very supportive. Outside of Talmud Torah, there was no other formal Jewish education.
3:30 Dr. Hurwich list the melameds (private teachers) at the time and discusses his own Jewish education.
4:40 Dr. Hurwich mentions Dr. L. J. Solway, the son of one of Sam’s teachers, and describes his path to study medicine. Dr. Hurwich and Stephen Speisman discuss other members of the Solway family. Two brothers were shochtim (ritual slaughterers), and one brother was a sofer (scribe).
6:39 Dr. Hurwich explains that he was approached to be the school’s principal because of his background knowledge and previous experience as a teacher.
7:20 The students were taught Hebrew, Chumash (Torah), tefillah (Jewish prayer), and Yiddish.
8:58 Dr. Hurwich explains that he has no knowledge of school established by Ida Siegal in 1912/1913.
9:24 Dr. Hurwich’s family attended the McCaul Street shul.
9:32 Mrs. Hurwich explains that the National Radical School, the first secular Yiddish school, opened in 1911/1912 on Simcoe Street. Mrs. Hurwich attended this school.
10:25 The Farband School, which was Zionist in spirit, was organized in the 1920s as an offshoot of the Radical School, which later became the Peretz Shule. The latter was anti-Zionist. The Farband School taught both Yiddish and Hebrew. Dr. Hurwich briefly discusses the history of the Farband starting in the US, opening in Montreal, and then opening later in Toronto.
12:30 Dr. Hurwich mentions other secular schools and their locations.
13:19 Dr. Hurwich discusses the conflict between the religious community and the National Radical School (later Workman’s Circle). Examples include religious groups opposed the secular groups because they organized events on Saturday. The Workman’s Circle, meanwhile, opposed Zionist groups, etc.
14:58 Dr. Hurwich comments that the signing of the Balfour Declaration had a uniting effect on the Jewish community.
16:19 Mrs. Hurwich describes the inception and growth of the National Radical School between 1911 and 1916. The school was able to spark the spirit of Jewish/Yiddish revival through the teaching of language, music, literature, and folklore. At its peak there were five hundred children attending the school three times a week.
21:00 Mrs. Hurwich discusses how, after the First World War, a school was established by Mr. Morris Goldstick. Mrs. Hurwich explains that each Sunday children would collect money for the school at 194 Beverly Street.
22:11 Stephen Speisman comments that this type of organization grew into the Canadian Jewish Congress.
23:00 Mrs. Hurwich speaks of the influence this school had on her and other children’s lives. She comments, for example, that the children mourned Peretz’s death as if he were a relative.
24:29 Mrs. Hurwich discusses the leadership and teachers of the National Radical School.
25:58 Stephen Speisman cites an incident in which the National Radical School was accused of attempting to convert children to Christianity. Dr. and Mrs. Hurwich were not aware of this accusation.
26:58 Dr. Hurwich suggests that the signing of the Balfour Declaration was the stimulus for the creation of the Sunday school at the Zionist Centre. The school was designed to augment Jewish education with Zionist ideology.
28:12 Stephen Speisman cites a second incident involving objections from the religious community to a proposal to hold a picnic in Lambton Park on Shabbat. Dr and Mrs. Hurwich concur that this may have occurred.
29:10 Dr. Hurwich explains that the school at Holy Blossom run by Edmund Scheuer did not have a Zionist spirit. The Zionist Sunday school was a reaction to this school.
31:10 Dr. Hurwich describes the efforts of Mr. ?Hyman, an engineer turned Hebrew teacher, and Mr. Israel Freeman, a chalutz (pioneer) from Palestine who moved to Canada, to organize a Hebrew-speaking club for young people at the Simcoe Street Talmud Torah.
34:26 Dr. Hurwich discusses the various Yiddish and Hebrew groups available for Jewish youth in Toronto.
36:10 Dr. Hurwich suggests there was no animosity among the Zionists. Young Judaea had been founded by that time.
37:16 Dr. and Mrs. Hurwich list people who were active in youth groups and education in that era.
39:30 Dr. Hurwich discusses some synagogues from that era: a shul on Richmond Street that his grandfather helped found and a shul on Elm Street. He recalls learning Gemara at the Elm Street Shul in 1912.
42:24 Rabbi Yudi Rosenberg was rabbi at the Elm Street Shul. Dr. Hurwich mentions other rabbis from that era: Rabbis Weinreb, Gordon, and Graubart.
AC 22 Side 2
00:10 Dr. Hurwich discusses his encounters with antisemitism while in public school and in an attempt to find a paediatric internship at the Hospital for Sick Children.
Iinterview ends abruptly at 03:06.
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Isaac (Ike) Segal with Mrs. Esther S. Segal and Lillian Beube
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
1972
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Isaac (Ike) Segal with Mrs. Esther S. Segal and Lillian Beube
Number
AC 025
Subject
Charities
Antisemitism
Communities
Interview Date
1972
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Morris Silbert
AccessionNumber
1978-2-2
Total Running Time
Side 1: 46 minutes 15 seconds
Side 2: 45 minutes 50 seconds
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Isaac Segel, the son of Russian immigrants was born and lived in Toronto’s Ward district until 1900 when the family moved to Orillia, Ontario. Isaac recalls his experiences as one of 3 Jewish boys attending the local Orillia high school and working in his father’s general store. In order to provide a proper Jewish life for Isaac, the family returned to Toronto. In 1917 Isaac enlisted in the army and after his father’s death in 1918, Isaac made his home in Hamilton, Ontario. He was a business executive, active on several executive committees of Jewish and Zionist organizations in Hamilton.
Issac maried Esther (Kenen) Segal who was influential in the National Council of Jewish Women, Hamilton Branch, and their successful attempt to repeal the law that refused the right of women to serve on jury duty.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Segal, Isaac
Segal, Esther
Beube, Lillian
Silbert, Morris
Geographic Access
Hamilton, Ont.
Toronto, Ont.
Orillia, Ont.
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
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Transcript
AC 025: Side 1
0.0-16.14: Isaac Segel, the son of Russian immigrants was born and lived Toronto’s Ward district until 1900 when the family moved to Orillia Ontario. Isaac recalls his experiences as one of 3 Jewish boys attending the local Orillia high school and working in his father’s general store. In order to provide a proper Jewish lifestyle for Isaac, the family returned to Toronto. In 1917, Isaac enlisted in the army and after his father’s death in 1918, Isaac made his home in Hamilton Ontario.
16.15-31.04: Isaac recalls Hamilton’s Jewish community of 800 people, its Orthodox synagogues, and the Jewish immigrants who arrived in Hamilton after the First World War.
31.05-33.24: Division within Hamilton’s Jewish Community. Discussed are the reasons for the division between the Anshe Shalom Reform Congregation and Hamilton’s Orthodox Synagogues. Also discussed is the United Hebrew Association and its control over all philanthropic work within Hamilton’s Jewish Community.
34.05-45.19: Establishment of Hamilton Jewish Social Services 1931. Lillian Beube discusses the United Hebrew Association and its misappropriation of community funds, the formation of Hamilton’s Jewish Social Services and the conflicting ideologies of JSS and UHA.
45.20-46.15: Discussed is Marietta Levy and how she brought together various factions of Hamilton’s Jewish community.
AC 025: Side 2
1.00-13.20: Establishment of Jewish Social Services continued. There is further discussion of UHA’s misappropriation of community funds, its continued refusal to relinquish its prerogative of handling community monies and the events that led to its disintegration of the UHA. Beube discusses Jewish Social Services and its mission to establish itself as a service organization within the Jewish community.
13.20-18.00: Yiddish within the Hamilton Jewish Community. Beube discusses the reasons for the disappearance of the Yiddish language within Hamilton’s Jewish community.
18.01-20.34: Activities of the Council of Jewish Women are discussed.
20.35-22.39: Hamilton’s Orthodox and Conservative communities. Discussion revolves around the Anshe Shalom Temple, its reform practices and the more traditional Orthodox and Conservative movements within the community.
22.40-30.55: Antisemitism in Hamilton. Discussion revolves around antisemitism and assimilation of the Jewish population.
31.00-45.50: Personal opinions are discussed regarding, inter-marriage, the future of Hamilton’s Jewish community, and Zionism.
End
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Harry Finkelman
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
1972
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Harry Finkelman
Number
AC 028
Subject
Antisemitism
Education
Occupations
Pharmacists
Interview Date
1972
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Morris Silbert
AccessionNumber
1978-2-2
Total Running Time
028A: 46 minutes 028B: 7 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Notes
Parts inaudible
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Harry Finkelman was born in 1909 in Hamilton and was one of the first Jewish pharmacists in Hamilton. His father was a tailor and an active member of several Jewish organizations including the Hess Street Synagogue and the Talmud Torah. Harry attended the Talmud Torah and was involved with Young Judea and groups/clubs from the Talmud Torah. In this interview he discusses the early history of Hamilton and descrimination against Jews entering the professions.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Finkelman, Harry
Silbert, Morris
Geographic Access
Hamilton (Ont.)
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
G:\Description\Oral Histories\AC 028, Harry Finkelman\AC 028, Finkleman transcript.pdf
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Harry Finkelman shares some of his early memories of the Hamilton Jewish community in the 1910s. He notes name of shops, shop owners, streets and describes some of the synagogues

In this clip, Harry Finkelman describes the difficulty for a Jew in the 1920s to find a placement to complete a mandatory 3 year apprenticeship before he could enter Pharmacy at University.

Name
Jack Abel
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
1986
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Jack Abel
Number
AC 034
AC 035
Subject
Labor
Labor unions
Occupations
Recreation
Antisemitism
Societies
Cemeteries
Interview Date
1986
Quantity
2
Interviewer
Morris Silbert
Total Running Time
034A: 31:10 minutes 034B: 31:10 minutes 035A: 31:10 minuets 035B: 13:52 minuets
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Notes
The end of the reference copy of AC 35 is not very audible. The original cassette may be clearer.
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Jack Abel's career in the garment industry began in the 1920s taking him through the dressmaker's strike of 1932. Abel's experiences with antisemitism were numerous, he participated in the Christie Pits riot, he was active in politics and became an early member of the Mozirer Society. Abel became financial secretary of the Mozirer Society and was involved in the purchase and administration of the Roselawn and Bathurst Lawn cemeteries.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Abel, Jack
Mozirer Sick Benefit Society
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
0-31:10 -- Jack Abel was born November 4, 1908 in Toronto. Abel’s parents immigrated to Toronto from Russia between 1903 and 1904, and they were married in 1906. The Abel’s resided in various locations within Toronto’s “Ward” district. As a young boy Abel experienced “trouble” with the Gentiles living in the Ward. One of Abel’s happiest childhood memories was playing ball in Stanley Park for the “Judeans” ball team.
11:55 -- Jack Abel attended the King Edward School to the 6th grade. While attending the King Edward School Abel describes an anti-Semitic incident directed at the School’s Jewish students, by their teacher. At the age of 15 and as the eldest of 8 children, Abel had to leave school to help support the family. In 1924 Abel began his working career selling newspapers at the corner of Bathurst and College St and then as a bicycle messenger for Koffler Drugs on Lippincott St.
Side 2
0-6:45 -- Jack describes the immigration of his Grandparents from Russia to Toronto. His maternal Grandfather became the Gabbai of the Palmerston Avenue Shul and the Markham St. Shul. Dissension within the Palmerston Shul caused some members to leave and to form the Markham St. Shul. Jack’s Bar Mitzvah was held at the Markham St. Shul.
6:45-15:34 -- As a young man in 1927/28 Abel was a member of the The Hart Club, a Zionist organization named after Rabbi Aaron Hart, of London England. After short stints within the Conservative and Liberal Parties, Abel became secretary for the CCF, (Co-operative Commonwealth Federation) predecessor of the NDP. Abel left the party after it issued a derogatory statement aimed at the Jewish population. In 1920 Abel joined the Mozirer Sick Benefit Society and became President of the Young Men’s section.
15:35-26:24 -- Jack describes weekly altercations between Jews and Italians against Gentiles, anti-Semitism within the YMCA, the Christie Pits riots, the Balmy Beach Club riot, anti Semitism at Sunnyside Beach and signage at a Stouffville Park reading “No Jews or Dogs Allowed”.
26:25-31:10 -- Abel began his 1st full-time job at age 17 working as a floor boy and later as a foreman at Cornell Tailors for two years.
End
AC 035
Side 1
0-13:00 -- After leaving Cornell Tailors, Abel worked for Eatons doing piecework. In 1929 Abel lost his job because of the Depression and moved to Detroit working as a tire cutter for Bridge Motors. Returning to Toronto in 1931 Abel talks about the events, leading up the dressmaker strike of 1932. Mentioned are J.B. Salsberg, left-winger and labour activist in the garment workers union and his opponent Allan Grossman of the Conservative Party. The dressmaker’s strike lasted 6 weeks and ended with individual manufacturers agreeing to salary increases. Abel continues to talk about his various jobs within the garment industry and his retirement at age 67.
13:00-31:10 -- Abel explains the idea behind the formation of the Mozirer Society. As a landsmanschaft society it provided an array of benefits to its members such as free loans, medical coverage, sick benefits, burial plots and spousal death benefits. Abel speaks about the strong social aspect of the society, its fund raising events and the political views of its membership.
Side 2:
0-13:52 -- Abel goes into further detail regarding politics within the society. As financial secretary of the Mozirer Society, Abel gives an accounting of the purchase and administration of the Roselawn and Bathurst Lawn Cemetery plots.
End
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Morris Fishman
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
12 July 1977
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Morris Fishman
Number
AC 036
Subject
Antisemitism
Nonprofit organizations
Communities
Synagogues
Societies
Food
Occupations
Clubs
Interview Date
12 July 1977
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Richard Menkis
Total Running Time
Side 1 46 minutes Side 2 17 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Morris Fishman was born September 29, 1916 in New Jersey. His family moved to Welland, Ontario when he was an infant. He attended elementary and high school in Welland and completed two years at the University of Toronto. He worked in a family men's wear business in Welland. Morris was actively involved in the Jewish community including participation in the Anshe Yosher Congregation, the Jewish Cultural Society and the Jacob Goldblatt B'nai Brith Lodge. He was married and had two daughters.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Fishman, Morris
Geographic Access
Welland
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
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Digital file
Transcript
G:\Description\Oral Histories\AC 036 Fishman\AC 036 transcript.pdf
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Morris Fishman praises the efforts of the non-Jewish community in Welland, Ontario to support the building of a new synagogue following a fire that destroyed the old synagogue in 1954.

In this clip, Morris Fishman discusses the Jacob Goldblatt B’nai Brith Lodge in Welland, Ontario.

Name
Montague Raisman
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
11 July 1982
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Montague Raisman
Number
AC 064
Subject
Nonprofit organizations
Human rights
Antisemitism
World War, 1939-1945
Interview Date
11 July 1982
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Jack Lipinsky
Total Running Time
064: 39 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Notes
Low sound quality
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Montague Raisman came to Canada from England in 1926. He was actively involved in B'nai Brith Toronto Lodge and held positions of office. He served as the Commanding Officer for the B'nai Brith Air Cadet Squadron in Toronto during the Second World War. He was instrumental in the formation of the Joint Public Relations Committee, a united Jewish voice in response to pro-Nazi activity.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Raisman, Montague
B'nai Brith
Lipinsky, Jack
Canadian Jewish Congress
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
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Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Montague describes the formation of the B'nai Brith Air Cadet Squadron during the Second World War. He discusses the recruitment and training of the officers and cadets. He explains how this squadron was instrumental in changing recruitment qualifications to allow entry of new immigrants and black cadets.

In this clip, Montague Raisman discusses the events leading up to an association between B

Name
Dr. Hana (nee David) Gelber
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
29 July 1973
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Dr. Hana (nee David) Gelber
Number
AC 013
AC 014
Subject
Antisemitism
Families
Israel
Occupations
Interview Date
29 July 1973
Quantity
2
Interviewer
Stephen Speisman
Total Running Time
013 Side One 30 minutes
014 Side One 30 minutes
014 Side Two 30 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Conditional access. Researchers must receive permission from the interviewee or his/her heir prior to accessing the interview. Please contact the OJA for more information.
Biography
Hana Gelber (nee David) was born in Safed (Tzfat), Palestine in 1907. She studied sciences at the University of Paris-Sorbonne and prepared her thesis at Hebrew University. She graduated from University of Paris-Sorbonne in 1929. Hana moved to Toronto in December 1929 and married Eddie Gelber in March 1930. Hana and Eddie moved to New York where Eddie was completing his final year at the Jewish Theological Seminary and Hana conducted research at the Rockefeller Institute. They returned to Toronto in July 1930. Hana graduated from Medical School at the University of Toronto in 1934. She completed her medical internship in Palestine. Hana and Eddie lived in Palestine from 1934-1939. They returned to Toronto in 1939 where they remained until 1954 at which time they made Aliyah. Hana worked at Women's College Hospital until 1954. Hana had 3 children; Edna, Lynn and David.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Gelber, Hana
Gelberg, Eddie
Original Format
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Source
Oral Histories
Name
Kalmen Kaplansky
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
September 20, 1985
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Kalmen Kaplansky
Number
AC 109
Subject
Antisemitism
Human rights
Immigrants--Canada
Labor
Labor unions
Refugees--Canada
Interview Date
September 20, 1985
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Phyllis Platnick
Total Running Time
109A: 60 minutes 109B: 6 minutes
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Kalmen was born January 5, 1912 in Poland. He worked in Montreal as a typesetter and linotype operator. He was active in the labour and human rights movements in Canada. Kalmen served as the director of the Jewish Labour Committee in 1945. In collaboration with the Canadian Jewish Congress, the Canadian government and trade unions the Jewish Labour Committee helped Jewish displaced persons immigrate to Canada by securing them employment. Kalman sat on the Refugee Status Advisory Committee for the federal government.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Kaplansky, Kalmen
Platnick, Phyllis
Jewish Labour Committee
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
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Transcript
AC109 Side 1: 00:20 Kalmen was involved with discrimination work from 1946-1957. 1:40 Kalmen served as the director of the Jewish Labour Committee. 3:28 Kalmen comments on the reaction of the Canadian Jewish community to relocating displaced Jews after the war. Received support from the Canadian Jewish Congress and the Jewish Immigration Aid Society. 4:26 Kalmen lists some of the obstacles to bringing displaced Jews to Canada. Kalmen cites the trade unions as the first obstacle. He provides reasons to explain the trade unions’ historical opposition to immigration. 8:04 Other opponents were the Communist Party and Textile Workers who raised concerns about potential “slave labour” conditions. Kalman describes how the Jewish Labour Committee was able to persuade opponents to accept new immigrants to Canada. Jewish Labour Committee suggested (a) immigration should be based on economics, not race, religion or ethnicity and (b) tripartite proposal involving consultation and cooperation among trade unions, management and government. 10:25 Kalmen lists leaders of various trade unions in Montreal (Bernard Shane of Garment Workers, Maurice Silcoff of Hat & Cap Makers) Toronto (Max Federman of the Furrier Union) and Winnipeg (Sam Herbst of the Ladies Garment Workers Union). Hyman Reiff. 11:50 Discusses some of the problems with the selection process in the camps. Bella Meiksin worked in the camps. 13:50 Notes that bringing in new immigrants saved the garment industry because there was a shortage of skilled labourers. 14:40 Describes some of the challenges and complaints of new immigrants. 16:24 Kalmen discusses how he helped new immigrants arrange to bring over relatives and describes some of their desperate measures. 18:30 Kalmen sat on the Refugee Status Advisory Committee which advised minister on refugee claims. 19:49 Kalmen explains that the goal was to get people out of the camps and the arrangement with the trades served as a vehicle to get them out. He discusses areas of contention such as preferred destinations, work commitment, involvement with JIAS, etc. 24:10 Discusses who was responsible for transportation costs for the new immigrants. 25:10 Explains how names of displaced persons in the camps were obtained. 26:47 Discusses the preponderance of bribery and corruption after the war. Kalmen relates some anecdotes involving corruption and perjury. He notes that while the Canadian government was very strict on the issue of perjury, the U.S. government was softer. 31:25 Notes that jealousy, denunciation was common among new immigrants. 34:38 Reports that the Jewish Agency was not favourably disposed to the project. The project was supported by the Canadian Jewish Congress and JIAS. 39:39 Cabinet Committee on Immigration Policy – Chaired by C.D. Howe (acting Minister of Mines). Others involved were McKinnon, Gibson, St. Laurent, Mitchell & Fournier. McNamara was Deputy Minister of Labour. Mentions Sam (sp?) Hirsch as an activist in N.Y. & sent to Winnipeg to organize the dressmakers. 53:28 Working in the trades provided entry into Canada and entry into a job but many did not stay continue with the work. 55:50 Selection committee members – (?)Silcoff, Federman,(?) Shane, Solomon, Enkin. 56:50 The project brought in more than 2,500 Jewish workers (plus their families). Order: ladies garments, men’s garments, milliners, furriers. 58:22 Discusses some of the advisory committees of the time. Briefly mentions the governmental ministries, their responsibilities and names of the people involved. AC109 Side 2 00:48 Kalmen suggests the determining issue in Canadian immigration policy was the French – English rivalry. 2:06 Mentions that Mackenzie King arranged for voluntary quotas for Japanese with India and China 3:10 Notes that Canada’s leadership / approach was white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant. Discusses that systemic discrimination and endemic prejudice was part of life.
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Kalmen Kaplansky discusses some of the obstacles to the relocation of displaced Jews to Canada after the Second World War. He describes a tripartite proposal involving consultation and cooperation among trade unions, management and government that enabled the immigration project.

In this clip, Kalmen Kaplansky explains that bribery, corruption and perjury were a way of life after the Second World War. He relates anecdotes as illustration.

Name
Max Enkin
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
April 13, 1986
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Max Enkin
Number
AC 113
AC 114
Subject
Antisemitism
Immigrants--Canada
Labor unions
Nonprofit organizations
Occupations
Refugees--Canada
Interview Date
April 13, 1986
Quantity
2
Interviewer
Phyllis Platnick
Total Running Time
AC113: 19:40 minuets
AC114:
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Digitized 11/28/2011
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Max Enkin was founder and a leading member of the Jewish Vocational Service of Toronto. The original purpose of the organization was to help survivors of the Second World War find employment. In 1947, as Associate Administrator and representative for the Men's Clothing sector in Ontario, Max Enkin became involved in The "Tailor Project". The project was designed to identify and select skilled tailors from the DP camps of Europe and help to settle them in Canada.
Max Enkin was awarded the OBE in Recognition of services to Wartime Prices.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Enkin, Max
Platnick, Phyllis
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
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Transcript
AC 113
History of Immigration of Skilled Tailors from the Displaced Person Camps after WWII 1946 –
0.07: How the project got started
0.20: Canadian Government in relation to skilled workers in Canada 1946
1.19: Canadian Jewish Congress in relation to DP camps in Europe.
2.45: Canadian Government restricted immigration 1946.
3.11: Canadian Jewish Congress in relation to Garment industry.
4.13: Canadian Government in relation to UNRRA and immigration to Canada (UNRRA: United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration founded 1943 and became part of the UN in 1945).
5.29: JIAS Jewish Immigrant Aid Services.
5.39: Congress and Immigration to Canada.
5.58: Garment industry Union and Immigration to Canada
6.30: McNamara Deputy Minister of Labour from Winnipeg (circa 1946).
7.18: Labor and Management Representatives of the ILGE 1946 (ILGE - International Ladies Garment Workers Union?). Mr. Sam Hirsch of Winnipeg, representative of the Union for Men & Women. Mr. Bernard Shane of Montreal, Executive Director of the ILGE. Mr.? Solomon of Montreal, representative of Manufacturers Union of Montreal. Sam Posluns of Toronto representative of the Women’s Union. Max Enkin of Toronto, representative of the Men’s Union Ontario.
9.05: Beginning of the project by the ILGE to bring Jews from DP camps in Europe to Canada. Trip to London England by the 5 member body of ILGE. Difficulty in gaining clearance papers to gain entry into Germany & Austria.
11.34: C.D Howe Canadian Cabinet Minister serving under McKenzie King Meeting with ILGE in Canada House, London England.
13.20: Enkin meeting with C.D. Howe and question of quota of Jews allowed into Canada.
14.13: Federal Liberal Government, Quebec and Ottawa vis a vis Jewish immigration.
15.5: McKenzie King, Prime Minister and Ernest Lapointe, Member of Parliament/Quebec and immigration of Jews.
15.56: Jewish population, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg 3 largest centers 17.0-19.4: Antisemitism in Canada.
End: Rest of tape 19:50-30:42 inaudible.
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Max Enkin discusses the organizations, government departments and union representatives involved in the development and implementation of the Tailor Project.

In this clip, Max Enkin discusses the Liberal Government

Name
Lillian (Slovens) Gollom
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
December 8, 1986
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Lillian (Slovens) Gollom
Number
AC 122
Subject
Families
Women
Occupations
Antisemitism
Hospitals
Interview Date
December 8, 1986
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Morris Silbert and Nancy Draper
Total Running Time
Side 1 31 minutes
Side 2 17 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Lillian Gollom (nee Slovens) was born in Russia in1903. She came to Toronto around 1907. She attended Ogness Public School and Canada Business College. She married Nat Gollom in 1924 and had a son and a daughter. Lillian was actively involved with the "Sinais" and served as President of the organization in 1939. The fund-raising efforts of the the "Sinais", Ezrat Nashim and "Twigs" assisted with the establishment of the first Mount Sinai Hospital on Yorkville Ave. Lillian was an involved volunteer at the hospital. Lillian remained active with the Sinais following the building of the second Mount Sinai Hospital on University Ave. when the organization's focus shifted to fund-raising for the Canadian Cancer Society.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Mount Sinai Hospital
Dworkin, Dorothy
Canadian Cancer Society
Singer, E.F.
Gollom, Lillian
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
G:\Description\Oral Histories\AC 122, Lillian Gollom\AC 122 notes.pdf
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Lillian Gollom discusses the establishment and early days of the first Mount Sinai Hospital. She describes the fund-raising efforts of Ezrat Nashim, the Sinais and the Twigs.

In this clip, Lillian Gollom relates anecdotes pertaining to the impact of the Great Depression on Jewish families in the early 1930s.

Name
Edna Jacobs
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
December and March 1986
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Edna Jacobs
Number
AC 125
Subject
Families
Travel
Education
Occupations
Antisemitism
Girl Guides
Religion
Volunteers
Interview Date
December and March 1986
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Nancy Draper
Total Running Time
Side 1: 36 minutes Side 2: 46 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Edna (nee Frankel) Jacobs was born March 20, 1904 in Toronto, Her parents, Sigmund and Paula Frankel, were early immigrants from Germany. Edna attended Havergal from kindergarten through high school. She studied general arts for two years at the University of Toronto. She married Arthur Jacobs, the son of Rabbi Solomon Jacobs, in 1936. Together, they had one daughter, Patsy and a baby who died during infancy. Edna was involved with the Girls Club and the Junior Council of Jewish Women.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Toronto Girl's Club
Toronto Council of Jewish Women
Geographic Access
Toronto
Germany
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
G:\Description\Oral Histories\AC 125 Jacobs\AC 125 notes.pdf
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Edna Jacobs shares memories from a trip she and her family took to Biblis, Germany to celebrate her grandparents’ golden anniversary.

In this clip, Edna Jacobs reminisces about several prominent Toronto Jewish families.

Name
Anne Edell and I.S. Edell
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
February 7, 1984
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Anne Edell and I.S. Edell
Number
AC 208
Subject
Recreation
Education
Occupations
Antisemitism
Interview Date
February 7, 1984
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Phyllis Platnick
Total Running Time
AC 208A: 40 minutes AC 208B: 18 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Anne Edell grew up in Toronto. She worked as a bookkeeper in several local Jewish businesses. During summer vacation, Anne would travel to Port Dalhousie, Crystal Beach and Jackson's Point. I.S. Edell grew up in Toronto. He graduated in education from OCE but was unable to find a teaching position. He worked at the post office for a short time and later in his father-in-law's business.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Edell, Anne
Edell, I.S.
Platnick, Phyllis
Geographic Access
Port Dalhousie
Crystal Beach
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Anne Edell shares memories of summer vacations.

In this clip, I.S. Edell discusses the antisemitism encountered by Jewish graduates in the field of education in Ontario in the 1930s.

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