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108 records – page 1 of 3.
Part Of
Toronto Cloakmakers Union fonds
Level
Fonds
ID
Fonds 8
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Toronto Cloakmakers Union fonds
Level
Fonds
Fonds
8
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
[190-?]-1961
Physical Description
7 cm of textual records
5 photographs : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm or smaller
Admin History/Bio
The Toronto Cloakmakers Union was established in 1909 as an organized effort to assist and protect workers in the women's garment industry. Two years later they became affiliated with the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) in Toronto and became Local 14. Today they are the oldest local still in existence and are now called Unite Here Canada.
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of textual and graphic material documenting the activities and membership of the Toronto Cloakmakers Union and International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Included are ILGWU membership dues and strike cards issued to Sara Clodman; letters and cards announcing ILGWU meetings, celebrations, and other matters; an invitation to a dinner honouring A. Magerman's 25 years in the Cloakmaker's Union; copies of the Golden Jubilee Souvenir Journal and the 40th Jubilee Celebration book; a photocopy of the Constitution of the ILGWU; Toronto Cloakmakers Union Local 14 Minute Book in Yiddish; and five black and white photographs of union members, events, and committees.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Toronto Cloakmakers Union
Subjects
Labor unions
Creator
Toronto Cloakmakers Union, 1909-
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1987-12-6
1979-10-1
1998-3-18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Mimi Wise fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 16; Item 10
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Mimi Wise fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
16
Item
10
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1968
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Admin History/Bio
Mimi Wise and Rose Bogoch were co-covenors of the convention.
Scope and Content
This item is a photograph of a group of Hadassah Wizo executive members at the national biennial convention. Pictured are:
Back row, left to right: [unidentified]; Claire Balinsky, Montreal; Marjorie Groberman, Vancouver; [?] Sheps, Manitoba; Anita Sager, Montreal, [unidentified], Mimi Wise, Toronto; Rose Bogoch, Edmonton, [unidentified], Neri Bloomfield, Montreal; [unidentified].
Front row, left to right: Belle James, Toronto; Rosa Singer, Montreal; Lottie Riven, Montreal; Blanche Wisenthal, Montreal; Anne Eisenstat, Montreal; Anne Raginsky, Montreal; [unidentified], [unidentified].
Notes
Photographer unknown.
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Accession Number
2003-6-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Morris Norman collection
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 22; Item 34
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Morris Norman collection
Level
Item
Fonds
22
Item
34
Material Format
textual record
Date
1944
Physical Description
1 item
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Morris Norman collection
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 22; Item 79
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Morris Norman collection
Level
Item
Fonds
22
Item
79
Material Format
object
Date
1949
Physical Description
1 item
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Anniversaries
Labor unions
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 263
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
263
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[193-?]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates to the ninth convention of the Jewish National Workers' Alliance, held in Philadelphia..
Notes
Photograph is not the original print.
OJA has the negative for this photograph.
Name Access
Jewish National Workers' Alliance
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor movement
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 4748
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
4748
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1943
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1989-2-4
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1639
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1639
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[194-?]
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 13 x 18 cm
Scope and Content
Photograph of a table of women at an Ottawa Hadassah Convention. From left to right: Adeline Levine, Ruth Swartz, Sylvia Cherney, Bea Collis, and Bernice Henry (Toronto).
Name Access
Ottawa Hadassah Convention
Levine, Adeline
Swartz, Ruth
Cherney, Sylvia
Collis, Beatrice
Henry, Bernice
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Women
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Ottawa (Ont.)
Accession Number
1978-7-1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1440
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1440
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1931
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a group of women dressmakers picketing on Spadina Avenue in Toronto. They are holding a sign that reads: Dressmakers General Strike, Dresmakers Union, ILGWU.
Notes
Acquired June 22, 1975.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Labor unions
Strikes and lockouts
Women
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Spadina Avenue (Toronto, Ont.)
Accession Number
1977-7-1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1473
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1473
Material Format
graphic material
Date
19 May 1947
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of the Alpha Omega dinner at the Ontario Dental Association Convention in Toronto.
Name Access
Alpha Omega (Fraternity)
Ontario Dental Association Convention
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Dentists
Dinners and dining
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1978-1-8
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 3706
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
3706
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1948
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Notes
Photo by Arthur Kay Studio, Toronto.
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1896
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1896
Material Format
graphic material
Date
Jan. 21-23, 1939
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative)
Name Access
Canadian Jewish Congress
Royal York Hotel
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1979-12-1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 4364
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
4364
Material Format
graphic material
Date
April 1942
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 20 x 50 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a panoramic photograph of Hebrew Teachers and Supportors sitting on a stage at a conference in Montreal.
Notes
Photo by Federal Photos, Montreal.
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1985-11-5
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
1980-9-1
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1980-9-1
Material Format
graphic material
textual record
Physical Description
Textual material
26 photographs : b&w (13 negatives)
Date
[193-?] - 1979
Scope and Content
This accession consists of textual and graphic material donated by Ben Himel. The textual material documents family events as well as information pertaining to the Borochov School, Poalei Zion, B'nai Brith Toronto Lodge, the Independent Workers' Circle and B'nai Zion Association of Toronto. Identified in one copy photograph of the officers of the Canadian Headgear Workers Central are J.B. Salsberg, Motel Bergstein, Henry Sigel, and Sam Chaikofsky.
Descriptive Notes
Borochov School.
Poal Zion.
B'nai Brith Toronto Lodge.
Independent Workers' Circle.
B'nai Zion Association.
Mrs. Menachovsky.
Zerabouaun.
Kreitzer.
Arbeiter Ring.
King Edward School.
Picnic.
Subjects
Clubs
Labor unions
Zionism
Name Access
Himel, Ben
Chaikofsky, Sam
Bergstein, Motel
Sigel, Henry
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1981-9-3
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1981-9-3
Material Format
object
Physical Description
1 pin
Date
[ca. 1928]
Scope and Content
Accession consists of a member's pin with a ribbon and pendant celebrating the 25th jubilee of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU), Cloakmakers Union Toronto.
Subjects
Anniversaries
Labor unions
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1996-3-3
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1996-3-3
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Physical Description
2.4 m of textual records and graphic materials
Date
[ca. 1940]-[ca.1995]
Scope and Content
Accession consists of the records created and/or accumulated by Nechemiah Knobel. They relate to the work of the Labour Zionist Alliance and the Borochov movement. Of note are a series of photographs documenting the unveiling of the Holocaust monument at Mount Sinai Cemetery in 1968. Identified individuals include Mayor Phil Givens, Allan Grossman, Ben Himel and Max Federman.
Use Conditions
Records in off-site storage; advance notice required to view.
Subjects
Holocaust memorials
Cemeteries
Labor unions
Labor Zionism
Name Access
Knobel, Nechemiah
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1979-10-1
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1979-10-1
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
ca. 7 cm of textual records
Date
1937–1955
Scope and Content
Accession consists of material documenting the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Included are undated strike cards, a card announcing the twenty-fifth annual celebration of the Cloakmakers' Union dated 14 February 1936–16 February 1936, letters, general manager of the joint board announcing summons before grievance committee, official membership dues cards issued to S. Clodman, a souvenir journa, and other documents.
MG_RG
MG2 E1a
Subjects
Labor unions
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2007-9-4
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2007-9-4
Material Format
graphic material
textual record
object
Physical Description
10 photographs : b&w
10 cm of textual records
1 doll
2 pins
Date
1925-1985
Scope and Content
This accession consists of material relating to the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) and the Jewish community in Toronto. They include published material from the ILGWU, Yiddish songbooks and benchers, Yiddish booklets distributed by various Toronto Jewish organizations such as the Poalei Zion and the Farband, a pin from Baycrest given to Jennie Magerman on completing 14, 000 hours of volunteer service, a pin from the Kieltzer Sick Benefit Society given to Abe Magerman in 1913, and several photographs of Abe Magerman participating in union activities. There is also a Miss Union Made plastic doll dating from circa 1950, which is wearing pink dress and sash and is enclosed in a plastic cover.
Custodial History
This material was originally in the possession of Abe and Jennie Magerman. It was later in the possession of his son, Alfred, until being donated to the OJA by Alfred's wife Barbara in September 2007.
Administrative History
Abe Magerman was the assistant manager for the International Ladies Garment Workers' Union for many years. He was married to Jennie (nee Shefsky) Magerman and had two children, Esther and Alfred. Jennie (nee Shefsky) Magerman was the daughter of Myer and Toba Rayzel (nee Nusynovitch) Shefsky.
Descriptive Notes
Magerman, Abe
Farband Labour Zionist Alliance
International Ladies Garment Workers Union
Poalei Zion
Toronto Labour Lyceum Association Limited
Arbeiter Ring
Israel Histadrut
Baycrest
Kieltzer Sick Benefit Society
Subjects
Communities
Labor unions
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
Fur Workers' Union fonds
Level
Fonds
ID
Fonds 12
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Fur Workers' Union fonds
Level
Fonds
Fonds
12
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[between 1935 and 1949]
Physical Description
3 photographs : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Admin History/Bio
The International Fur Workers' Union was founded by eight local unions in 1913 and held members in both the United States of America and Canada
Scope and Content
Fonds consists of photographs created and/or accumulated by the Fur Workers' Union.
Name Access
Fur Workers' Union
Subjects
Labor unions
Creator
Fur Worker's Union, 1913-
Source
Archival Descriptions
Name
Jack Abel
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
1986
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Jack Abel
Number
AC 034
AC 035
Subject
Labor
Labor unions
Occupations
Recreation
Antisemitism
Societies
Cemeteries
Interview Date
1986
Quantity
2
Interviewer
Morris Silbert
Total Running Time
034A: 31:10 minutes 034B: 31:10 minutes 035A: 31:10 minuets 035B: 13:52 minuets
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Notes
The end of the reference copy of AC 35 is not very audible. The original cassette may be clearer.
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Jack Abel's career in the garment industry began in the 1920s taking him through the dressmaker's strike of 1932. Abel's experiences with antisemitism were numerous, he participated in the Christie Pits riot, he was active in politics and became an early member of the Mozirer Society. Abel became financial secretary of the Mozirer Society and was involved in the purchase and administration of the Roselawn and Bathurst Lawn cemeteries.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Abel, Jack
Mozirer Sick Benefit Society
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
0-31:10 -- Jack Abel was born November 4, 1908 in Toronto. Abel’s parents immigrated to Toronto from Russia between 1903 and 1904, and they were married in 1906. The Abel’s resided in various locations within Toronto’s “Ward” district. As a young boy Abel experienced “trouble” with the Gentiles living in the Ward. One of Abel’s happiest childhood memories was playing ball in Stanley Park for the “Judeans” ball team.
11:55 -- Jack Abel attended the King Edward School to the 6th grade. While attending the King Edward School Abel describes an anti-Semitic incident directed at the School’s Jewish students, by their teacher. At the age of 15 and as the eldest of 8 children, Abel had to leave school to help support the family. In 1924 Abel began his working career selling newspapers at the corner of Bathurst and College St and then as a bicycle messenger for Koffler Drugs on Lippincott St.
Side 2
0-6:45 -- Jack describes the immigration of his Grandparents from Russia to Toronto. His maternal Grandfather became the Gabbai of the Palmerston Avenue Shul and the Markham St. Shul. Dissension within the Palmerston Shul caused some members to leave and to form the Markham St. Shul. Jack’s Bar Mitzvah was held at the Markham St. Shul.
6:45-15:34 -- As a young man in 1927/28 Abel was a member of the The Hart Club, a Zionist organization named after Rabbi Aaron Hart, of London England. After short stints within the Conservative and Liberal Parties, Abel became secretary for the CCF, (Co-operative Commonwealth Federation) predecessor of the NDP. Abel left the party after it issued a derogatory statement aimed at the Jewish population. In 1920 Abel joined the Mozirer Sick Benefit Society and became President of the Young Men’s section.
15:35-26:24 -- Jack describes weekly altercations between Jews and Italians against Gentiles, anti-Semitism within the YMCA, the Christie Pits riots, the Balmy Beach Club riot, anti Semitism at Sunnyside Beach and signage at a Stouffville Park reading “No Jews or Dogs Allowed”.
26:25-31:10 -- Abel began his 1st full-time job at age 17 working as a floor boy and later as a foreman at Cornell Tailors for two years.
End
AC 035
Side 1
0-13:00 -- After leaving Cornell Tailors, Abel worked for Eatons doing piecework. In 1929 Abel lost his job because of the Depression and moved to Detroit working as a tire cutter for Bridge Motors. Returning to Toronto in 1931 Abel talks about the events, leading up the dressmaker strike of 1932. Mentioned are J.B. Salsberg, left-winger and labour activist in the garment workers union and his opponent Allan Grossman of the Conservative Party. The dressmaker’s strike lasted 6 weeks and ended with individual manufacturers agreeing to salary increases. Abel continues to talk about his various jobs within the garment industry and his retirement at age 67.
13:00-31:10 -- Abel explains the idea behind the formation of the Mozirer Society. As a landsmanschaft society it provided an array of benefits to its members such as free loans, medical coverage, sick benefits, burial plots and spousal death benefits. Abel speaks about the strong social aspect of the society, its fund raising events and the political views of its membership.
Side 2:
0-13:52 -- Abel goes into further detail regarding politics within the society. As financial secretary of the Mozirer Society, Abel gives an accounting of the purchase and administration of the Roselawn and Bathurst Lawn Cemetery plots.
End
Source
Oral Histories
Name
J.B. Salsberg
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
Sept. 1985
Source
Oral Histories
Name
J.B. Salsberg
Number
AC 071
Subject
Labor movement
Labor unions
Women
Demonstrations
Interview Date
Sept. 1985
Quantity
1
Total Running Time
071A: 44:50 minuets 071B: 35:55 minuets
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Joseph Baruch Salsberg (1902-1998) was a labour leader, political activist, politician, newspaper columnist and a man who dedicated his life to Yiddishkeit and the advancement of social justice. He was active in various Jewish organizations, including; the Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC), the Jewish Federation of Greater Toronto, and the New Fraternal Jewish Association. In 1938 he was elected as Alderman on Toronto’s City Council and elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1943. He is well remembered by contemporaries, such as Sam Lipshitz, as a "champion of the people', committed to social justice, the plight of the working-class, and the preservation of Jewish culture.
This oral history includes Salsberg's personal reminiscences on the Toronto Jewish community, the Polish Jewish community and issues related to women's labour and the unions in the garment industry.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers Union
Salsberg, J. B. (Joseph B.), 1902-1998
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
Side 1:
0.0-6.30: Joseph Baruch Salsberg was born in Poland in 1902 to Abraham and Sara Salsberg. Abraham migrated to Toronto in 1910 and Joseph followed with his mother and two younger sisters in 1913.
6.30-18.39: Prior to 1913 Poland was primarily a peasant and agricultural society with the majority of the Jewish population living and working as tradesmen in the villages. Salsberg discusses the difficult relationship between the Poles and Jews under the power of the Czar.
18:40-24.14: Salsberg discusses the Canadian government’s collaboration with the CP Railroad to launch advertising campaigns attracting potential immigrants to come and live in Canada.
24.22-33.24: Salsberg discusses the experiences of his mother as a young Jewish immigrant and her adjustment to life in Toronto.
33.25-37.30: Salsberg discusses the Ward, an area between University and Yonge as being the heartland of early Jewish settlement. He describes the area as being the natural choice for Jews to live, the rents were cheap, Synagogues and community centers were nearby as were and their places of employment. The center for Jewish shopping was Kensington Market with shops along McCaul and Baldwin Streets, shopping at Eatons was reserved for “special occasions”.
37.32-39.50: Salsberg discusses the hardships faced by Polish immigrant Jews arriving in Toronto after World War One.
39.52-44.45: Salsberg discusses his father an Orthodox man who eventually went into the junk business and became one of the founders of the first Talmud Torah, his mother was active in the Ladies Auxillary of the School and remained it’s President for 50 years.
End
Side 2:
0.03-5.37: Salsberg discusses the religious and cultural divisions that dominated social and communal living in Poland under Czarist rule and the resulting division between Jews and non- Jewish Polish immigrants in Toronto
5.38-8.28: Salsberg discusses the example set by his mother on matters of religious observance and importance of the woman’s role in the family.
8.29-11.08: Salsberg discusses his mother’s activities outside the home. Sarah Salsberg was the first woman to challenge the burial custom of not allowing husband and wife to be buried side by side. Sarah won her challenge and was buried alongside her husband.
11.10-12.28: Salsberg discusses his orientation towards labor Zionism and his parent’s reaction to his political views. Sarah Salsberg was a “broad-minded” woman and friendly with those active in the movement, while his father clung to his own group.
12.29-13.53: Salsberg discusses the garment trade and the organizers who become members of the Ladies Garment Workers Union. Salsberg goes on to speak of his mother’s approval and secret admiration of the women in the Ladies Garment Union.
13.54-14.44: Salsberg discusses the role of Jewish immigrant women using the example of the Eatons strike in 1911 led by Jewish tailors, both men and women.
14.45-15.00: Salsberg discusses the Triangle Fire in New York as the impetus that led to the birth of the ILGWU in America and the ILGWU’s influence on the Canadian Garment industry.
15.03-15.40: Salsberg discusses the New York Yiddish Dailies the “Forward” and Tagblat delivered and read daily by Toronto’s Jewish community as another factor in the establishment of the Ladies Garment Workers Union in Canada.
15.41-20.39: Salsberg discusses the introduction by Eatons to changes in production methods that would have tailors, mostly men, taking on the job of women finishers. The refusal by the tailors to take away the jobs of women would lead to the first sit down strike by tailors in Canada.
20.40-21.20: Salsberg discusses the recognition of women’s rights in the early garment workers unions. The Dressmakers section of the ILGWU in Toronto was predominantly women who led strikes and fought on picket lines.
21.21-23.44: Salsberg discusses Union sentiment within the Jewish community and the enforcement by some of the more militant women on community shopkeepers to use Union labels on their products.
23.45-24.39: Salsberg discusses single Jewish women who confronted with financial hardship worked in predominately Jewish factories.
24.40-26.07: Salsberg discusses the economic nature of the garment industry, the competition and undercutting in the industry factories and the continuous strikes and stoppages by employees opposed to wage cuts.
26.08-31.15: Salsberg discusses the important contributions in the areas of the labor force, education and social responsibility made to Ontario by Jewish immigrant women. Women worked alongside men in order to improve their economic position and establish themselves within the community. Jewish women placed a great emphasis on education and as a result a high percentage of their children would graduate from institutions such as Harbord Collegiate and Jarvis Collegiate with scholarships. Salsberg speaks of his late wife Dora Wilensky who graduated from Jarvis Collegiate with the highest mark of any girl student in Ontario earning a five-year scholarship to McMaster University and becoming a prominent Social Worker within the Jewish community.
31.16-33.09: Salsberg discusses the differences in opportunity for young Jewish men and young Jewish women. As the only boy in the family he was expected to set the path by going to a theological school in NY but to the dismay of his parents he became radicalized in leftist politics.
33.10-35.55: Although Salsberg’s parents were never involved in the labour movement and disagreed with his leftist philosophy, they were pleased by his election in 1938 as Alderman on Toronto’s City Council and his election to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1943.
End
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Joseph Salsberg discusses the events that led to the birth of the International Ladies' Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) in America and the ILGWU's influence on the Canadian Garment Industry.

In this clip, Joseph Salsberg discusses the first sit down strike by tailors in Canada in recognition of women

Name
Ben Himel
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
Jan 24, 1983
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Ben Himel
Number
AC 135
Subject
Education
Fraternal organizations
Labor unions
Zionism
Interview Date
Jan 24, 1983
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Stephen Speisman
Total Running Time
135A: 26:40 minutes 135B: 29:20 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Notes
Interview does not start at beginning.
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Ben Himel was Vice President and founder of the Borochov School and Kindergarten. Himel was affliated with the Poale Zion,Jewish National Workers Alliance (Farband), the Independent Workers Circle and The Board of Jewish Education
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Himel, Ben
Speisman, Stephen
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Benjamin Himel discusses the ideologies of Canada's Labor Movements during the 1930s and 1940s.

In this clip, Benjamin Himel discusses the Zionist movement within the Toronto Jewish community during the 1930s and 40s.

Name
Max Federman
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
March 19, 1976
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Max Federman
Number
AC 149
AC 150
Subject
Labor
Labor unions
Occupations
Industries
Interview Date
March 19, 1976
Quantity
2
Interviewer
Ben Schneider
Total Running Time
AC149A: 30. minutes AC149B: 30. minutes AC150A: 1. minute
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Max Federman was born in Poland. In 1919, Max moved to Germany where he attended school. He joined his father in Toronto in 1920. A union leader, labour Zionist and ardent-Communist, Max became actively involved in the union movement and served as representative of the Local Fur Workers Union. He was involved in a twenty year battle with the Communist leadership of the International Furrier Union until they disbanded and merged with the International Amalgamated Meat Cutters Union. Max was involved in Jewish community organizations including the Histadrut, Borochov School, and the United Jewish Welfare Fund.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Goldman, Emma
Federman, Max
Schneider, Ben
Geographic Access
Toronto
Germany
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
G:\Description\Oral Histories\AC 149, 150, Max Federman\AC 149, 150 notes.pdf
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Max Federman describes the conflict between the Federation of Labour (F of L) and Communist International Union (CIU) from 1938-1956. He discusses the steps in which the International Fur and Leather Union disaffiliated with the International Union to join the Amalgamated Meat Cutters Union in 1956.

In this clip, Max Federman discusses his early involvement with a trade union while living in Germany in 1919.

Name
Dora Till
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
May 4, 1983
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Dora Till
Number
AC 151
Subject
Immigrants--Canada
Families
Labor
Labor unions
Women
Occupations
Interview Date
May 4, 1983
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Stephen Speisman
Total Running Time
46 minutes
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Dora Till (nee Tobias) was born in New York City in 1896. She came to Toronto in 1900. She married Morris Till in 1918. They had one daughter, Cecile. As a youth, Dora was involved with Herzl Girls and the Boot and Shoe Society. Dora was active in community service and contributed greatly to social service work. She was co-founder and first President for Mothers' and Babes' Summer Rest Home, Vice-President of the Hebrew Maternity Aid Society, a board member for the Jewish Family and Child Services, an executive for the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies, Honourary Vice-President of United Jewish Welfare Fund, on the board of Canadian Jewish Congress and past President of the Naomi Chapter of Hadassah-WIZO.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Herzl Girls Boot and Shoe Society, 1920
Mothers and Babes Summer Rest Home
Baycrest Hospital
United Jewish Welfare Fund
Beth Tzedec Synagogue
Timothy Eaton Company
Till, Dora
Geographic Access
Toronto
Bronte
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Dora Till discusses some of the services provided by Hebrew Maternity Aid.

Dora Till was co-founder and first President for Mothers and Babes Summer Rest Home. In this clip, Dora describes the efforts to solicit and fundraise on behalf of the Mothers and Babes Summer Rest Home.

Name
Kalmen Kaplansky
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
September 20, 1985
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Kalmen Kaplansky
Number
AC 109
Subject
Antisemitism
Human rights
Immigrants--Canada
Labor
Labor unions
Refugees--Canada
Interview Date
September 20, 1985
Quantity
1
Interviewer
Phyllis Platnick
Total Running Time
109A: 60 minutes 109B: 6 minutes
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Kalmen was born January 5, 1912 in Poland. He worked in Montreal as a typesetter and linotype operator. He was active in the labour and human rights movements in Canada. Kalmen served as the director of the Jewish Labour Committee in 1945. In collaboration with the Canadian Jewish Congress, the Canadian government and trade unions the Jewish Labour Committee helped Jewish displaced persons immigrate to Canada by securing them employment. Kalman sat on the Refugee Status Advisory Committee for the federal government.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Kaplansky, Kalmen
Platnick, Phyllis
Jewish Labour Committee
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Digital file
Transcript
AC109 Side 1: 00:20 Kalmen was involved with discrimination work from 1946-1957. 1:40 Kalmen served as the director of the Jewish Labour Committee. 3:28 Kalmen comments on the reaction of the Canadian Jewish community to relocating displaced Jews after the war. Received support from the Canadian Jewish Congress and the Jewish Immigration Aid Society. 4:26 Kalmen lists some of the obstacles to bringing displaced Jews to Canada. Kalmen cites the trade unions as the first obstacle. He provides reasons to explain the trade unions’ historical opposition to immigration. 8:04 Other opponents were the Communist Party and Textile Workers who raised concerns about potential “slave labour” conditions. Kalman describes how the Jewish Labour Committee was able to persuade opponents to accept new immigrants to Canada. Jewish Labour Committee suggested (a) immigration should be based on economics, not race, religion or ethnicity and (b) tripartite proposal involving consultation and cooperation among trade unions, management and government. 10:25 Kalmen lists leaders of various trade unions in Montreal (Bernard Shane of Garment Workers, Maurice Silcoff of Hat & Cap Makers) Toronto (Max Federman of the Furrier Union) and Winnipeg (Sam Herbst of the Ladies Garment Workers Union). Hyman Reiff. 11:50 Discusses some of the problems with the selection process in the camps. Bella Meiksin worked in the camps. 13:50 Notes that bringing in new immigrants saved the garment industry because there was a shortage of skilled labourers. 14:40 Describes some of the challenges and complaints of new immigrants. 16:24 Kalmen discusses how he helped new immigrants arrange to bring over relatives and describes some of their desperate measures. 18:30 Kalmen sat on the Refugee Status Advisory Committee which advised minister on refugee claims. 19:49 Kalmen explains that the goal was to get people out of the camps and the arrangement with the trades served as a vehicle to get them out. He discusses areas of contention such as preferred destinations, work commitment, involvement with JIAS, etc. 24:10 Discusses who was responsible for transportation costs for the new immigrants. 25:10 Explains how names of displaced persons in the camps were obtained. 26:47 Discusses the preponderance of bribery and corruption after the war. Kalmen relates some anecdotes involving corruption and perjury. He notes that while the Canadian government was very strict on the issue of perjury, the U.S. government was softer. 31:25 Notes that jealousy, denunciation was common among new immigrants. 34:38 Reports that the Jewish Agency was not favourably disposed to the project. The project was supported by the Canadian Jewish Congress and JIAS. 39:39 Cabinet Committee on Immigration Policy – Chaired by C.D. Howe (acting Minister of Mines). Others involved were McKinnon, Gibson, St. Laurent, Mitchell & Fournier. McNamara was Deputy Minister of Labour. Mentions Sam (sp?) Hirsch as an activist in N.Y. & sent to Winnipeg to organize the dressmakers. 53:28 Working in the trades provided entry into Canada and entry into a job but many did not stay continue with the work. 55:50 Selection committee members – (?)Silcoff, Federman,(?) Shane, Solomon, Enkin. 56:50 The project brought in more than 2,500 Jewish workers (plus their families). Order: ladies garments, men’s garments, milliners, furriers. 58:22 Discusses some of the advisory committees of the time. Briefly mentions the governmental ministries, their responsibilities and names of the people involved. AC109 Side 2 00:48 Kalmen suggests the determining issue in Canadian immigration policy was the French – English rivalry. 2:06 Mentions that Mackenzie King arranged for voluntary quotas for Japanese with India and China 3:10 Notes that Canada’s leadership / approach was white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant. Discusses that systemic discrimination and endemic prejudice was part of life.
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Kalmen Kaplansky discusses some of the obstacles to the relocation of displaced Jews to Canada after the Second World War. He describes a tripartite proposal involving consultation and cooperation among trade unions, management and government that enabled the immigration project.

In this clip, Kalmen Kaplansky explains that bribery, corruption and perjury were a way of life after the Second World War. He relates anecdotes as illustration.

Name
Max Enkin
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
April 13, 1986
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Max Enkin
Number
AC 113
AC 114
Subject
Antisemitism
Immigrants--Canada
Labor unions
Nonprofit organizations
Occupations
Refugees--Canada
Interview Date
April 13, 1986
Quantity
2
Interviewer
Phyllis Platnick
Total Running Time
AC113: 19:40 minuets
AC114:
Conservation
Copied August 2003
Digitized 11/28/2011
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Max Enkin was founder and a leading member of the Jewish Vocational Service of Toronto. The original purpose of the organization was to help survivors of the Second World War find employment. In 1947, as Associate Administrator and representative for the Men's Clothing sector in Ontario, Max Enkin became involved in The "Tailor Project". The project was designed to identify and select skilled tailors from the DP camps of Europe and help to settle them in Canada.
Max Enkin was awarded the OBE in Recognition of services to Wartime Prices.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
Enkin, Max
Platnick, Phyllis
Geographic Access
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Audio cassette
Digital file
Transcript
AC 113
History of Immigration of Skilled Tailors from the Displaced Person Camps after WWII 1946 –
0.07: How the project got started
0.20: Canadian Government in relation to skilled workers in Canada 1946
1.19: Canadian Jewish Congress in relation to DP camps in Europe.
2.45: Canadian Government restricted immigration 1946.
3.11: Canadian Jewish Congress in relation to Garment industry.
4.13: Canadian Government in relation to UNRRA and immigration to Canada (UNRRA: United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration founded 1943 and became part of the UN in 1945).
5.29: JIAS Jewish Immigrant Aid Services.
5.39: Congress and Immigration to Canada.
5.58: Garment industry Union and Immigration to Canada
6.30: McNamara Deputy Minister of Labour from Winnipeg (circa 1946).
7.18: Labor and Management Representatives of the ILGE 1946 (ILGE - International Ladies Garment Workers Union?). Mr. Sam Hirsch of Winnipeg, representative of the Union for Men & Women. Mr. Bernard Shane of Montreal, Executive Director of the ILGE. Mr.? Solomon of Montreal, representative of Manufacturers Union of Montreal. Sam Posluns of Toronto representative of the Women’s Union. Max Enkin of Toronto, representative of the Men’s Union Ontario.
9.05: Beginning of the project by the ILGE to bring Jews from DP camps in Europe to Canada. Trip to London England by the 5 member body of ILGE. Difficulty in gaining clearance papers to gain entry into Germany & Austria.
11.34: C.D Howe Canadian Cabinet Minister serving under McKenzie King Meeting with ILGE in Canada House, London England.
13.20: Enkin meeting with C.D. Howe and question of quota of Jews allowed into Canada.
14.13: Federal Liberal Government, Quebec and Ottawa vis a vis Jewish immigration.
15.5: McKenzie King, Prime Minister and Ernest Lapointe, Member of Parliament/Quebec and immigration of Jews.
15.56: Jewish population, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg 3 largest centers 17.0-19.4: Antisemitism in Canada.
End: Rest of tape 19:50-30:42 inaudible.
Source
Oral Histories

In this clip, Max Enkin discusses the organizations, government departments and union representatives involved in the development and implementation of the Tailor Project.

In this clip, Max Enkin discusses the Liberal Government

Name
Bess Maltinsky Shockett
Material Format
sound recording
Interview Date
November 18, 2004
December 7, 2004
Source
Oral Histories
Name
Bess Maltinsky Shockett
Number
AC 288
Subject
Committees
Labor
Labor unions
Interview Date
November 18, 2004
December 7, 2004
Quantity
4
Interviewer
Jillian Gould
Total Running Time
AC 288A: 31 minutes
AC 288B: 31 minutes
Conservation
Copies made for Bess' son Michael on four 90 minute tapes
Use Restrictions
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Biography
Bess was born in the Ukraine in 1920. She immigrated to Montreal in 1925 with her parents and two brothers. She married Barry Shockett in 1952 and had three children. As an adolescent, Bess became very active in the Jewish community and joined the United Jewish People's Order. She helped organize a union for workers in the knitting industry and later did the same for fur workers. She also travelled to Winnipeg to organize a laundry workers union. She helped found the New Fraternal Jewish Association in 1960 and was actively involved in the organization. She became very active in the Toronto Jewish community, particularly in regards to supporting and launching several innovative Yiddish programs. She staffed the office of the CJC's Committee for Yiddish in its early years, and was Director from 1974 to 1989.
Material Format
sound recording
Name Access
United Jewish People's Order
New Fraternal Jewish Association
Committee for Yiddish
Geographic Access
Montreal
Toronto
Original Format
Audio cassette
Copy Format
Digital file
Source
Oral Histories

Bess became President of the Youth Division of the United Jewish People’s Order in Montreal in 1946. In this clip, Bess shares some of her memories and experiences as a representative to the First International Conference of Youth held in Prague in 1947.

In this clip, Bess discusses the events that led up to the formation of a new left-leaning organization, the New Fraternal Jewish Association, which broke away from the United Jewish People’s Order in 1960.

Part Of
Harry Simon fonds
Jewish Labour Committee file
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 23; File 4; Item 1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Simon fonds
Jewish Labour Committee file
Level
Item
Fonds
23
File
4
Item
1
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1968
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 26 x 21 cm and 12 x 10 cm
Scope and Content
This item is a copy photograph and negative of Harry Simon speaking at a Jewish Labour Committee conference in Montreal, Quebec. He is standing behind a banquet table, speaking into a microphone. Pictured from left to right are: David Orlikow (MP), Kalman Kaplansky, Stanley Knowles, Harry Simon, and Emanuel Murawchick (Director, Jewish Labor Committee, New York).
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Speeches, addresses, etc
Repro Restriction
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
Montréal (Québec)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Simon fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 23; Item 4
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Simon fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
23
Item
4
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1962
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 26 x 21 cm and 12 x 10 cm
Scope and Content
This item is a copy photograph and corresponding negative of Harry Simon with a delegation of men sent by the Canadian government to a needle trades conference in Amsterdam. Harry Simon is pictured seated on the far right.
Name Access
Simon, Harry, 1909-1993
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Diplomats
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Simon fonds
Level
File
ID
Fonds 23; File 1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Simon fonds
Level
File
Fonds
23
File
1
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
1934-[198-]
Physical Description
3 cm of textual records
3 photographs : b&w ; 20 x 48 cm and 21 x 26 cm
Admin History/Bio
There was a major dispute within the International Fur Workers' Union in 1938, which is documented in the records of Harry Simon. It was due to the division between the Communist and anti-Communist elements of the union and resulted in the formation of a new fur workers' union affiliated with the American Federation of Labor (AFL).
Scope and Content
File consists of textual and graphic records related to Harry Simon's work as an organizer and representative of the International Fur Workers' Union and an officer of the break-away Fur Workers' Union (AFL.). This includes correspondence, rally posters and flyers, anniversary books, a bulletin, and photographs. Of particular interest are the records detailing a heated dispute between the International Fur Workers' Union, its Toronto Joint Board leadership and many of its members. An oversized newsprint poster referring to Max Federman's dispute is included.
Subjects
Labor unions
Physical Condition
One photograph requires conservation work.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Simon fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 23; Item 1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Simon fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
23
Item
1
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1929
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 21 x 26 cm and 10 x 12 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a copy photograph and corresponding negative of attendees at the third conference of Jewish Marxist youth of the United States and Canada, held in Toronto. Pictured in the second row on the far right is Harry Simon.
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Portraits, Group
Youth
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Simon fonds
Israel Histadrut campaign file
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 23; File 2; Item 1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Simon fonds
Israel Histadrut campaign file
Level
Item
Fonds
23
File
2
Item
1
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1979
Physical Description
1 negative : b&w ; 10 x 12 cm
Scope and Content
This item is a copy negative of Harry Simon addressing a Histadrut conference in Toronto. The image depicts Simon speaking into a microphone at the head table. Phil and Min Givens are seated on the left. There is a banner pictured behind the table.
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
General office subject and correspondence files series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 17; Series 2; File 1312
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
General office subject and correspondence files series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
2
File
1312
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[195-?]
Physical Description
6 photographs : b&w ; 25 x 20 cm
Scope and Content
File consists of six photographs of delegates and speakers at the 2nd Leadership Conference, held in London, ON, including photographs of Dr. Frank Shapiro of Hamilton, ON, Sidney Lazarus of Windsor, ON; Mr. [Sorffer?] of Windsor, ON; and an unidentified man speaking at a podium, as well as a professional portrait of an unidentified man and a group portrait of two women and three men, some in religious garb.
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1946
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 19 x 24 cm and 10 x 12 cm
Notes
Photograph is a copy.
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Women
Zionism
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Accession Number
1982-7-10
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 1196
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
1196
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[194-]
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 21 x 26 cm and 12 x 10 cm
Scope and Content
This item is a copy print and corresponding negative of a group of representatives from various northern B'nai Brith lodges, at a northern region meeting in Kirkland Lake. Pictured are:
Back row, left to right: Abe Ginsberg (Kirkland Lake), William Berk (Kirkland Lake), Al Brown (Kirkland Lake).
Third row, left to right: Phil Mervin (Kirkland Lake), [unidentified], Jack Kussner (Kirkland Lake), Sam Davis (Kirkland Lake), Harry Moscoe (Kirkland Lake), Don Wertman (Kirkland Lake), Max Levine (Kirkland Lake), Joe Scott (Kirkland Lake), Irving Kokotow (Kirkland Lake).
Second row, left to right: Sam Langer (Kirkland Lake), Isaac Korman (Rouyn-Noranda), H. Levson (Rouyn-Noranda), Norman Koza (Timmins), Jack Halpert (Timmins), Manny Abrams (Timmins), M. Kaplan (Kirkland Lake), Sam Finkleman (Kirkland Lake).
Front row, left to right: Sol Shankman (Timmins), Harry Miller (Rouyn-Noranda), Montague Raisman (Toronto), Saul Ross (Kirkland Lake), M. Brown (North Bay), Rev. Rabinovitch (Kirkland Lake).
Notes
Finkelman may be an alternate spelling for Sam Finkleman.
Name Access
B'nai B'rith
Moscoe, Harry, 1905-
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Kirkland Lake (Ont.)
Accession Number
1977-1-4
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 3870
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
3870
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1938
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 17 x 25 cm
Scope and Content
This item is an original print of delegates from the 4th biennial Young Judaea convention, held in London, Ontario. The photo depicts a group of delegates standing in front of the Talmud Torah. Pictured are:
Front row, (seated), left to right: Clara Wohlgelernter, Katherine Pless, Ethel Waters, Miriam Lipson, Mildred Rittersporn, Hy Cohen, Sophie Eisen, Helen Richardson, Lily Friedberg, Sally Friedberg.
Second row, (standing), left to right: Phil Ginsberg, [unidentified], [unidentified], Ben Marks, Ethel Rappaport, Lena Stren, Edith Rappaport, Esther Lunenfeld, [unidentified], [unidentified], Mildred Fink, [unidentified], [unidentified], Hy Jack, Meyer Bromberg, [unidentified], Frida Zimmerman, Mark Zimmerman, Doris Adelstein, Bess Jack, Sidney Hoffman, Morris Kertzer, Felice Hoffman, Miriam Hoffman, Ruth Fish, [unidentified].
Third row, left to right: Stan Ginsberg, Ben Wertman, Sol Marks, [unidentified], [unidentified], [unidentified], [unidentified], Wilfred Stemeroff, [unidentified], [unidentified], John Devor, Edna Rittersporn, Willie Zimmerman, Anne Brown.
Back row, left to right: [unidentified], Rabbi David Kirshenbaum, [unidentified], Mr. Rubinoff, [unidentified], Ruth Schlossman.
Notes
Photo by the Art Photo Studio, London.
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Accession Number
1984-1-8
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Jewish Community Centre of Toronto fonds
Jewish Community Centre Archives Committee series
Photograph collection sub-series
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 61; Series 2-2; Item 33
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Jewish Community Centre of Toronto fonds
Jewish Community Centre Archives Committee series
Photograph collection sub-series
Level
Item
Fonds
61
Series
2-2
Item
33
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1954
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Scope and Content
This file consists of one photograph taken at the "Y" Leaders' Conference at the Mothers' and Babes' Rest Home in Tollandale. The photograph is of a group of young men and women sitting in a circle at a roast, which was part of the recreational period. The photograph was featured in the 13 September 1954 edition of the Y-Time. Pictured are:
Left to right: Florence Drutz (m. Mintz), Betty Saltzman, Estelle Morrison, Hannah Levine, Pauline Starkman, Lil Muchmaker, Rose Wasserman (m. Dubin), Honey Turk, Betty Harris, Gert Wainberg, Herb Brown, Maude Leibert, [unidentified], Fred Clap, John Gilbert, [unidentified].
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. Please contact the Archives to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 12
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
12
Material Format
graphic material
Date
12 June 1942
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w
Scope and Content
Item is a portrait of members of the Office[rs] Committee of the Jewish National Workers Alliance, taken at their annual conference in Toronto. The members are identified on the front of the photograph.
Notes
Acquired June 21,1974.
Name Access
Jewish National Workers Alliance
Subjects
Committees
Congresses and conventions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 27
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
27
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1937
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Custodial History
Jack Brill donated these photographs to the Ontario Jewish Archives in 1974.
Scope and Content
Item is a black-and-white photograph taken of a group of Brill Cap and Neckwear Company employees attending a sales conference held at the Royal York Hotel in Toronto on 12 January 1937.
Name Access
Brill, Jack
Brill Cap and Neckwear Co.
Royal York Hotel (Toronto, Ont.)
Subjects
Clothing trade
Congresses and conventions
Employees
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Toronto Cloakmakers Union fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 8; Item 4
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Toronto Cloakmakers Union fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
8
Item
4
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1912
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Custodial History
Unknown
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of a group attending the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union 11th Convention in 1912
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 23
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
23
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1934
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Admin History/Bio
The International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union was founded in the United States in 1900 by amalgamating seven local unions. The ILGWU was dominated by the Jewish and Italian immigrants who worked in the garment industries. The union was formed to protect their interests. In the early years it was troubled by politics, but still continued to grow. In Canada, the Toronto Cloakmakers Union became affilitated with the ILGWU in 1911, which was two years after their official formation.
Scope and Content
Item is a black-and-white photograph of the General Strike Committee of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union in 1934.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Magerman, A
Subjects
Committees
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Physical Condition
Good.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Dorothy Dworkin fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 10; Item 30
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Dorothy Dworkin fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
10
Item
30
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1957]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm
Admin History/Bio
David Lewis was a lawyer and one of the leaders of the early CCF party. During the early years of the party, he was one of the most influential policy-makers in the CCF and travelled across the country and parts of the United States on speaking tours between and during election campaigns. During the 1950s, he moved to Toronto and joined a prominent law firm. He acted in an advisory capacity on the Trades and Labour Congress and the Canadian Congress of Labour when they formed the Canadian Labour Congress. He later helped form the New Democratic Party during the early 1960s. In 1962, he was elected to the House of Commons as a member for York South. He became NDP leader in 1971, after the retirement of T.C. Douglas. He lost his seat a few years later and began lecturing at Carleton University. He passed away in May 1981.
Scope and Content
Photograph of David Lewis speaking at a meeting given by the Cloakmaker's Union, possibly in New York. From left to right are: Dora Dworkin, Abe Kirzner, David Lewis, and others.
Notes
Photographer unknown.
Name Access
Cloakmaker's Union
Kirzner, Abe
Subjects
Labor unions
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
New York (N.Y.).
Accession Number
2005-4-5
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Maurice Berg fonds
Level
File
ID
Fonds 41; File 14
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Maurice Berg fonds
Level
File
Fonds
41
File
14
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1955, 1975
Physical Description
20 photographs : b&w and col. ; 21 x 26 cm or smaller
Scope and Content
This file consists of photographs of Maurice Berg with members of Ajalon Lodge on a tour of Israel in 1955 and the Program Commitee for the Zionist Organization of Canada convention in Jerusalem in 1975.
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Betty Goldstick Lindgren fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 45; Item 41
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Betty Goldstick Lindgren fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
45
Item
41
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1919
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 21 x 51 cm on mat 23 x 57 cm
Admin History/Bio
The first meeting of the Canadian Jewish Congress was held in Montreal from March 16-19, 1919. Their intended goal was to mobilize Canadian Jews and discuss the following issues: the community's self-image and future, national minority rights in Eastern Europe, the future of a Jewish national home in Palestine and the recognition of a Jewish nation by the League of Nations. This conference was followed in May of that year by several district conferences held in Montreal, Toronto and Winnipeg.
On January 26, 1919, a conference attended by 125 local organizations was held in the Baron de Hirsch Institute. The conference recognized the necessity for a Canadian Jewish Congress, and elected a committee of forty to arrange the first national CJC meeting. The committee divided Canada into three territorial districts: Montreal (Quebec), Toronto (Ontario), and Winnipeg (Western Canada), and each district was to arrange elections to send delegates.
Ontario sent a total of 65 delegates to the first national CJC meeting in March of 1919. 40 of these were from Toronto. Elections for the all the delegates took place on March 2, 1919. A large majority of Canadian Jews participated in these elections.
Across the country, 25,000 ballots were cast during the 1919 election. This indicated that a huge portion of the Canadian Jewish community was involved in the CJC, since the total Jewish population at that time was 125,000.
The first CJC Plenary Assembly, involving the group seen in this photo, was from March 16-19, 1919 (Purim), and the photo was taken on the 18th on the steps of the Baron de Hirsch building at 2040 Bleury St., but the actual meetings were held nearby at the Monument Nationale Theatre, which had a larger auditorium.
Scope and Content
The item is a panoramic photograph of the delegates who took part in the first Canadian Jewish Congress plenary session in Montreal. The photo was taken on March 18, 1919 on the steps of the Baron de Hirsch building on 2040 Bleury St., though the actual meetings were held nearby at the Monument Nationale Theatre, which had a larger auditorium.
Three members of the Goldstick family were elected delegates to this conference from Toronto: Maurice Goldstick, Betty Goldstick and Henry Dworkin. In turn, many prominent members of the Toronto community took part such as: M. Gelber (manufacturer), Ben Zion Hyman (book store owner and scholar), I. Matenko (teacher), Dr. Pollock (physician), Sam Factor (lawyer), and A. Cohen (lawyer).
Name Access
Canadian Jewish Congress
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Physical Condition
Photograph is in good condition.
Related Material
A detailed account of the formation of the Canadian Jewish Congress can be found in A.D. Hart's "The Jew in Canada" (1926). An original ballot to elect Toronto's delegates to the meeting is located in accession 2004-5/162. Also, see the ZOC fonds, #27, for minutes documenting CJC from this time period. Finally, MG6E3 in the file cabinet contains 2 files documenting Maurice Goldstick and Betty's involvement in the CJC in 1919, and later Maurice and Dorothy's involvement in Congress during the 1930s. Some of the individuals have been identified in a photocopy of this item which is available in the accession records. A full delegates list can be found in Hart's "The Jew in Canada.".
Places
Montréal (Québec)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 28
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
28
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1971
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 13 x 18 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a group portrait of the Appeals Committee at the thirty-fourth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Convention held in Miami Beach, Florida from May 6th to 14th, 1971.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
Miami (Fla.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 30
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
30
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1974
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 13 x 18 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a group portrait of the Committee on Organization at the thirty-fifth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Convention at Miami Beach, Florida, held from May 31st to June 7th, 1974.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
Miami Beach (Fla.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 24
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
24
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1962
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 28 x 35 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a group portrait of the Committee on Jurisdiction at the thirty-first International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention held in Atlantic City, New Jersey from May 23rd to June 1st, 1962. Harry Clairmont is seated in the front row, third from left.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atalantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 18
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
18
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1950
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 26 x 45 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of attendees seated at tables at the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Golden Jubilee held at the Convention Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey, from May 23rd to June 1st, 1950. Leon van Gelder and the Unity House Orchestra is on the stage.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Anniversaries
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 20
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
20
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 30 x 49 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of attendees seated at tables with their respective local unions at the twenty-ninth convention of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. The convention was held in Convention Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey from May 10th to 18th, 1956.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
The photograph is brittle and is starting to curl.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 21
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
21
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1956
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 30 x 47 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates seated at their tables at the twenty-ninth International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey, May 10th to 18th, 1956.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Congresses and conventions
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
Photograph is brittle and is starting to curl.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 32; Item 19
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Harry Clairmont fonds
Level
Item
Fonds
32
Item
19
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1950
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 24 x 48 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a photograph of delegates at the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Golden Jubilee held at the Convention Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey, from May 23rd to June 1st, 1950. The delegates are sitting with their respective local unions.
Notes
Photographer: Central Studios, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Name Access
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Subjects
Anniversaries
Labor unions
Portraits, Group
Repro Restriction
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Physical Condition
Partially attached to glass and torn.
Places
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Accession Number
1984-1-6
Source
Archival Descriptions
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