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63 records – page 1 of 2.
Name
Jack Abel
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
1986
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Jack Abel
Number
AC 034
AC 035
Subject
Labour and unions
Occupations and professions
Sports, recreation and leisure
Anti-Semitism and discrimination
Societies and associations
Cemeteries and funeral homes
Interview Date
1986
Quantity
2
Interviewer
Morris Silbert
Total Running Time
034A: 31:10 minutes 034B: 31:10 minutes 035A: 31:10 minuets 035B: 13:52 minuets
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Notes
The end of the reference copy of AC 35 is not very audible. The original cassette may be clearer.
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Jack Abel's career in the garment industry began in the 1920s taking him through the dressmaker's strike of 1932. Abel's experiences with anti-Semitism were numerous, he participated in the Christie Pits riot, he was active in politics and became an early member of the Mozirer Society. Abel became financial secretary of the Mozirer Society and was involved in the purchase and administration of the Roselawn and Bathurst Lawn cemeteries.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Abel, Jack
Mozirer Sick Benefit Society
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
G:\Description\Oral Histories\AC 034, 035, Jack Abel\AC 034 and 035 transcript.pdf
Source
Oral Histories
Name
J.B. Salsberg
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
Sept. 1985
Source
Oral Histories
Name
J.B. Salsberg
Number
AC 071
Subject
Labour and unions
Women
Rallies, demonstrations and protests
Interview Date
Sept. 1985
Quantity
1
Total Running Time
071A: 44:50 minuets 071B: 35:55 minuets
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Joseph Baruch Salsberg (1902-1998) was a labour leader, political activist, politician, newspaper columnist and a man who dedicated his life to Yiddishkeit and the advancement of social justice. He was active in various Jewish organizations, including; the Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC), the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto, and the New Fraternal Jewish Association. In 1938 he was elected as Alderman on Toronto’s City Council and elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1943. He is well remembered by contemporaries, such as Sam Lipshitz, as a "champion of the people', committed to social justice, the plight of the working-class, and the preservation of Jewish culture.
This oral history includes Salsberg's personal reminiscences on the Toronto Jewish community, the Polish Jewish community and issues related to women's labour and the unions in the garment industry.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Salsberg, Joseph B.
International Ladies' Garment Workers Union
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
Side 1:
0.0-6.30: Joseph Baruch Salsberg was born in Poland in 1902 to Abraham and Sara Salsberg. Abraham migrated to Toronto in 1910 and Joseph followed with his mother and two younger sisters in 1913.
6.30-18.39: Prior to 1913 Poland was primarily a peasant and agricultural society with the majority of the Jewish population living and working as tradesmen in the villages. Salsberg discusses the difficult relationship between the Poles and Jews under the power of the Czar.
18:40-24.14: Salsberg discusses the Canadian government’s collaboration with the CP Railroad to launch advertising campaigns attracting potential immigrants to come and live in Canada.
24.22-33.24: Salsberg discusses the experiences of his mother as a young Jewish immigrant and her adjustment to life in Toronto.
33.25-37.30: Salsberg discusses the Ward, an area between University and Yonge as being the heartland of early Jewish settlement. He describes the area as being the natural choice for Jews to live, the rents were cheap, Synagogues and community centers were nearby as were and their places of employment. The center for Jewish shopping was Kensington Market with shops along McCaul and Baldwin Streets, shopping at Eatons was reserved for “special occasions”.
37.32-39.50: Salsberg discusses the hardships faced by Polish immigrant Jews arriving in Toronto after World War One.
39.52-44.45: Salsberg discusses his father an Orthodox man who eventually went into the junk business and became one of the founders of the first Talmud Torah, his mother was active in the Ladies Auxillary of the School and remained it’s President for 50 years.
End
Side 2:
0.03-5.37: Salsberg discusses the religious and cultural divisions that dominated social and communal living in Poland under Czarist rule and the resulting division between Jews and non- Jewish Polish immigrants in Toronto
5.38-8.28: Salsberg discusses the example set by his mother on matters of religious observance and importance of the woman’s role in the family.
8.29-11.08: Salsberg discusses his mother’s activities outside the home. Sarah Salsberg was the first woman to challenge the burial custom of not allowing husband and wife to be buried side by side. Sarah won her challenge and was buried alongside her husband.
11.10-12.28: Salsberg discusses his orientation towards labor Zionism and his parent’s reaction to his political views. Sarah Salsberg was a “broad-minded” woman and friendly with those active in the movement, while his father clung to his own group.
12.29-13.53: Salsberg discusses the garment trade and the organizers who become members of the Ladies Garment Workers Union. Salsberg goes on to speak of his mother’s approval and secret admiration of the women in the Ladies Garment Union.
13.54-14.44: Salsberg discusses the role of Jewish immigrant women using the example of the Eatons strike in 1911 led by Jewish tailors, both men and women.
14.45-15.00: Salsberg discusses the Triangle Fire in New York as the impetus that led to the birth of the ILGWU in America and the ILGWU’s influence on the Canadian Garment industry.
15.03-15.40: Salsberg discusses the New York Yiddish Dailies the “Forward” and Tagblat delivered and read daily by Toronto’s Jewish community as another factor in the establishment of the Ladies Garment Workers Union in Canada.
15.41-20.39: Salsberg discusses the introduction by Eatons to changes in production methods that would have tailors, mostly men, taking on the job of women finishers. The refusal by the tailors to take away the jobs of women would lead to the first sit down strike by tailors in Canada.
20.40-21.20: Salsberg discusses the recognition of women’s rights in the early garment workers unions. The Dressmakers section of the ILGWU in Toronto was predominantly women who led strikes and fought on picket lines.
21.21-23.44: Salsberg discusses Union sentiment within the Jewish community and the enforcement by some of the more militant women on community shopkeepers to use Union labels on their products.
23.45-24.39: Salsberg discusses single Jewish women who confronted with financial hardship worked in predominately Jewish factories.
24.40-26.07: Salsberg discusses the economic nature of the garment industry, the competition and undercutting in the industry factories and the continuous strikes and stoppages by employees opposed to wage cuts.
26.08-31.15: Salsberg discusses the important contributions in the areas of the labor force, education and social responsibility made to Ontario by Jewish immigrant women. Women worked alongside men in order to improve their economic position and establish themselves within the community. Jewish women placed a great emphasis on education and as a result a high percentage of their children would graduate from institutions such as Harbord Collegiate and Jarvis Collegiate with scholarships. Salsberg speaks of his late wife Dora Wilensky who graduated from Jarvis Collegiate with the highest mark of any girl student in Ontario earning a five-year scholarship to McMaster University and becoming a prominent Social Worker within the Jewish community.
31.16-33.09: Salsberg discusses the differences in opportunity for young Jewish men and young Jewish women. As the only boy in the family he was expected to set the path by going to a theological school in NY but to the dismay of his parents he became radicalized in leftist politics.
33.10-35.55: Although Salsberg’s parents were never involved in the labour movement and disagreed with his leftist philosophy, they were pleased by his election in 1938 as Alderman on Toronto’s City Council and his election to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1943.
End
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Joseph Salsberg discusses the events that led to the birth of the International Ladies' Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) in America and the ILGWU's influence on the Canadian Garment Industry.

In this clip, Joseph Salsberg discusses Canada

Name
Ben Himel
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
Jan 24, 1983
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Ben Himel
Number
AC 135
Subject
Zionism
Education
Labour and unions
Organizations
Interview Date
Jan 24, 1983
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Stephen Speisman
Total Running Time
135A: 26:40 minutes 135B: 29:20 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Notes
Interview does not start at beginning.
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Ben Himel was Vice President and founder of the Borochov School and Kindergarten. Himel was affliated with the Poale Zion,Jewish National Workers Alliance (Farband), the Independent Workers Circle and The Board of Jewish Education
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Himel, Ben
Speisman, Stephen
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Benjamin Himel discusses the ideologies of Canada's Labor Movements during the 1930s and 1940s.

In this clip, Benjamin Himel discusses the Zionist movement within the Toronto Jewish community during the 1930s and 40s.

Name
Max Federman
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
March 19, 1976
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Max Federman
Number
AC 149
AC 150
Subject
Labour and unions
Occupations and professions
Industries
Interview Date
March 19, 1976
Quantity
2
Interviewer
Ben Schneider
Total Running Time
AC149A: 30. minutes AC149B: 30. minutes AC150A: 1. minute
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Max Federman was born in Poland. In 1919, Max moved to Germany where he attended school. He joined his father in Toronto in 1920. A union leader, labour Zionist and ardent-Communist, Max became actively involved in the union movement and served as representative of the Local Fur Workers Union. He was involved in a twenty year battle with the Communist leadership of the International Furrier Union until they disbanded and merged with the International Amalgamated Meat Cutters Union. Max was involved in Jewish community organizations including the Histadrut, Borochov School, and the United Jewish Welfare Fund.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Goldman, Emma
Federman, Max
Schneider, Ben
Geographic Access
Toronto
Germany
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
G:\Description\Oral Histories\AC 149, 150, Max Federman\AC 149, 150 notes.pdf
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Max Federman describes the conflict between the Federation of Labour (F of L) and Communist International Union (CIU) from 1938-1956. He discusses the steps in which the International Fur and Leather Union disaffiliated with the International Union to join the Amalgamated Meat Cutters Union in 1956.

In this clip, Max Federman discusses his early involvement with a trade union while living in Germany in 1919.

Name
Dora Till
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
May 4, 1983
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Dora Till
Number
AC 151
Subject
Land, settlement and immigration
Labour and unions
Women
Occupations and professions
Personal and family life
Interview Date
May 4, 1983
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Stephen Speisman
Total Running Time
46 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Dora Till (nee Tobias) was born in New York City in 1896. She came to Toronto in 1900. She married Morris Till in 1918. They had one daughter, Cecile. As a youth, Dora was involved with Herzl Girls and the Boot and Shoe Society. Dora was active in community service and contributed greatly to social service work. She was co-founder and first President for Mothers' and Babes' Summer Rest Home, Vice-President of the Hebrew Maternity Aid Society, a board member for the Jewish Family and Child Services, an executive for the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies, Honourary Vice-President of United Jewish Welfare Fund, on the board of Canadian Jewish Congress and past President of the Naomi Chapter of Hadassah-WIZO.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Herzl Girls Boot and Shoe Society, 1920
Mothers and Babes Summer Rest Home
Baycrest Hospital
United Jewish Welfare Fund
Beth Tzedec Synagogue
Timothy Eaton Company
Till, Dora
Geographic Access
Toronto
Bronte
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Dora Till discusses some of the services provided by Hebrew Maternity Aid.

Dora Till was co-founder and first President for Mothers and Babes Summer Rest Home. In this clip, Dora describes the efforts to solicit and fundraise on behalf of the Mothers and Babes Summer Rest Home.

Name
Kalmen Kaplansky
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
September 20, 1985
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Kalmen Kaplansky
Number
AC 109
Subject
Anti-Semitism and discrimination
War and military
Civil and human rights
Land, settlement and immigration
Labour and unions
Interview Date
September 20, 1985
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Phyllis Platnick
Total Running Time
109A: 60 minutes 109B: 6 minutes
Conservation
Not copied. Need 120 minute tape.
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Kalmen was born January 5, 1912 in Poland. He worked in Montreal as a typesetter and linotype operator. He was active in the labour and human rights movements in Canada. Kalmen served as the director of the Jewish Labour Committee in 1945. In collaboration with the Canadian Jewish Congress, the Canadian government and trade unions the Jewish Labour Committee helped Jewish displaced persons immigrate to Canada by securing them employment. Kalman sat on the Refugee Status Advisory Committee for the federal government.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Kaplansky, Kalmen
Platnick, Phyllis
Jewish Labour Committee
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Kalmen Kaplansky discusses some of the obstacles to the relocation of displaced Jews to Canada after the Second World War. He describes a tripartite proposal involving consultation and cooperation among trade unions, management and government that enabled the immigration project.

In this clip, Kalmen Kaplansky explains that bribery, corruption and perjury were a way of life after the Second World War. He relates anecdotes as illustration.

Name
Max Enkin
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
April 13, 1986
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Max Enkin
Number
AC 113
AC 114
Subject
Land, settlement and immigration
Anti-Semitism and discrimination
Labour and unions
Occupations and professions
Organizations
Interview Date
April 13, 1986
Quantity
2
Interviewer
Phyllis Platnick
Total Running Time
AC113: 19:40 minuets
AC114:
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Max Enkin was founder and a leading member of the Jewish Vocational Service of Toronto. The original purpose of the organization was to help survivors of the Second World War find employment. In 1947, as Associate Administrator and representative for the Men's Clothing sector in Ontario, Max Enkin became involved in The "Tailor Project". The project was designed to identify and select skilled tailors from the DP camps of Europe and help to settle them in Canada.
Max Enkin was awarded the OBE in Recognition of services to Wartime Prices.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Enkin, Max
Platnick, Phyllis
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
AC 113
History of Immigration of Skilled Tailors from the Displaced Person Camps after WWII 1946 –
0.07: How the project got started
0.20: Canadian Government in relation to skilled workers in Canada 1946
1.19: Canadian Jewish Congress in relation to DP camps in Europe.
2.45: Canadian Government restricted immigration 1946.
3.11: Canadian Jewish Congress in relation to Garment industry.
4.13: Canadian Government in relation to UNRRA and immigration to Canada (UNRRA: United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration founded 1943 and became part of the UN in 1945).
5.29: JIAS Jewish Immigrant Aid Services.
5.39: Congress and Immigration to Canada.
5.58: Garment industry Union and Immigration to Canada
6.30: McNamara Deputy Minister of Labour from Winnipeg (circa 1946).
7.18: Labor and Management Representatives of the ILGE 1946 (ILGE - International Ladies Garment Workers Union?). Mr. Sam Hirsch of Winnipeg, representative of the Union for Men & Women. Mr. Bernard Shane of Montreal, Executive Director of the ILGE. Mr.? Solomon of Montreal, representative of Manufacturers Union of Montreal. Sam Posluns of Toronto representative of the Women’s Union. Max Enkin of Toronto, representative of the Men’s Union Ontario.
9.05: Beginning of the project by the ILGE to bring Jews from DP camps in Europe to Canada. Trip to London England by the 5 member body of ILGE. Difficulty in gaining clearance papers to gain entry into Germany & Austria.
11.34: C.D Howe Canadian Cabinet Minister serving under McKenzie King Meeting with ILGE in Canada House, London England.
13.20: Enkin meeting with C.D. Howe and question of quota of Jews allowed into Canada.
14.13: Federal Liberal Government, Quebec and Ottawa vis a vis Jewish immigration.
15.5: McKenzie King, Prime Minister and Ernest Lapointe, Member of Parliament/Quebec and immigration of Jews.
15.56: Jewish population, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg 3 largest centers 17.0-19.4: Anti-Semitism in Canada.
End: Rest of tape 19.50 -30.42 inaudible.
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Max Enkin discusses the organizations, government departments and union representatives involved in the development and implementation of the Tailor Project.

In this clip, Max Enkin discusses the Liberal Government

Name
Bess Maltinsky Shockett
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
November 18, 2004
December 7, 2004
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Bess Maltinsky Shockett
Number
AC 288
Subject
Labour and unions
Boards and committees
Interview Date
November 18, 2004
December 7, 2004
Quantity
4
Interviewer
Jillian Gould
Total Running Time
AC 288A: 31 minutes
AC 288B: 31 minutes
Conservation
Copies made for Bess' son Michael on four 90 minute tapes
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Bess was born in the Ukraine in 1920. She immigrated to Montreal in 1925 with her parents and two brothers. She married Barry Shockett in 1952 and had three children. As an adolescent, Bess became very active in the Jewish community and joined the United Jewish People's Order. She helped organize a union for workers in the knitting industry and later did the same for fur workers. She also travelled to Winnipeg to organize a laundry workers union. She helped found the New Fraternal Jewish Association in 1960 and was actively involved in the organization. She became very active in the Toronto Jewish community, particularly in regards to supporting and launching several innovative Yiddish programs. She staffed the office of the CJC's Committee for Yiddish in its early years, and was Director from 1974 to 1989.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
United Jewish People's Order
New Fraternal Jewish Association
Committee for Yiddish
Geographic Access
Montreal
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

Bess became President of the Youth Division of the United Jewish People’s Order in Montreal in 1946. In this clip, Bess shares some of her memories and experiences as a representative to the First International Conference of Youth held in Prague in 1947.

In this clip, Bess discusses the events that led up to the formation of a new left-leaning organization, the New Fraternal Jewish Association, which broke away from the United Jewish People’s Order in 1960.

Accession Number
2013-10-4
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2013-10-4
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
9 photographs : b&w and col. ; 20 x 25 cm and 12 x 20 cm
Date
1937-1977, predominant 1963-1970
Scope and Content
Accession consists of textual and graphic material documenting Harry Share's involvement in the B. Borochov Branch 124 of the Farband Labour Zionist Order. Included are speeches, photographs and anniversary books documenting the B. Borochov Branch 124's 20th, 50th, 55th, and 60th anniversaries. Also included are invitations to labour zionist events in Toronto and two issues of the Jewish Standard which contain articles on the Farband Labour Zionist Movement, one of which was written by Harry.
Custodial History
Records were donated to the OJA by Harry's daughter Razy Share Stolberg.
Administrative History
Harry Share was born in 1895 in Poland. By the age of 21 he was living in Toronto and married Sonia (or Sofie) Dworkin (1897-1956) on February 11, 1916. They had four children together: Belle Lewis, Francis, Stanley, and Razy. Harry briefly ran a restaurant on College and Brunswick called Segals and later operated a cafeteria in the Silknit factory. He was very active in the labour Farband movement out of the B. Borochov Branch 124. He was also involved on committees concerning Camp Kvutza and served as the camp's chef at one point. Sonia was also active in Farband movement through Pioneer Women. Harry passed away in 1983 at the age of 89.
Subjects
Societies and associations
Labour and unions
Name Access
Share, Harry, 1895-1983
Share, Sonia
Farband Labour Zionist Order
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2014-5-9
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2014-5-9
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
moving images
Physical Description
90 cm of textual records and graphic material
3 film ; 16 mm
7 VHS
Date
[194-]-1989
Scope and Content
Accession consists of records documenting the Labour Zionist Alliance and its precurssor organizations including the Borochov Branches and the Independent Friendly Worker's Circle.Records include photographs of past members, governance documents, correspondence, publicity materials and anniversary and program books for the Cloakmakers Branch of the Independent Worker's Circle, the Zerubavel Branch and the B. Borochov Branch 124 of the Farband. Also included are meeting minutes and membership ledgers for the Independent Worker's Circle (1944-1950; 1962-1971) and the Farband Labour Zionist Order (1959-1961). The films document the intiatives in Israel supported by the Labour Zionist Order.
Custodial History
Records were in the possession of the Labour Zionist Order until they ceased functioning in May 2014.
Subjects
Zionism
Societies and associations
Labour and unions
Name Access
Labour Zionist Order (Toronto, Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2014-8-11
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2014-8-11
Material Format
graphic material
Physical Description
7 photographs : b&w
Date
1931-1935
Scope and Content
Accession consists of photographs documenting the activities of Motel Bergstein and Borris Litman. Included are images documenting Hat Cap and Milinery workers banquets, conventions and Executive members, as well as images documenting Camp Yungvelt and the Workmen's Circle 35th anniversary. Motel Bergstein is identified in the photos.
Custodial History
The photographs were in the possession of Carrie Grossman, the daughter of Motel Bergstein and step-daughter of Borris Litman.
Administrative History
Motel Bergstein was born in 1898 in Buckawchevitz, Galicia. He came to Toronto in 1920 or 1921 and initially worked as an operator in a hat factory. He met and married Rita Katz in 1922. Motel was a member of the communist party and in the early 1930s he replaced JB Salsberg as the union organizer for the Hat, Cap and Millinery Workers Union. He was eventually excommunicated from the communist party for refusing to call a strike after the party's headquarters ordered him to. After his excommunication, he became an active member of the Workmen's Circle. Around 1937 or 1938, Motel began selling life insurance as a sub-agent for his uncle, Max Bergstein. Motel passed away on December 25, 1941.
Use Conditions
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Subjects
Labour and unions
Name Access
Bergstein, Motel, 1898-1941
Litman, Boris
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2014-11-2
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2014-11-2
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder textual records
Date
1944-1971
Scope and Content
Accession consists of a newsletter from Frontier Branch 513 of the Jewish National Workers' Alliance, and several documents from Shaarei Shomayim Congregation: a Sunday religious school report card and monthly bulletins.
Subjects
Organizations
Labour and unions
Synagogues
Name Access
Jewish National Workers' Alliance (Toronto, Ont.)
Shaarei Shomayim Congregation (Toronto, Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2015-9-5
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2015-9-5
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Date
1982-1989
Scope and Content
Accession consists of a Jubilee Book in honour of 50 years of Zerubavel Branch (1982) and a Jubilee Dinner book (1989) celebrating the 65th anniversary of Achdut Ha-Avoda and the 40th anniversary of the Anielewitch Branch and the Zerubavel-Federman Branch, both of the Labour Zionist Alliance (L.Z.A.).
Custodial History
A card titled 'Donor Lead' states that the textual materials were provided by Ben Himel.
Subjects
Events and celebrations
Labour and unions
Name Access
Achdut Ha-Avoda - Poale Zion (Toronto, Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2016-5-10
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2016-5-10
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1.4 m of textual records and graphic material
Date
1851-2014
Scope and Content
Accession consists of records reflecting the academic, personal and literary life of Dr. Gerald Tulchinsky. The bulk of the material relates to Canada's garment industry, including photocopied reference material from various sources, reports and statistics, research notes, articles and graduate thesis on the topic, reminiscences by those in the industry and original records from specific firms and associations situated in Ontario and Quebec. Also included are manuscripts and accompanying material for Shtetl on the Grand and a book on the Canadian Clothing Industry, lecture notes, family correspondence and photographs, and the last will and testament of Anne Tulchinsky. All of the material from 1851-1935 are photocopies of original records.
Administrative History
Dr. Gerald Tulchinsky is Professor Emeritus at Queen's University, Department of History, and author of several books on the history of Canadian Jewry and labour issues in Canada. His books include: Shtetl on the Grand (2015); Joe Salsberg: A Life of Commitment (2013); Canada's Jews: A People's Journey (2008); Branching Out: The Transformation of the Canadian Jewish Community (1998); Taking Root: The Origins of the Canadian Jewish Community (1992); and The River Barons: Montreal Businessmen and the Growth of Industry and Transportation, 1837-53 (1977). Tulchinsky was born in Brantford, Ontario in 1933 to Harry and Anne Tulchinsky. He currently resides in Kingston, Ontario.
Use Conditions
Closed. Researchers must receive permission from the OJA Director prior to accessing the records.
Descriptive Notes
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE: This accession also includes numerous books, some of wihch don't relate to our mandate and others which are duplicates of our current holdings. The books that we have retained have been integrated into the OJA's library holdings. USE CONDITION NOTE: Access restricted until ten years after the donor's death, at the donor's request.
LANGUAGE NOTE: Some of the material is in French.
Subjects
Business and commerce
Labour and unions
Name Access
Tulchinsky, Gerald, 1933-
Places
Montreal, Que.
Toronto, Ont.
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2017-2-12
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2017-2-12
Material Format
multiple media
Physical Description
45 cm of textual records and other material
230 photographs : sepia and b&w ; 23 x 30 cm and smaller
8 sound recordings
1 artifact
Date
1937-2004
Scope and Content
Accession consists of textual records, photographs and audio recordings documenting the lives of Dick Steele, his wife Esther and friend Bill Walsh. The materials are mostly correspondences between Dick and Esther during his internment at the Don Jail and Ontario Reformatory in Guelph, and from Dick and Bill's military service overseas during the Second World War. They also include correspondences between Esther and Bill, Bill and Anne Walsh, "Jack" and Esther, and other family and friends. Some of the letters show evidence of being censored. There are news clippings in English and Yiddish about the family from various newspapers including the Canadian Tribune (a Communist Party paper). There is a letter Esther wrote to campaign for Dick's release from internment, part of women's activism in this period. There is also a photocopy of a memoir written by Moses Kosowatsky and Moses Wolofsky "From the Land of Despair to the Land of Promise" ca. 1930s. The photographs include Dick and Bill in the army during the Second World War, a signed picture of Tim Buck addressed to Esther and the twins and a photo of Dick delivering a speech related to the Steel Workers. Also included is a CD with edited sound clips of Bill and Esther talking about Dick, Esther speaking about the letters, (how she received letters and flowers from Dick after he had already been killed), Bill reading a letter Dick wrote to Esther that he left with friends in England to send her in the case that he was killed (which he was) and CDs "Bill Walsh Oral history" Vols.1 and 2 compiled by Leib Wolofsky's (Bill's nephew). There is a microcassette labelled "Joe Levitt." Also included are 5 audio cassettes recorded by Adrianna Steele-Card with her grandparents Bill and Esther. The accession also includes the stripe of a German corporal that Bill captured as a prisoner, peace stamps and an early copy of Cy Gonick's A Very Red Life: The Story of Bill Walsh, edited by Bill.
Administrative History
Richard (Dick) Kennilworth Steele is the name adopted by Moses Kosowatsky. He was born in 1909 in Montreal to Samuel Kosowatsky and Fanny Held. He lived in a laneway off Clark Street below Sherbrooke where his father collected and recycled bottles. He grew up with his siblings Joseph, Mortimer, Matthew, Gertrude and Edward. Bill Walsh (Moishe Wolofsky) was born in 1910, to Sarah and Herschel Wolofsky, the Editor of the Keneder Adler (Montreal's prominent Yiddish newspaper). He attended Baron Byng and then Commercial High School where he met Dick Steele. Bill recalled that Dick denounced militarism in the school when a teacher tried to recruit students to be cadets. Bill moved to New York City in 1927. His brother, who was living there, helped him get a job as a messenger on Wall Street. He also worked in the drug department at Macy's while attending courses at Columbia University in the evening. Dick worked on a ship for a year and then joined Bill in New York City in 1928. Dick worked at a chemical plant called Linde Air Products while also studying in the evenings at Columbia University. In 1931 Dick and Bill boarded a ship together in New York bound for Copenhagen. Together they travelled across Europe, witnessed a Nazi demonstration in Breslau, Germany and found work in Minsk and Moscow, Russia. This trip inspired them to become Communists. In 1933 Bill's father was on a Canadian trade mission to Poland, which he left to "rescue" his son from the Bolsheviks. Bill agreed to return to Canada after being advised to do so by the Comintern. He then changed his name to Bill Walsh to protect his family. In 1934 Bill moved to Toronto. He worked as the Educational Director for the Industrial Union of Needle Trade Workers and the Communist Party where he met Esther Slominsky/Silver, the organization's office manager. Dick joined Bill in Toronto soon after. Bill introduced Dick and Esther who then married. In 1940, Esther gave birth to twin sons Michael and John Steele. Esther was born in Toronto in 1914 to Joseph Slominsky and Fanny (Blackersany?). Her siblings were Bella, Eileen, Morris and step-sister Eva. Her father Joseph was a cloak maker and Esther also worked in the garment industry. Her mother Fanny passed away in 1920 at the age of 26 from tuberculosis. Dick was a metal worker and became a union organizer in the east end of Toronto. He was the head organizer of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) and the Steel Workers Organizing Committee of Canada (SWOC) until 1940 when he was dismissed for being a Communist. Bill helped organize Kitchener's rubber workers into an industrial union and was also an organizer for the United Auto Workers of Windsor, Ontario. Jack Steele, an alias for Dick's brother Mortimer, fought with the Mackenzie-Papineau Brigade in the Spanish Civil War. Jack Steele was recalled to Canada in October 1937 to rally support for the efforts in Spain, returned to the front in June 1938 and was killed in action in August. Some of Dick's letters to his wife Esther are signed "Salud, Jack" and were likely written in 1940 when the Communist Party (CP) was banned by the Canadian Government under the War Measures Act. In November 1941, after Mackenzie King's call for enlistment, Dick wrote to the Department of Justice to ask permission to join the army. He never received a reply. On 1 April 1942 Dick's home was raided and he was interned at the Don Jail until September 1942 when he was moved to the Ontario Reformatory in Guelph. Esther wrote a letter to Louis St. Laurent, Minister of Justice to appeal on his behalf. Major public campaigning by communists and the wartime alliance with the USSR after 1941 shifted public opinion toward the CP and the Canadian Government slowly began releasing internees in January 1942. Dick was released in October 1942 and enlisted at the end of the month. Dick died on August 17, 1944 in Normandy, France. He was a tank driver in the Canadian Army. Bill was similarly arrested in 1941, spending time in jail and then an internment camp with other members of the CP. He joined the Canadian army in 1943 and fought in Holland and Belgium. Bill was first married to Anne Weir who died of a brain hemorrhage in 1943 just before he enlisted. The family believes this may have been due to drinking unpasteurized milk. Encouraged by Dick Steele to take care of his family should he pass in the war, Bill married Esther Steele in 1946. They had a daughter named Sheri and were members of the United Jewish People's Order. For 20 years Walsh worked for the Hamilton region of the United Electrical Workers (UE). Bill remained a member of the CP until 1967 when we was expelled for criticizing another union leader. He died in 2004. Esther passed away in 2010 at age 96.
Use Conditions
Partially closed. Researchers must receive permission from the OJA Director prior to accessing some of the records.
Descriptive Notes
RELATED MATERIAL NOTE: Library and Archives Canada has the William Walsh fonds and MG 28, ser. I 268, USWA, vol.4, SWOC Correspondence, has various letters from Dick Steele ca. 1938. Museum of Jewish Montreal has an oral history with Leila Mustachi (daughter of Max Wolofsky, Bill's brother) where she speaks about Bill, Dick and Esther. USE CONDITION NOTES: For CDs "Bill Walsh Oral history" Vols.1 and 2. Some contributors stipulate that recordings are restricted to personal use only. This CD must not be used for any commercial purpose.
Subjects
War and military
Politics and government
Labour and unions
Name Access
Steele, Michael
Steele, Dick
Walsh, Bill
Walsh, Esther Steele
Places
Guelph, Ont.
Toronto, Ont.
Hamilton, Ont.
Oshawa, Ont.
Ottawa, Ont.
Montreal, Que.
Fort William/Thunder Bay, Ont.
Germany
England
Holland
Source
Archival Accessions
Level
Item
ID
Item 257
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
257
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1935
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of the Labour League at the Winchevsky Centre on their 10th anniversary. Pictured in the back row, second from right: Jake Weisbrod.
Notes
Photograph has been plaque mounted.
Name Access
Labour League
Winchevsky Centre
Subjects
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 259
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
259
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1932]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of members of the Labour League.
Notes
Photograph has a signature and an inscription in Yiddish.
Name Access
Labour League
Winchevsky Centre
Subjects
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 260
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
260
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1931
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 21 x 26 cm and 11 x 13 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a graduation diploma from the Jewish Folks' Shule.
Notes
The diploma is written in Yiddish.
Name Access
Jewish Folks' Shule
Labour Zionist Alliance
Subjects
Education
Labour and unions
Zionism
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Creator
Labour Zionist Alliance
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 261
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
261
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of members of Branch 6 of the Labor League of Toronto.
Name Access
Labour League
Winchevsky Centre
Subjects
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 263
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
263
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates to the 9th convention of the Jewish National Workers' Alliance, held in Philadelphia..
Notes
Photograph is not the original print.
OJA has the negative for this photograph.
Name Access
Jewish National Workers' Alliance
Subjects
Conventions and conferences
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1440
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1440
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1931
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a group of women dressmakers picketing on Spadina Ave. in Toronto. They are holding a sign that reads: Dresmakers General Strike, Dresmakers Union, I.L.G.W.U.
Notes
Acquired June 22, 1975.
Name Access
I.L.G.W.U
Subjects
Labour and unions
Rallies, demonstrations and protests
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1977-7-1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 6046
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
6046
Material Format
graphic material
Date
2 April 1946
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of the Association of Millinery Manufacturers (Ontario Division), 4th Annual Dinner in Toronto.
Notes
For identification, see accession record.
Name Access
Association of Millinery Manufacturers
Subjects
Events and celebrations
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1992-6-3
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1620
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1620
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1937
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
This is a composite photo of the members of the bakery and confectionery workers, union local 181.
Subjects
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1979-1-1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1625
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1625
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Identified in this photograph in the first row, from left to right: Dave Biderman; Louis Hoffman; Abe Goldman; Max Speisman (probably Chairman); [unknown]; Mr. Jubas; Izzy Weiner.
Second row, left to right: [unknown]; Nathan Horowitz; I. Fine.
Notes
Credit: Estate of Max Speisman.
Name Access
Labour League
Labor League
Biderman, Dave
Hoffman, Louis
Goldman, Abe
Speisman, Max
Jubas, Mr.
Weiner, Izzy
Horowitz, Nathan
Fine, I.
Toronto Cloakmakers Union
Subjects
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1978-4-3
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 6023
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
6023
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[between 1920 and 1925]
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Admin History/Bio
J.B. Salsberg was the organizer for the Hat, Cap, and Millinery Workers Union of North America.
Notes
For identification, see Jacob M. Budish's, History of the Cloth Hat, Cap, and Millinery Workers' International Union, 1901-1925 (NY, 1925).
Name Access
Salsberg, J.B.
Cloth Hat, Cap and Millinery Workers Union
Montreal
Subjects
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1991-5-4
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 3656
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
3656
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w (negative)
Name Access
Arbeiter Ring
Labour Lyceum
Cecil Street
Goldman, Emma
Subjects
Labour and unions
Politics and government
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1976-12-1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 2470
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
2470
Material Format
graphic material
Date
October 4, 1942
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Item is a group photograph of delegates at the ILGWU Second Annual Conference of Canadian locals at the Royal York Hotel in Toronto.
Notes
From the Seymour and Abi Shatz Collection.
Name Access
ILGWU
International Ladies Garment Workers Union
Subjects
Conventions and conferences
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1980-12-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 2472
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
2472
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[1920?]
Physical Description
2 photographs : (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of members of the Jewish National Workers Alliance of America. The are posed in front of a building draped in Yiddish banners. The location of the convention is uncertain.
Notes
Part of the Seymour and Abi Shatz Collection.
Name Access
Jewish National Workers Alliance
Subjects
Conventions and conferences
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1980-12-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 2474
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
2474
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1916
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Notes
From the Seymour and Abi Shatz Collection.
Name Access
Shatz, Benjamin
Jewish National Workers Alliance
Subjects
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1980-12-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 6070
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
6070
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1931
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a composite photograph of the I.L. Peretz Branch 26 of the Jewish National Workers Alliance, Toronto.
Notes
Original photo by Schlachter.
Name Access
I.L. Peretz
Jewish National Workers Alliance
Subjects
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1993-9-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1270
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1270
Material Format
graphic material
Date
July 1918
Physical Description
1 photograph
Scope and Content
The Jewish National Workers Alliance's first Ontario District convention took place July 13-14, 1918. The convention was likely held in Toronto. Identified in this photograph are: Max Manson, Abe Shatz, Mr. Sheinhouse, Hershel Meyer Kirshenbaum, Avrom Fryman, Ben Shatz, Louie Shatz, Moishe Kirshenbaum, Mr. Heller, and Zalman Cohen.
Name Access
Jewish National Workers Alliance
Subjects
Conventions and conferences
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1977-4-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1626
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1626
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Identification list available in accession record.
Notes
Credit: the Estate of Max Speisman.
Name Access
Speisman, Max
Labor League
Labour League
Subjects
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1978-4-3
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 6031
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
6031
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1952]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a Labour Zionist banquet at the New Chudleigh House at 126 Beverley St. Invitees are seated around two long banquet tables. Identified are Myer Mandel, Mrs. Myer Mandel, Leibel Bagrad; Leibel Abella; Mr. Levinsky; Chaike Lovinsky; Nachman Lovinsky; Chaim Langer; Leah Langer; Archie Bennett; Sophie Bennett; Ida Krakover; Avrum Green; Charlie Krakover; I. S. Weinrot; and Baylke White.
Subjects
Labour and unions
Zionism
Repro Restriction
Copyright may not be held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Accession Number
1992-2-8
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 6032
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
6032
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
For identification, see accession record.
Perhaps Geverkshaften.
Includes: Abe Freeman, Max Manson, Nachman Lovinsky, A. Rhinewine; H.M.Kirshenbaum; Dr. Sam Hurwich; Israel Freeman; I.J. Weinrob; Louis Coldoff; Yisroel Meriminski of Israel; Sonya and Joseph Marin.
Notes
Photo by M. Schlachter, Modern Studio, Toronto.
Name Access
Labour Zionist Movement
Rhinewine, A.
Kirshenbaum, H.M.
Freeman, Israel
Weinrob, I.J.
Coldoff, Louis
Jewish Organizations
Subjects
Labour and unions
Zionism
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1992-2-8
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 4335
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
4335
Material Format
graphic material
Date
November 1947
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Item is a panoramic photograph taken of individuals at the Labour Zionist Movement's Actions Committee at the 4th National Convention eating dinner.
Name Access
Labour Zionist Movement
Montreal
Jewish Organizations
Subjects
Conventions and conferences
Labour and unions
Zionism
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Creator
Federal Photos
Accession Number
1987-10-5
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Level
Fonds
ID
Fonds 92
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Level
Fonds
Fonds
92
Material Format
multiple media
Date
1914-1993
Physical Description
1.2 m of textual records (2 v.) and other material
Admin History/Bio
Joseph Baruch Salsberg (1902-1998) was a labour leader, political activist, politician, insurance salesman, and journalist. He was also active in various Jewish organizations, including: the Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC), the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto, and the New Fraternal Jewish Association. He is well remembered by contemporaries, such as Sam Lipshitz, as a “champion of the people”, committed to social justice, the plight of the working-class, and the preservation of Jewish culture.
J.B. was born in Lagov, Poland on November 5, 1902 to Abraham and Sarah-Gittel Salsberg. Abraham immigrated to Toronto in 1910 and J.B. followed with his mother and two younger sisters in 1913. They settled at 73 Cecil Street. Abraham and Sarah-Gittel had additional children in Canada: Nathan (b. 1915), Reuven (Bob or Robert, b. 1917), Betty, and Thelma. Abraham worked as a peddler in Toronto.
J.B. briefly attended Landsdowne Public School, but dropped out around 1915, against his parent’s wishes, and took a job in a leather goods factory to contribute to his family’s income. J.B.’s parents had hoped he would become a rabbi and, despite his full-time employment, J.B. continued to study the Torah with scholars at the synagogue on Centre Ave.
In 1917, J.B. decided to pursue the ideas of Zionism and Socialism and, abandoning his plans to become a rabbi, he became involved in establishing the Young Poale Zion organization, a Labour Zionist youth group dedicated to secular aims. Around 1922, J.B. was made Secretary General of the Young Poale Zion of America in New York, where he worked for one year. Shortly after returning to Toronto, he became the organizer for the Hat, Cap, and Millinery Workers Union of North America in Chicago. While in Chicago, around 1925, J.B. married Dora Wilensky.
In 1926, J.B. joined the CPC. He was an active member of the CPC for 30 years, serving as the head of its Trade Union Department for two decades. In 1929 he was suspended from the Party for one year as a dissenter. In 1932, he became the Southern Ontario District union organizer for the communist Workers Unity League.
It was as a member of the CPC that he entered electoral politics. After a series of failed bids in municipal and provincial elections between 1935 and 1937, J.B. was elected Alderman of Ward 4 in Toronto in 1938. He only held the position for one year. In 1943, J.B. was elected to the Ontario Legislature as the representative for the St. Andrew riding. J.B. sat as Member of Provincial Parliament for the Labour-Progressive Party (the provincial wing of the CPC) for 12 years. For several years, he was the only elected communist in North America. As MPP, he helped create legislation banning discrimination in public places and introduced a bill that would ensure fair employment practices in the province. He lost his seat to Allan Grossman in 1955 and unsuccessfully ran in the federal election later that year. Remembered by journalist Gordon Sinclair as “one of the best debaters in the house”, J.B. was well-respected by members of all political parties. Out of admiration for J.B., Conservative Premier Leslie Frost named Salsberg Township in Northern Ontario in his honour.
Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, J.B. had grown increasingly concerned about reports of Soviet anti-Semitism and privately urged party leaders to pursue the issue. In 1956, when Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev exposed the transgressions of Stalin’s regime, J.B. went to Moscow as part of a CPC delegation. After meeting with Khrushchev himself, it became clear to J.B. that anti-Semitism was indeed a problem in the USSR and that his efforts to probe the situation were being stonewalled.
J.B. publicly expressed his concerns about Soviet anti-Semitism in a series of articles published in the Vochenblatt from October 25, 1956 to December 13, 1956. He finally left the Communist Party in 1957. However, he remained a member of the United Jewish People’s Order (UJPO), a communist Jewish fraternal organization.
Entering the business world, J.B. established the Model Insurance Agency Limited in 1957, where he served as President for several years. In 1959 J.B.’s wife, Dora passed away. Around this time J.B. also resigned from the UJPO, along with other members who felt the organization needed to be more critical of the Soviet Union. They founded an alternative, non-communist left-wing Jewish organization, the New Fraternal Jewish Association, where J.B. served as President for several terms and edited its publication “Fraternally Yours”.
In his later life, J.B. was active as an executive member of organizations, such as the CJC and the Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care. He was the first chairman for the CJC Ontario Region’s Soviet Jewry Committee and the Committee for Yiddish. He also began writing an award-winning weekly column for the Canadian Jewish News. J.B. was awarded the CJC’s Samuel Bronfman Medal for distinguished service, and the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto’s Ben Sadowski Award of Merit. A strong supporter of Israel, he was involved in the creation of two Israeli medical centres that are named in his honour. He also helped establish the J.B. and Dora Salsberg Fund and the J.B. Salsberg Fund for Yiddish at the Jewish Foundation of Greater Toronto. J.B. passed away in 1998.
Custodial History
The records were donated to the OJA in a series of accessions. Material from accessions 1991-5-4 and 1992-9-4 were donated by J.B. Salsberg. The remaining material was donated by his estate after his death.
Scope and Content
Fonds consists of records documenting J.B. Salsberg's personal, professional and Jewish communal activities. The bulk of the records are textual and relate to his membership in the CPC (later LPP), election campaigns, and Jewish communal work. Included is correspondence; photographs; reports; political writings; certificates; agendas; pamphlets; brochures; booklets; flyers; campaign literature; campaign notes; posters; newspaper clippings; press releases; articles; transcripts; speeches; telegrams; political platforms, briefs and submissions; statements; constitutions; resolutions; newspapers; meeting minutes; bulletins; periodicals; notebooks; notes; course guides and outlines; medallions; pins; plaques; donation receipts; event invitations and programmes; lists; blank employment applications; a school test; a study; a coin; a drawing; a sketch; an audio cassette; and a delegate card.
Records are arranged into the following five series: 1. Personal ; 2. Labour Zionism and union activities ; 3. Political career ; and, 4. Jewish community involvement. There are also four files and one item attached directly to the fonds.
Notes
Physical Description Note: Includes 53 photographs, 7 medallions, 11 pins, 4 posters, 2 plaques, 1 sketch, 1 drawing, 1 audio cassette, 1 desk name plate, and 1 coin.
Physical Extent Note: Fonds was reduced from approximately 7 metres to 1.5 metres. The culled material consisted primarily of published books, periodicals and pamphlets that had been collected by J.B. Salsberg. For further details about what was culled please view the accession records.
Associated Material Note: Queen's University Archive also has a J.B. Salsberg fonds, 14 hours of interview tapes with J.B. Salsberg and records of the UJPO are held by the Multicultural Historical Society of Ontario (MHSO).
Name Access
Salsberg, J.B.
Wilensky, Dora
Communist Party of Canada
Labour Progressive Party
New Fraternal Jewish Association
Subjects
Labour and unions
Politics and government
Zionism
Related Material
For additional records in OJA's holdings, see: Ben Kayfetz fonds 62, series 8, file 2 ; accession 2008-11-2 ; accession 2004-1-4 ; and oral histories AC 71 and AC 226.
Creator
Salsberg, Joseph Baruch, 1902-1998
Accession Number
1991-5-4
1992-9-4
1998-2-2
1998-12-5
2004-5-28
2010-4-1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
1980-9-1
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1980-9-1
Material Format
graphic material
textual record
Physical Description
Textual material
26 photographs : b&w (13 negatives)
Date
[193-?] - 1979
Scope and Content
This accession consists of textual and graphic material donated by Ben Himel. The textual material documents family events as well as information pertaining to the Borochov School, Poalei Zion, B'nai Brith Toronto Lodge, the Independent Workers' Circle and B'nai Zion Association of Toronto. Identified in one copy photograph of the officers of the Canadian Headgear Workers Central are J.B. Salsberg, Motel Bergstein, Henry Sigel, and Sam Chaikofsky.
Descriptive Notes
Borochov School.
Poal Zion.
B'nai Brith Toronto Lodge.
Independent Workers' Circle.
B'nai Zion Association.
Mrs. Menachovsky.
Zerabouaun.
Kreitzer.
Arbeiter Ring.
King Edward School.
Picnic.
Subjects
Labour and unions
Clubs and lodges
Zionism
Name Access
Himel, Ben
Chaikofsky, Sam
Bergstein, Motel
Sigel, Henry
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1996-3-3
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1996-3-3
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Physical Description
2.4 m of textual records and graphic materials
Date
[ca. 1940]-[ca.1995]
Scope and Content
Accession consists of the records created and/or accumulated by Nechemiah Knobel. They relate to the work of the Labour Zionist Alliance and the Borochov movement. Of note are a series of photographs documenting the unveiling of the Holocaust monument at Mount Sinai Cemetery in 1968. Identified individuals include Mayor Phil Givens, Allan Grossman, Ben Himel and Max Federman.
Subjects
Labour and unions
Zionism
Holocaust
Name Access
Knobel, Nechemiah
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1989-10-4
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1989-10-4
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Date
1989
Scope and Content
Accession consists of a souvenier booklet celebrating the 65th anniversary of Achdut Ha-Avoda Poale Zion and the 40th anniversaries of Anielewitch Branch Labour Zionist Alliance (L.Z.A.) and Zerubavel - Federman Branch L.Z.A.
Subjects
Zionism
Labour and unions
Events and celebrations
Name Access
Simon, Harry
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
Dorothy Dworkin fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 10; Item 30
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Dorothy Dworkin fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
10
Item
30
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1957]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Admin History/Bio
David Lewis was a lawyer and one of the leaders of the early CCF party. During the early years of the party, he was one of the most influential policy-makers in the CCF and travelled across the country and parts of the United States on speaking tours between and during election campaigns. During the 1950s, he moved to Toronto and joined a prominent law firm. He acted in an advisory capacity on the Trades and Labour Congress and the Canadian Congress of Labour when they formed the Canadian Labour Congress. He later helped form the New Democratic Party during the early 1960s. In 1962, he was elected to the House of Commons as a member for York South. He became NDP leader in 1971, after the retirement of T.C. Douglas. He lost his seat a few years later and began lecturing at Carleton University. He passed away in May 1981.
Scope and Content
Photograph of David Lewis speaking at a meeting given by the Cloakmaker's Union, possibly in New York. From left to right are: Dora Dworkin, Abe Kirzner, David Lewis, and others.
Notes
Photographer unknown.
Name Access
Dworkin, Dorothy
Dworkin, Dora
Kirzner, Abe
Cloakmaker's Union
Subjects
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Accession Number
2005-4-5
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Dorothy Dworkin fonds
Level
Fonds
ID
Fonds 10
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Dorothy Dworkin fonds
Level
Fonds
Fonds
10
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
1900-1971
Physical Description
12 cm of textual records
53 photographs : b&w (10 negatives) ; 23 x 30 cm or smaller
Admin History/Bio
Dorothy Dworkin (1890-1976) was a prominent health-care worker in the Toronto Jewish community and a founder of Mount Sinai Hospital (Toronto), whose family business, Dworkin Travel, assisted hundreds of European Jews immigrating to Canada. Dworkin was born in Latvia, one of ten children of William and Sarah Goldstick. She came to Canada in 1904, at 14 years of age. She studied nursing in the United States, by training at Mount Sinai Hospital in Cleveland. She then took her exams in midwifery, and in 1909, she received her diploma from the State Board of Ohio.
Ida Siegel and her brother Abe Lewis had set up a free Jewish Dispensary in Toronto on Elizabeth Street. They hired Dorothy to take charge of it after her return. She ran the dispensary during the afternoon when it was open and made house calls the rest of the day. In 1910 she helped form the dispensary's women's auxiliary. This organization distributed pasteurized milk and offered other services. Later on, they organized an orphanage for Jewish children.
In 1911 she married Henry Dworkin, who was the founder of the Toronto Labour Lyceum. The dispensary soon closed after her departure. Henry opened a small variety store in 1917, which later became the tobacco and shipping agency business called Dworkin Travel, located at 525 Dundas Street West. Together, the Dworkins helped bring in hundreds of Jewish immigrants to Toronto. They would travel to Poland, Roumania and Latvia in order to help the family members of their clients settle in Toronto. The couple had a daughter, Ellen, whom they referred to as Honey. In 1928, Henry was tragically killed in an automobile accident. The newspaper articles of the time indicated that as many as 20,000 people honoured him by attending his funeral.
After her husband's death, Dorothy ran the travel business and continued committing a great deal of her time to charitable work. She helped open Mount Sinai Hospital in 1922, and was the president of the Mount Sinai Women's Auxiliary. Throughout her life, Dorothy Dworkin played a pivotal role in helping to raise both public and financial support for this important institution.
Over the years, she also became the honourary president of the Sinais, a member of the Mount Sinai Hospital Board, president of the Continental Steamship Ticket Agents Association, a trustee of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies, and director of the Labour Lyceum. She continued to run the business and support the activities of Mount Sinai until her death in 1976, at the age of 86.
Custodial History
The records were donated by Dorothy Dworkin's daughter, Honey Arthurs, on April 9th, 1973.
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of material created and collected by Dorothy Dworkin. This includes documents relating to her work at Mount Sinai Hospital and at Dworkin Travel, personal papers and family photographs.
Notes
33 photographs are originals and 10 are copy photographs. The negatives and copy photographs were made by the OJA after acquiring the photographs.
Name Access
Goldstick
Ida Siegel
Subjects
Business and commerce
Health services and medicine
Labour and unions
Land, settlement and immigration
Personal and family life
Related Material
See fonds #45, Betty Goldstick Lindgren fonds. Her sister's fonds includes family photographs and records.
Creator
Dworkin, Dorothy, 1890-1976
Accession Number
2005-4-5
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 28
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
28
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1971
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 13 x 18 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a group portrait of the Appeals Committee at the thirty-fourth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Convention held in Miami Beach, Florida from May 6th to 14th, 1971.
Name Access
ILGWU
Subjects
Conventions and conferences
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 30
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
30
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1974
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 13 x 18 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a group portrait of the Committee on Organization at the thirty-fifth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Convention at Miami Beach, Florida, held from May 31st to June 7th, 1974.
Name Access
ILGWU
Subjects
Conventions and conferences
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 24
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
24
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1962
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 28 x 35 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a group portrait of the Committee on Jurisdiction at the thirty-first International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention held in Atlantic City, New Jersey from May 23rd to June 1st, 1962. Harry Clairmont is seated in the front row, third from left.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atalantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
ILGWU
Subjects
Conventions and conferences
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
18
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1950
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 26 x 45 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of attendees seated at tables at the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Golden Jubilee held at the Convention Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey, from May 23rd to June 1st, 1950. Leon van Gelder and the Unity House Orchestra is on the stage.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
ILGWU
Subjects
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 20
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
20
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 30 x 49 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of attendees seated at tables with their respective local unions at the twenty-ninth convention of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. The convention was held in Convention Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey from May 10th to 18th, 1956.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
ILGWU
Subjects
Conventions and conferences
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
The photograph is brittle and is starting to curl.
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 21
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
21
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 30 x 47 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates seated at their tables at the twenty-ninth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey, May 10th to 18th, 1956.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios.
Name Access
ILGWU
Subjects
Conventions and conferences
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
Photograph is brittle and is starting to curl.
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 19
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
19
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1950
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 24 x 48 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates at the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Golden Jubilee held at the Convention Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey, from May 23rd to June 1st, 1950. The delegates are sitting with their respective local unions.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
ILGWU
Subjects
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
Partially attached to glass and torn.
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 26
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
26
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1962
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 25 x 45 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates seated at their dinner tables at the thirty-first International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention held in Atlantic City, New Jersey from May 23rd to June 1st, 1962.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
ILGWU
Subjects
Conventions and conferences
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
The photograph is rolled.
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 31
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
31
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1974
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 25 x 60 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates at the thirty-fifth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention in Miami Beach, Florida held from May 31st to June 7th, 1974.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
ILGWU
Subjects
Conventions and conferences
Labour and unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
Photograph is rolled.
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
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