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Accession Number
2016-6-12
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2016-6-12
Material Format
graphic material
textual record
Physical Description
ca. 60 cm of textual records
11 photographs (3 negatives) : b&w ; 20 x 25 cm or smaller
Date
1976-[ca. 1990]
Scope and Content
Accession consists of textual and graphic records that trace Natan Sharansky's history as a prisoner of political conscience; the broader Refusenik issue; and the community advocacy efforts of Debby and Stan Solomon from 1976 and into the late 1980s at the local, national and international scales. Included are memos and newsletters from the Committee for Soviet Jewry (Ontario Region and national-level); background information as well as petition templates, speeches and planning documentation produced by the Committee to Release Anatoly Sharansky and the Beth Tikvah Synagogue in conjunction with community organizations, including the CJC and its Soviet Jewry social action committees, to support on-going advocacy efforts; correspondence with Canadian and American political representatives at the provincial/state and national levels; white papers/grey literature from non-governmental organizations about the persecution of the Soviet Jewry; planning documentation from the First Annual Sharansky Lectureship on Human Rights in 1980; correspondence, articles and ephemera associated with the granting of Sharansky's honourary law doctorate from York University in 1982; 1985 Freedom Rally/Weekend in Ottawa planning documentation and correspondence; 1987 National Conference on the Soviet Jewry and Mobilization for Freedom planning documentation; 1987 Community Rally at Massey Hall promotional materials; and promotional materials from Sharansky's autobiographical "Fear No Evil" 1988 book launch. Graphic material includes photographs of Sharansky's release during the February 11, 1986 American-Soviet prisoner exchange on the Glienicke Bridge in Berlin.
Identified in the photographs are: Debby Solomon; Alan Solomon; Natan Sharansky; Avital Sharansky; U.S. Ambassador Richard Burt;
Custodial History
Material was collected and/or created by Debby Solomon, Natan Sharansky's cousin. Debby donated it to the OJA.
Administrative History
Debby Solomon is the cousin of Anatoly (Natan) Sharansky, the Soviet born Israeli politician, human activist and author who spent nine years in Soviet prisons. Debby's father Boris Landis (born 1900) and Sharansky's father were first cousins.Their grandfathers were brothers. Debby's father immigrated 1929 to Toronto from Russia as his older brothers were already in Toronto. Debby and her husband Stan Solomon got involved in the community's activism efforts to free Sharansky and other Refuseniks.They were worked for many years on these efforts by planning programs through their synagogue Beth Tikvah and with Sam Filer, a lawyer and volunteer at the CJC who was also a member of Beth Tikvah.
Subjects
Antisemitism
Politics and government
Human rights
Demonstrations
Synagogues
Committees
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2016-9-4
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2016-9-4
Material Format
graphic material
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w ; 25 x 94 cm and 23 x 96 cm
Date
1950, 1956
Scope and Content
Accession consists of two panoramic photographs of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union conventions in Atlantic City, NJ. The first photo features a large group of men and women seated at tables at a convention hall in Atlantic City, N.J. Beneath the Union Emblem a banner reads "1900 Golden Jubilee 1950", May 23-June 1. Numerous union banners are displayed in addition to local unions signs. On stage is a speaker behind whom is seated several rows of men and several women. Written in lower left corner is "R1 Central Studios, Atlantic City, N.J."
The second photo features an outdoor group shot of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, 29th convention in Atlantic City, N.J., May 10-18, 1956. The individuals in the first two rows are seated, with the balance standing behand. Lower right corner reads "Central Studios".
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2017-2-12
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2017-2-12
Material Format
multiple media
Physical Description
45 cm of textual records and other material
230 photographs : sepia and b&w ; 23 x 30 cm and smaller
8 sound recordings (50 wav files; 1 microcassette)
1 artifact
Date
1937-2004
Scope and Content
Accession consists of textual records, photographs and audio recordings documenting the lives of Dick Steele, his wife Esther and friend Bill Walsh. The materials are mostly correspondences between Dick and Esther during his internment at the Don Jail and Ontario Reformatory in Guelph, and from Dick and Bill's military service overseas during the Second World War. They also include correspondences between Esther and Bill, Bill and Anne Walsh, "Jack" and Esther, and other family and friends. Some of the letters show evidence of being censored. There are news clippings in English and Yiddish about the family from various newspapers including the Canadian Tribune (a Communist Party paper). There is a letter Esther wrote to campaign for Dick's release from internment, part of women's activism in this period. There is also a photocopy of a memoir written by Moses Kosowatsky and Moses Wolofsky "From the Land of Despair to the Land of Promise" ca. 1930s. The photographs include Dick and Bill in the army during the Second World War, a signed picture of Tim Buck addressed to Esther and the twins and a photo of Dick delivering a speech related to the Steel Workers. Also included is a recording of edited sound clips of Bill and Esther talking about Dick, Esther speaking about the letters, (how she received letters and flowers from Dick after he had already been killed), Bill reading a letter Dick wrote to Esther that he left with friends in England to send her in the case that he was killed (which he was), recordings of "Bill Walsh Oral history" Vols.1 and 2 compiled by Leib Wolofsky's (Bill's nephew), and 5 audio recordings by Adrianna Steele-Card with her grandparents Bill and Esther. There is also a microcassette labelled "Joe Levitt." The accession also includes the stripe of a German corporal that Bill captured as a prisoner, peace stamps and an early copy of Cy Gonick's A Very Red Life: The Story of Bill Walsh, edited by Bill.
Administrative History
Richard (Dick) Kennilworth Steele is the name adopted by Moses Kosowatsky. He was born in 1909 in Montreal to Samuel Kosowatsky and Fanny Held. He lived in a laneway off Clark Street below Sherbrooke where his father collected and recycled bottles. He grew up with his siblings Joseph, Mortimer, Matthew, Gertrude and Edward. Bill Walsh (Moishe Wolofsky) was born in 1910, to Sarah and Herschel Wolofsky, the Editor of the Keneder Adler (Montreal's prominent Yiddish newspaper). He attended Baron Byng and then Commercial High School where he met Dick Steele. Bill recalled that Dick denounced militarism in the school when a teacher tried to recruit students to be cadets. Bill moved to New York City in 1927. His brother, who was living there, helped him get a job as a messenger on Wall Street. He also worked in the drug department at Macy's while attending courses at Columbia University in the evening. Dick worked on a ship for a year and then joined Bill in New York City in 1928. Dick worked at a chemical plant called Linde Air Products while also studying in the evenings at Columbia University. In 1931 Dick and Bill boarded a ship together in New York bound for Copenhagen. Together they travelled across Europe, witnessed a Nazi demonstration in Breslau, Germany and found work in Minsk and Moscow, Russia. This trip inspired them to become Communists. In 1933 Bill's father was on a Canadian trade mission to Poland, which he left to "rescue" his son from the Bolsheviks. Bill agreed to return to Canada after being advised to do so by the Comintern. He then changed his name to Bill Walsh to protect his family. In 1934 Bill moved to Toronto. He worked as the Educational Director for the Industrial Union of Needle Trade Workers and the Communist Party where he met Esther Slominsky/Silver, the organization's office manager. Dick joined Bill in Toronto soon after. Bill introduced Dick and Esther who then married. In 1940, Esther gave birth to twin sons Michael and John Steele. Esther was born in Toronto in 1914 to Joseph Slominsky and Fanny (Blackersany?). Her siblings were Bella, Eileen, Morris and step-sister Eva. Her father Joseph was a cloak maker and Esther also worked in the garment industry. Her mother Fanny passed away in 1920 at the age of 26 from tuberculosis. Dick was a metal worker and became a union organizer in the east end of Toronto. He was the head organizer of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) and the Steel Workers Organizing Committee of Canada (SWOC) until 1940 when he was dismissed for being a Communist. Bill helped organize Kitchener's rubber workers into an industrial union and was also an organizer for the United Auto Workers of Windsor, Ontario. Jack Steele, an alias for Dick's brother Mortimer, fought with the Mackenzie-Papineau Brigade in the Spanish Civil War. Jack Steele was recalled to Canada in October 1937 to rally support for the efforts in Spain, returned to the front in June 1938 and was killed in action in August. Some of Dick's letters to his wife Esther are signed "Salud, Jack" and were likely written in 1940 when the Communist Party (CP) was banned by the Canadian Government under the War Measures Act. In November 1941, after Mackenzie King's call for enlistment, Dick wrote to the Department of Justice to ask permission to join the army. He never received a reply. On 1 April 1942 Dick's home was raided and he was interned at the Don Jail until September 1942 when he was moved to the Ontario Reformatory in Guelph. Esther wrote a letter to Louis St. Laurent, Minister of Justice to appeal on his behalf. Major public campaigning by communists and the wartime alliance with the USSR after 1941 shifted public opinion toward the CP and the Canadian Government slowly began releasing internees in January 1942. Dick was released in October 1942 and enlisted at the end of the month. Dick died on August 17, 1944 in Normandy, France. He was a tank driver in the Canadian Army. Bill was similarly arrested in 1941, spending time in jail and then an internment camp with other members of the CP. He joined the Canadian army in 1943 and fought in Holland and Belgium. Bill was first married to Anne Weir who died of a brain hemorrhage in 1943 just before he enlisted. The family believes this may have been due to drinking unpasteurized milk. Encouraged by Dick Steele to take care of his family should he pass in the war, Bill married Esther Steele in 1946. They had a daughter named Sheri and were members of the United Jewish People's Order. For 20 years Walsh worked for the Hamilton region of the United Electrical Workers (UE). Bill remained a member of the CP until 1967 when we was expelled for criticizing another union leader. He died in 2004. Esther passed away in 2010 at age 96.
Use Conditions
Partially closed. Researchers must receive permission from the OJA Director prior to accessing some of the records.
Descriptive Notes
RELATED MATERIAL NOTE: Library and Archives Canada has the William Walsh fonds and MG 28, ser. I 268, USWA, vol.4, SWOC Correspondence, has various letters from Dick Steele ca. 1938. Museum of Jewish Montreal has an oral history with Leila Mustachi (daughter of Max Wolofsky, Bill's brother) where she speaks about Bill, Dick and Esther. USE CONDITION NOTES: For "Bill Walsh Oral history" Vols.1 and 2, some contributors stipulate that recordings are restricted to personal use only and must not be used for any commercial purpose.
Subjects
World War, 1939-1945
Politics and government
Labour and unions
Name Access
Steele, Michael
Steele, Dick
Walsh, Bill
Walsh, Esther Steele
Places
Guelph, Ont.
Toronto, Ont.
Hamilton, Ont.
Oshawa, Ont.
Ottawa, Ont.
Montreal, Que.
Fort William/Thunder Bay, Ont.
Germany
England
Holland
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2018-1-4
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2018-1-4
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
22 cm of textual records
Date
[ca. 1928]-[200-?]
Scope and Content
Accession consists of records relating to labour and the garment industry in Toronto, Montreal, and Hamilton. Included are research leads as well as copies of relevant records held at various repositories in Canada and the United States including Library and Archives Canada, Archives of Ontario, Queen's University and the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) and the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA) archives held at Cornell University. Also included are newsclippings, journal articles and correspondence from Tulchinsky to various individuals associated with the clothing trade asking for interviews or information for his research on the garment industry in Canada. Finally, there are copies of a few PhD dissertations on the subject.
Administrative History
Dr. Gerald Tulchinsky was Professor Emeritus at Queen's University, Department of History, and author of several books on the history of Canadian Jewry and labour issues in Canada. His books include: Shtetl on the Grand (2015); Joe Salsberg: A Life of Commitment (2013); Canada's Jews: A People's Journey (2008); Branching Out: The Transformation of the Canadian Jewish Community (1998); Taking Root: The Origins of the Canadian Jewish Community (1992); and The River Barons: Montreal Businessmen and the Growth of Industry and Transportation, 1837-53 (1977).
Tulchinsky was born in Brantford, Ontario in 1933 to Harry and Anne Tulchinsky. He resided in Kingston, Ontario until his death on 13 Dec. 2017.
Use Conditions
Closed. Researchers must receive permission from the OJA Director prior to accessing the records.
Subjects
Labor unions
Clothing trade
Name Access
Tulchinsky, Gerald, 1933-2017
Places
Hamilton (Ont.)
Toronto (Ont.)
Montréal (Québec)
Source
Archival Accessions
Name
Jack Abel
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
1986
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Jack Abel
Number
AC 034
AC 035
Subject
Labor
Labor unions
Occupations
Recreation
Antisemitism
Societies
Cemeteries
Interview Date
1986
Quantity
2
Interviewer
Morris Silbert
Total Running Time
034A: 31:10 minutes 034B: 31:10 minutes 035A: 31:10 minuets 035B: 13:52 minuets
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Notes
The end of the reference copy of AC 35 is not very audible. The original cassette may be clearer.
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Jack Abel's career in the garment industry began in the 1920s taking him through the dressmaker's strike of 1932. Abel's experiences with antisemitism were numerous, he participated in the Christie Pits riot, he was active in politics and became an early member of the Mozirer Society. Abel became financial secretary of the Mozirer Society and was involved in the purchase and administration of the Roselawn and Bathurst Lawn cemeteries.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Abel, Jack
Mozirer Sick Benefit Society
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
G:\Description\Oral Histories\AC 034, 035, Jack Abel\AC 034 and 035 transcript.pdf
Source
Oral Histories
Name
J.B. Salsberg
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
Sept. 1985
Source
Oral Histories
Name
J.B. Salsberg
Number
AC 071
Subject
Labor movement
Labor unions
Women
Demonstrations
Interview Date
Sept. 1985
Quantity
1
Total Running Time
071A: 44:50 minuets 071B: 35:55 minuets
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Joseph Baruch Salsberg (1902-1998) was a labour leader, political activist, politician, newspaper columnist and a man who dedicated his life to Yiddishkeit and the advancement of social justice. He was active in various Jewish organizations, including; the Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC), the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto, and the New Fraternal Jewish Association. In 1938 he was elected as Alderman on Toronto’s City Council and elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1943. He is well remembered by contemporaries, such as Sam Lipshitz, as a "champion of the people', committed to social justice, the plight of the working-class, and the preservation of Jewish culture.
This oral history includes Salsberg's personal reminiscences on the Toronto Jewish community, the Polish Jewish community and issues related to women's labour and the unions in the garment industry.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers Union
Salsberg, J. B. (Joseph B.), 1902-1998
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
Side 1:
0.0-6.30: Joseph Baruch Salsberg was born in Poland in 1902 to Abraham and Sara Salsberg. Abraham migrated to Toronto in 1910 and Joseph followed with his mother and two younger sisters in 1913.
6.30-18.39: Prior to 1913 Poland was primarily a peasant and agricultural society with the majority of the Jewish population living and working as tradesmen in the villages. Salsberg discusses the difficult relationship between the Poles and Jews under the power of the Czar.
18:40-24.14: Salsberg discusses the Canadian government’s collaboration with the CP Railroad to launch advertising campaigns attracting potential immigrants to come and live in Canada.
24.22-33.24: Salsberg discusses the experiences of his mother as a young Jewish immigrant and her adjustment to life in Toronto.
33.25-37.30: Salsberg discusses the Ward, an area between University and Yonge as being the heartland of early Jewish settlement. He describes the area as being the natural choice for Jews to live, the rents were cheap, Synagogues and community centers were nearby as were and their places of employment. The center for Jewish shopping was Kensington Market with shops along McCaul and Baldwin Streets, shopping at Eatons was reserved for “special occasions”.
37.32-39.50: Salsberg discusses the hardships faced by Polish immigrant Jews arriving in Toronto after World War One.
39.52-44.45: Salsberg discusses his father an Orthodox man who eventually went into the junk business and became one of the founders of the first Talmud Torah, his mother was active in the Ladies Auxillary of the School and remained it’s President for 50 years.
End
Side 2:
0.03-5.37: Salsberg discusses the religious and cultural divisions that dominated social and communal living in Poland under Czarist rule and the resulting division between Jews and non- Jewish Polish immigrants in Toronto
5.38-8.28: Salsberg discusses the example set by his mother on matters of religious observance and importance of the woman’s role in the family.
8.29-11.08: Salsberg discusses his mother’s activities outside the home. Sarah Salsberg was the first woman to challenge the burial custom of not allowing husband and wife to be buried side by side. Sarah won her challenge and was buried alongside her husband.
11.10-12.28: Salsberg discusses his orientation towards labor Zionism and his parent’s reaction to his political views. Sarah Salsberg was a “broad-minded” woman and friendly with those active in the movement, while his father clung to his own group.
12.29-13.53: Salsberg discusses the garment trade and the organizers who become members of the Ladies Garment Workers Union. Salsberg goes on to speak of his mother’s approval and secret admiration of the women in the Ladies Garment Union.
13.54-14.44: Salsberg discusses the role of Jewish immigrant women using the example of the Eatons strike in 1911 led by Jewish tailors, both men and women.
14.45-15.00: Salsberg discusses the Triangle Fire in New York as the impetus that led to the birth of the ILGWU in America and the ILGWU’s influence on the Canadian Garment industry.
15.03-15.40: Salsberg discusses the New York Yiddish Dailies the “Forward” and Tagblat delivered and read daily by Toronto’s Jewish community as another factor in the establishment of the Ladies Garment Workers Union in Canada.
15.41-20.39: Salsberg discusses the introduction by Eatons to changes in production methods that would have tailors, mostly men, taking on the job of women finishers. The refusal by the tailors to take away the jobs of women would lead to the first sit down strike by tailors in Canada.
20.40-21.20: Salsberg discusses the recognition of women’s rights in the early garment workers unions. The Dressmakers section of the ILGWU in Toronto was predominantly women who led strikes and fought on picket lines.
21.21-23.44: Salsberg discusses Union sentiment within the Jewish community and the enforcement by some of the more militant women on community shopkeepers to use Union labels on their products.
23.45-24.39: Salsberg discusses single Jewish women who confronted with financial hardship worked in predominately Jewish factories.
24.40-26.07: Salsberg discusses the economic nature of the garment industry, the competition and undercutting in the industry factories and the continuous strikes and stoppages by employees opposed to wage cuts.
26.08-31.15: Salsberg discusses the important contributions in the areas of the labor force, education and social responsibility made to Ontario by Jewish immigrant women. Women worked alongside men in order to improve their economic position and establish themselves within the community. Jewish women placed a great emphasis on education and as a result a high percentage of their children would graduate from institutions such as Harbord Collegiate and Jarvis Collegiate with scholarships. Salsberg speaks of his late wife Dora Wilensky who graduated from Jarvis Collegiate with the highest mark of any girl student in Ontario earning a five-year scholarship to McMaster University and becoming a prominent Social Worker within the Jewish community.
31.16-33.09: Salsberg discusses the differences in opportunity for young Jewish men and young Jewish women. As the only boy in the family he was expected to set the path by going to a theological school in NY but to the dismay of his parents he became radicalized in leftist politics.
33.10-35.55: Although Salsberg’s parents were never involved in the labour movement and disagreed with his leftist philosophy, they were pleased by his election in 1938 as Alderman on Toronto’s City Council and his election to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1943.
End
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Joseph Salsberg discusses the events that led to the birth of the International Ladies' Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) in America and the ILGWU's influence on the Canadian Garment Industry.

In this clip, Joseph Salsberg discusses Canada

Name
Ben Himel
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
Jan 24, 1983
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Ben Himel
Number
AC 135
Subject
Education
Fraternal organizations
Labor unions
Zionism
Interview Date
Jan 24, 1983
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Stephen Speisman
Total Running Time
135A: 26:40 minutes 135B: 29:20 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Notes
Interview does not start at beginning.
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Ben Himel was Vice President and founder of the Borochov School and Kindergarten. Himel was affliated with the Poale Zion,Jewish National Workers Alliance (Farband), the Independent Workers Circle and The Board of Jewish Education
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Himel, Ben
Speisman, Stephen
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Benjamin Himel discusses the ideologies of Canada's Labor Movements during the 1930s and 1940s.

In this clip, Benjamin Himel discusses the Zionist movement within the Toronto Jewish community during the 1930s and 40s.

Name
Max Federman
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
March 19, 1976
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Max Federman
Number
AC 149
AC 150
Subject
Labor
Labor unions
Occupations
Industries
Interview Date
March 19, 1976
Quantity
2
Interviewer
Ben Schneider
Total Running Time
AC149A: 30. minutes AC149B: 30. minutes AC150A: 1. minute
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Max Federman was born in Poland. In 1919, Max moved to Germany where he attended school. He joined his father in Toronto in 1920. A union leader, labour Zionist and ardent-Communist, Max became actively involved in the union movement and served as representative of the Local Fur Workers Union. He was involved in a twenty year battle with the Communist leadership of the International Furrier Union until they disbanded and merged with the International Amalgamated Meat Cutters Union. Max was involved in Jewish community organizations including the Histadrut, Borochov School, and the United Jewish Welfare Fund.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Goldman, Emma
Federman, Max
Schneider, Ben
Geographic Access
Toronto
Germany
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
G:\Description\Oral Histories\AC 149, 150, Max Federman\AC 149, 150 notes.pdf
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Max Federman describes the conflict between the Federation of Labour (F of L) and Communist International Union (CIU) from 1938-1956. He discusses the steps in which the International Fur and Leather Union disaffiliated with the International Union to join the Amalgamated Meat Cutters Union in 1956.

In this clip, Max Federman discusses his early involvement with a trade union while living in Germany in 1919.

Name
Dora Till
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
May 4, 1983
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Dora Till
Number
AC 151
Subject
Immigrants--Canada
Families
Labor
Labor unions
Women
Occupations
Interview Date
May 4, 1983
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Stephen Speisman
Total Running Time
46 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Dora Till (nee Tobias) was born in New York City in 1896. She came to Toronto in 1900. She married Morris Till in 1918. They had one daughter, Cecile. As a youth, Dora was involved with Herzl Girls and the Boot and Shoe Society. Dora was active in community service and contributed greatly to social service work. She was co-founder and first President for Mothers' and Babes' Summer Rest Home, Vice-President of the Hebrew Maternity Aid Society, a board member for the Jewish Family and Child Services, an executive for the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies, Honourary Vice-President of United Jewish Welfare Fund, on the board of Canadian Jewish Congress and past President of the Naomi Chapter of Hadassah-WIZO.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Herzl Girls Boot and Shoe Society, 1920
Mothers and Babes Summer Rest Home
Baycrest Hospital
United Jewish Welfare Fund
Beth Tzedec Synagogue
Timothy Eaton Company
Till, Dora
Geographic Access
Toronto
Bronte
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Dora Till discusses some of the services provided by Hebrew Maternity Aid.

Dora Till was co-founder and first President for Mothers and Babes Summer Rest Home. In this clip, Dora describes the efforts to solicit and fundraise on behalf of the Mothers and Babes Summer Rest Home.

Name
Kalmen Kaplansky
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
September 20, 1985
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Kalmen Kaplansky
Number
AC 109
Subject
Antisemitism
Human rights
Immigrants--Canada
Labor
Labor unions
Refugees--Canada
Interview Date
September 20, 1985
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Phyllis Platnick
Total Running Time
109A: 60 minutes 109B: 6 minutes
Conservation
Not copied. Need 120 minute tape.
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Kalmen was born January 5, 1912 in Poland. He worked in Montreal as a typesetter and linotype operator. He was active in the labour and human rights movements in Canada. Kalmen served as the director of the Jewish Labour Committee in 1945. In collaboration with the Canadian Jewish Congress, the Canadian government and trade unions the Jewish Labour Committee helped Jewish displaced persons immigrate to Canada by securing them employment. Kalman sat on the Refugee Status Advisory Committee for the federal government.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Kaplansky, Kalmen
Platnick, Phyllis
Jewish Labour Committee
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Kalmen Kaplansky discusses some of the obstacles to the relocation of displaced Jews to Canada after the Second World War. He describes a tripartite proposal involving consultation and cooperation among trade unions, management and government that enabled the immigration project.

In this clip, Kalmen Kaplansky explains that bribery, corruption and perjury were a way of life after the Second World War. He relates anecdotes as illustration.

Name
Max Enkin
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
April 13, 1986
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Max Enkin
Number
AC 113
AC 114
Subject
Antisemitism
Immigrants--Canada
Labor unions
Nonprofit organizations
Occupations
Refugees--Canada
Interview Date
April 13, 1986
Quantity
2
Interviewer
Phyllis Platnick
Total Running Time
AC113: 19:40 minuets
AC114:
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Max Enkin was founder and a leading member of the Jewish Vocational Service of Toronto. The original purpose of the organization was to help survivors of the Second World War find employment. In 1947, as Associate Administrator and representative for the Men's Clothing sector in Ontario, Max Enkin became involved in The "Tailor Project". The project was designed to identify and select skilled tailors from the DP camps of Europe and help to settle them in Canada.
Max Enkin was awarded the OBE in Recognition of services to Wartime Prices.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Enkin, Max
Platnick, Phyllis
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
AC 113
History of Immigration of Skilled Tailors from the Displaced Person Camps after WWII 1946 –
0.07: How the project got started
0.20: Canadian Government in relation to skilled workers in Canada 1946
1.19: Canadian Jewish Congress in relation to DP camps in Europe.
2.45: Canadian Government restricted immigration 1946.
3.11: Canadian Jewish Congress in relation to Garment industry.
4.13: Canadian Government in relation to UNRRA and immigration to Canada (UNRRA: United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration founded 1943 and became part of the UN in 1945).
5.29: JIAS Jewish Immigrant Aid Services.
5.39: Congress and Immigration to Canada.
5.58: Garment industry Union and Immigration to Canada
6.30: McNamara Deputy Minister of Labour from Winnipeg (circa 1946).
7.18: Labor and Management Representatives of the ILGE 1946 (ILGE - International Ladies Garment Workers Union?). Mr. Sam Hirsch of Winnipeg, representative of the Union for Men & Women. Mr. Bernard Shane of Montreal, Executive Director of the ILGE. Mr.? Solomon of Montreal, representative of Manufacturers Union of Montreal. Sam Posluns of Toronto representative of the Women’s Union. Max Enkin of Toronto, representative of the Men’s Union Ontario.
9.05: Beginning of the project by the ILGE to bring Jews from DP camps in Europe to Canada. Trip to London England by the 5 member body of ILGE. Difficulty in gaining clearance papers to gain entry into Germany & Austria.
11.34: C.D Howe Canadian Cabinet Minister serving under McKenzie King Meeting with ILGE in Canada House, London England.
13.20: Enkin meeting with C.D. Howe and question of quota of Jews allowed into Canada.
14.13: Federal Liberal Government, Quebec and Ottawa vis a vis Jewish immigration.
15.5: McKenzie King, Prime Minister and Ernest Lapointe, Member of Parliament/Quebec and immigration of Jews.
15.56: Jewish population, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg 3 largest centers 17.0-19.4: Antisemitism in Canada.
End: Rest of tape 19.50 -30.42 inaudible.
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Max Enkin discusses the organizations, government departments and union representatives involved in the development and implementation of the Tailor Project.

In this clip, Max Enkin discusses the Liberal Government

Name
Bess Maltinsky Shockett
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
November 18, 2004
December 7, 2004
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Bess Maltinsky Shockett
Number
AC 288
Subject
Committees
Labor
Labor unions
Interview Date
November 18, 2004
December 7, 2004
Quantity
4
Interviewer
Jillian Gould
Total Running Time
AC 288A: 31 minutes
AC 288B: 31 minutes
Conservation
Copies made for Bess' son Michael on four 90 minute tapes
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Bess was born in the Ukraine in 1920. She immigrated to Montreal in 1925 with her parents and two brothers. She married Barry Shockett in 1952 and had three children. As an adolescent, Bess became very active in the Jewish community and joined the United Jewish People's Order. She helped organize a union for workers in the knitting industry and later did the same for fur workers. She also travelled to Winnipeg to organize a laundry workers union. She helped found the New Fraternal Jewish Association in 1960 and was actively involved in the organization. She became very active in the Toronto Jewish community, particularly in regards to supporting and launching several innovative Yiddish programs. She staffed the office of the CJC's Committee for Yiddish in its early years, and was Director from 1974 to 1989.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
United Jewish People's Order
New Fraternal Jewish Association
Committee for Yiddish
Geographic Access
Montreal
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

Bess became President of the Youth Division of the United Jewish People’s Order in Montreal in 1946. In this clip, Bess shares some of her memories and experiences as a representative to the First International Conference of Youth held in Prague in 1947.

In this clip, Bess discusses the events that led up to the formation of a new left-leaning organization, the New Fraternal Jewish Association, which broke away from the United Jewish People’s Order in 1960.

Part Of
Fur Workers' Union fonds
Level
Fonds
ID
Fonds 12
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Fur Workers' Union fonds
Level
Fonds
Fonds
12
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[between 1935 and 1949]
Physical Description
3 photographs : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Admin History/Bio
The International Fur Workers' Union was founded by eight local unions in 1913 and held members in both the United States of America and Canada
Scope and Content
Fonds consists of photographs created and/or accumulated by the Fur Workers' Union.
Name Access
Fur Workers' Union
Subjects
Labor unions
Creator
Fur Worker's Union, 1913-
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 4408
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
4408
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1985
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of Wally Reinstein, the National Hillel co-ordinator lighting a candle for Soviet refuseniks at Nathan Phillips Square. A Jewish Student's Union B'nai Brith Hillel banner can be seen in the background.
Notes
Original photos by Graphic Artists, Toronto.
Subjects
Demonstrations
Hanukkah
Refuseniks
Places
Nathan Phillips Square (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
1986-12-3
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 4407
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
4407
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1985
Physical Description
1 photograph
Scope and Content
Wally Reinstein, National Hillel Co-ordinator.
Notes
Original photos by Graphic Artists, Toronto.
Subjects
Demonstrations
Hanukkah
Refuseniks
Places
Nathan Phillips Square (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
1986-12-3
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Zionist Organization of Canada fonds
Central Region sous-fonds
Subject files series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 28-1; Series 7; File 13
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Zionist Organization of Canada fonds
Central Region sous-fonds
Subject files series
Level
File
Fonds
28-1
Series
7
File
13
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1966
Physical Description
7 photographs : b&w and col. ; 21 x 26 cm and 10 x 14 cm
Scope and Content
The file consists of photographs taken of an Arab protest against Israel.
Subjects
Demonstrations
Israel
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
6
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[1933?]
Physical Description
3 photographs : b&w ; 13 x 18 cm
Admin History/Bio
On July 11, 1933 over 15,000 people (mostly Jewish and working class) walked off the job to protest Nazism, fascism, and other human rights issues. Reported in the Globe and Mail as the largest protest of its kind in Canada since the 1919 Winnipeg general strike, a united front of all the needle trade unions and over fifty Jewish organizations took part.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of an International Left Opposition (I.L.O.) demonstration depicting a large group of protestors walking carrying banners. This is likely the large anti-fascist protest, which took place in Toronto on July 11, 1933.
Notes
One copy is a close-up photograph.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Anti-fascist movements
Banners
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Related Material
See also accession #1988-4/8 for a broadside notice for this strike and demonstration. For additional images of this protest see Fonds 32, items 8, 9, 11, 13, and 15.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 7
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
7
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 12 x 7 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a demonstration, likely organized by the International Left Opposition. Several people are walking together displaying banners, one of which reads the Workers' Party of Canada, Toronto Branches.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Workers' Party of Canada
Subjects
Banners
Communism
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 8
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
8
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[1933?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Admin History/Bio
On July 11, 1933 over 15,000 people (mostly Jewish and working class) walked off the job to protest Nazism, fascism, and other human rights issues. Reported in the Globe and Mail as the largest protest of its kind in Canada since the 1919 Winnipeg general strike, a united front of all the needle trade unions and over fifty Jewish organizations took part.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a woman holding a banner at an International Left Opposition demonstration. There are others holding banners behind her and people sitting along the side watching the demonstration. This image was likely taken during the large anti-fascist demonstration, which took place in Toronto on July 11, 1933.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Anti-fascist movements
Banners
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Related Material
See also accession #1988-4/8 for a broadside notice for this strike and demonstration. For additional images of this protest see Fonds 32, items 6, 9, 11, 13, and 15.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 9
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
9
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[1933?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Admin History/Bio
On July 11, 1933 over 15,000 people (mostly Jewish and working class) walked off the job to protest Nazism, fascism, and other human rights issues. Reported in the Globe and Mail as the largest protest of its kind in Canada since the 1919 Winnipeg general strike, a united front of all the needle trade unions and over fifty Jewish organizations took part.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a group of male and female demonstrators holding banners at an International Left Opposition demonstration. This photo was likely taken during the large anti-fascist demonstration in Toronto on July 11, 1933.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Anti-fascist movements
Banners
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Related Material
See also accession #1988-4/8 for a broadside notice for this strike and demonstration. For additional images of this protest see Fonds 32, items 6, 8, 11, 13, and 15.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 11
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
11
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[1933?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Admin History/Bio
On July 11, 1933 over 15,000 people (mostly Jewish and working class) walked off the job to protest Nazism, fascism, and other human rights issues. Reported in the Globe and Mail as the largest protest of its kind in Canada since the 1919 Winnipeg general strike, a united front of all the needle trade unions and over fifty Jewish organizations took part.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a group of International Left Opposition demonstrators standing together with their banners. This photo was likely taken during the large anti-fascist demonstration, which took place in Toronto on July 11, 1933.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Anti-fascist movements
Banners
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Related Material
See also accession #1988-4/8 for a broadside notice for this strike and demonstration. For additional images of this protest see Fonds 32, items 6, 8, 9, 13, and 15.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 12
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
12
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of an International Left Opposition demonstration held in Toronto. The demonstrators are walking down Bathurst Street at Ulster and are carrying banners saying "Fight Wage Cuts", "Workers Organize or Starve", and "For the Revolutionary Defense of the Soviet Union".
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Banners
Demonstrations
Socialism
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Bathurst Street (Toronto, Ont.)
Ulster Street (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 13
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
13
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[1933?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Admin History/Bio
On July 11, 1933 over 15,000 people (mostly Jewish and working class) walked off the job to protest Nazism, fascism, and other human rights issues. Reported in the Globe and Mail as the largest protest of its kind in Canada since the 1919 Winnipeg general strike, a united front of all the needle trade unions and over fifty Jewish organizations took part.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of two men holding a banner with a slogan which reads "To Victory! Under the Banner of Lenin and Trotsky" at an International Left Opposition demonstration in Toronto. This photo was likely taken during the large anti-fascist demonstration that took place in Toronto on July 11, 1933.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Banners
Communism
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Related Material
See also accession #1988-4/8 for a broadside notice for this strike and demonstration. For additional images of this protest see Fonds 32, items 6, 8, 9, 11, and 15.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 14
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
14
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of an International Left Opposition demonstration in Toronto. Demonstrators are carrying banners in support of socialist and communist organizations and their tenets.
Notes
Image is slightly blurred.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Banners
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 15
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
15
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[1933?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Admin History/Bio
On July 11, 1933 over 15,000 people (mostly Jewish and working class) walked off the job to protest Nazism, fascism, and other human rights issues. Reported in the Globe and Mail as the largest protest of its kind in Canada since the 1919 Winnipeg general strike, a united front of all the needle trade unions and over fifty Jewish organizations took part.
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of participants holding various banners at an International Left Opposition demonstration in Toronto. This photo was likely taken during the large anti-fascist demonstration which took place in Toronto on July 11, 1933.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Anti-fascist movements
Banners
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Related Material
See also accession #1988-4/8 for a broadside notice for this strike and demonstration. For additional images of this protest see Fonds 32, items 6, 8, 9, 11, and 13.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 16
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
16
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of an International Left Opposition demonstration depicting participants carrying banners for the Workers Party of Canada, Toronto Branches and banners containing slogans against fascism.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Workers' Party of Canada
Subjects
Banners
Communism
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 17
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
17
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of International Left Opposition demonstrators standing in a park holding banners for the Workers Party of Canada, Toronto Branches and others with slogans such as "To Victory Under the Banner of Lenin and Trotsky", and "Forward to the New 4th International".
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Banners
Communism
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 10
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
10
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 7 x 12 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of International Left Opposition demonstrators walking down Bathurst Street in Toronto carrying banners with socialist slogans.
Name Access
International Left Opposition
Subjects
Banners
Demonstrations
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Bathurst Street (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-11-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 4406
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
4406
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1985
Physical Description
1 photograph
Scope and Content
Wally Reinstein, National Hillel Co-ordinator.
Notes
Original photos by Graphic Artists, Toronto.
Subjects
Demonstrations
Hanukkah
Refuseniks
Places
Nathan Phillips Square (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
1986-12-3
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1440
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1440
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1931
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a group of women dressmakers picketing on Spadina Ave. in Toronto. They are holding a sign that reads: Dresmakers General Strike, Dresmakers Union, I.L.G.W.U.
Notes
Acquired June 22, 1975.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Labor unions
Strikes and lockouts
Women
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Spadina Avenue (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
1977-7-1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 3078
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
3078
Material Format
graphic material
Date
31 May 1981
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 21 x 26 cm and 10 x 12 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of Ernst Zundel (pictured centre in a hard hat) with his supporters on the front lawn of his home in Cabbagetown. They are holding signs with various slogans denying the Holocaust.
Notes
Photo by Ben Lechtman.
Name Access
Zundel, Ernst, 1939-2017
Subjects
Antisemitism
Demonstrations
Holocaust denial
Places
Carlton Street (Toronto, Ont.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Dorothy Dworkin fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 10; Item 30
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Dorothy Dworkin fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
10
Item
30
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1957]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Admin History/Bio
David Lewis was a lawyer and one of the leaders of the early CCF party. During the early years of the party, he was one of the most influential policy-makers in the CCF and travelled across the country and parts of the United States on speaking tours between and during election campaigns. During the 1950s, he moved to Toronto and joined a prominent law firm. He acted in an advisory capacity on the Trades and Labour Congress and the Canadian Congress of Labour when they formed the Canadian Labour Congress. He later helped form the New Democratic Party during the early 1960s. In 1962, he was elected to the House of Commons as a member for York South. He became NDP leader in 1971, after the retirement of T.C. Douglas. He lost his seat a few years later and began lecturing at Carleton University. He passed away in May 1981.
Scope and Content
Photograph of David Lewis speaking at a meeting given by the Cloakmaker's Union, possibly in New York. From left to right are: Dora Dworkin, Abe Kirzner, David Lewis, and others.
Notes
Photographer unknown.
Name Access
Cloakmaker's Union
Kirzner, Abe
Subjects
Labor unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
New York (N.Y.).
Accession Number
2005-4-5
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 28
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
28
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1971
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 13 x 18 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a group portrait of the Appeals Committee at the thirty-fourth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Convention held in Miami Beach, Florida from May 6th to 14th, 1971.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
Miami (Fla.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 30
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
30
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1974
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 13 x 18 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a group portrait of the Committee on Organization at the thirty-fifth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Convention at Miami Beach, Florida, held from May 31st to June 7th, 1974.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
Miami Beach (Fla.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 24
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
24
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1962
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 28 x 35 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a group portrait of the Committee on Jurisdiction at the thirty-first International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention held in Atlantic City, New Jersey from May 23rd to June 1st, 1962. Harry Clairmont is seated in the front row, third from left.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atalantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
18
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1950
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 26 x 45 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of attendees seated at tables at the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Golden Jubilee held at the Convention Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey, from May 23rd to June 1st, 1950. Leon van Gelder and the Unity House Orchestra is on the stage.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Anniversaries
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 20
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
20
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 30 x 49 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of attendees seated at tables with their respective local unions at the twenty-ninth convention of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. The convention was held in Convention Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey from May 10th to 18th, 1956.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
The photograph is brittle and is starting to curl.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 21
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
21
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 30 x 47 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates seated at their tables at the twenty-ninth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey, May 10th to 18th, 1956.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
Photograph is brittle and is starting to curl.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 19
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
19
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1950
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 24 x 48 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates at the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Golden Jubilee held at the Convention Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey, from May 23rd to June 1st, 1950. The delegates are sitting with their respective local unions.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Anniversaries
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
Partially attached to glass and torn.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 26
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
26
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1962
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 25 x 45 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates seated at their dinner tables at the thirty-first International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention held in Atlantic City, New Jersey from May 23rd to June 1st, 1962.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
The photograph is rolled.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 31
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
31
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1974
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 25 x 60 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates at the thirty-fifth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention in Miami Beach, Florida held from May 31st to June 7th, 1974.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
Photograph is rolled.
Places
Miami Beach (Fla.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 25
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
25
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1962
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 25 x 50 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates at the thirty-first International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention held in Atlantic City, New Jersey, from May 23rd to June 1st, 1962. The delegates are seated with their respective local unions.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
The photograph is rolled.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 29
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
29
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1971
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 25 x 70 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates outside at the thirty-fourth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention held in Miami Beach, Florida, from May 6th to 14th, 1971.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
The photograph is rolled.
Places
Miami Beach (Fla.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 22
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
22
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1959
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 30 x 51 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates at the thirtieth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention held in Miami Beach, Florida from May 11th to 19th, 1959. The delegates are seated at tables with their respective local unions.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
The photograph is rolled.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 27
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
27
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1962
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 25 x 110 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates outside at the thirty-first International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention held in Atlantic City, New Jersey, from May 23rd to June 1st, 1962.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
The photograph is rolled.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 23
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
23
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1959
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 25 x 103
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates standing outside at the thirtieth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention in Miami Beach, Florida. The convention was held from May 11th to 19th, 1959.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
The photograph is rolled.
Places
Miami Beach (Fla.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 6703
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
6703
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1937]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph depicting Chaim Weizmann speaking at a rally in Toronto at Varsity Stadium on Bloor Street. The photo was taken by Mel Hundert, the donor, who was present at the rally.
Pictured from left to right are: Rabbi Samuel Sachs; J. J. Glass; Chaim Weizman; David Dunkelman.
Name Access
Weizmann, Chaim, 1874-1952
Glass, J.J
Dunkelman, David
Sachs, Samuel, Rabbi
Subjects
Demonstrations
Presidents--Israel
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
2004-9-1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 6046
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
6046
Material Format
graphic material
Date
2 April 1946
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of the Association of Millinery Manufacturers (Ontario Division), 4th Annual Dinner in Toronto.
Notes
For identification, see accession record.
Name Access
Association of Millinery Manufacturers
Subjects
Dinners and dining
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1992-6-3
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1620
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1620
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1937
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
This is a composite photo of the members of the bakery and confectionery workers, union local 181.
Name Access
Bakery, Confectionery, and Tobacco Workers International Union. Local 181 (Toronto, Ont.)
Subjects
Labor unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-1-1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1625
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1625
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Identified in this photograph in the first row, from left to right: Dave Biderman; Louis Hoffman; Abe Goldman; Max Speisman (probably Chairman); [unknown]; Mr. Jubas; Izzy Weiner.
Second row, left to right: [unknown]; Nathan Horowitz; I. Fine.
Notes
Credit: Estate of Max Speisman.
Name Access
Labor League (Toronto, Ont.)
Biderman, Dave
Hoffman, Louis
Goldman, Abe
Speisman, Max
Jubas, Mr.
Weiner, Izzy
Horowitz, Nathan
Fine, I.
Toronto Cloakmakers Union
Subjects
Labor unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1978-4-3
Source
Archival Descriptions
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