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Accession Number
2006-11-3
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2006-11-3
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
50 cm of textual records
Date
1939-1983
Scope and Content
The accession consists of material accumulated by Albert Edelstein, who was an active member of the Habonim youth movement during and after the war years. The records include material relating to Habonim seminars, meetings, concerts, conventions, Camp Kvutza and the 1983 reunion. It also includes newsletters from Habonim Toronto, Montreal and other cities as well as material produced by other organizations like Young Judaea, the Farband, and Poale Zion.
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2008-7-10
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2008-7-10
Material Format
object
Physical Description
3 artifacts
Date
1915-1940
Scope and Content
Accession consists of several artifacts. The main item is a Singer sewing machine which was manufactured in 1915. It was used by the donor's father, Isaac Edelstein, when he worked as a tailor for Tip Top Tailors during the 1920s. He scratched his name and the date, 1923, into the machine. The other two items are sewing shears that were used by Isaac Edelstein and his wife Ida. She also worked in the garment industry at that time.
Custodial History
In 2003 the donor, Albert Edelstein, received a call from an individual who found the sewing machine in his father's basement after he passed away. He saw that it was inscribed with the name I. Edelstein and tried to locate a family member by calling individuals with that surname in the city telephone book.
Use Conditions
Must credit Isaac Edelstein when displaying objects.
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2008-9-4
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2008-9-4
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Date
1946-1953
Scope and Content
Accession includes invitations, booklets, flyers, a bulletin and other ephemera relating to the following organizations: Revolutionary Workers Party (Trotskyist) Toronto Branch; Labour Zionist Organization of America; Labout Zionist Bond Committee of Toronto; Beth Hamidrash Hagadol Synagogue; Jewish National Folk School Building Fund; and Histadrut News Bulletin. Some of the material is in Yiddish.
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-2-1
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-2-1
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Date
[192-?]-[200-?]
Scope and Content
Accession consists of three booklets produced by missionary groups: "The Rivival" by James Sturm; "The Promise" by Chick Publications; and "Rosh Ha-Shanah" by Henry Bregman, a former rabbi. The first two booklets are graphic stories; the latter booklet is in Hebrew.
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-2
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-2
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Date
1942-2010
Scope and Content
Accession consists of a program for a concert put on by Harbord Collegiate Institute's Choral Society and Orchestra (1942), an invitation for Mrs. Sheva Stern (1949), an Israel Histradut Campaign brochure documenting an address delivered by Thomas Douglas at its annual banquet (1954), a copy of the journal Jewish Women's Forum (1995) and an order form for the book Passionate Pioneers (2010).
Descriptive Notes
Language note: English and Yiddish.
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2012-4-10
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2012-4-10
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
ca. 65 photographs : col. (ca. 30 negatives) ; 22 x 28 cm or smaller
Date
1945-1985
Scope and Content
Accession consists of textual and graphic material documenting Albert Edelstein's involvement with the Labour Zionist Youth group (Habonim Dror) and the Frontier Branch of the Labour Zionist Alliance-Toronto. Included are programmes, Fundraising material, a meeting notice, a Frontier News bulletin, and a Frontier Branch 513 anniversary booklet. Also included is a composite copy photograph of members of the Jewish National Workers Alliance (1941) and photographs of a Habonim reunion that took place in 1983. Finally accession also includes an issue of Congregation Beth Hamidrash Hagadol's bulletin "The Shofar" (1945).
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2012-7-24
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2012-7-24
Material Format
textual record
object
graphic material
Physical Description
12 cm of textual records and other material
Date
1942-2005, predominant 1942-1955
Scope and Content
Accession consists of records documenting the activities of Albert Edelstein and his family. The bulk of the records document Albert's involvement in the Habonim-Dror labour Zionist youth movement. Included are Habonim concert programmes, correspondence, notes, flyers, and newsletters as well as notes and correspondence documenting the activities and operation of Camp Kvutza. Also included are photographs, invitations and guest lists to the Habonim reunion in Toronto (1983), a CD containing information related to the 75th anniversary of the Habonim movement, and a newspaper clipping, notes, and a badge related to Camp Gesher. Accession also contains a brochure, a broadside, and event programme books of the Jewish Farband Folk Schools, and a Bureau of Jewish Education brochure. In addition, there are I.L.G.W.U. membership dues cards belonging to Ida Edelstein, issues of the Labour Zionist publications Farband Chaver (1943) and Insight (1984), and fundraising material related to the Israel Histadrut Campaign. There are also programmes, flyers and brochures of various Jewish organizations including, Hadassah, UJWF, United Jewish People's Order, YM-YWHA, Hashomer Hatzair, and the State of Israel Bonds. Finally accession consists of Second World War Victory Bonds receipt and brochure, a Monteith Inn (Shopsowitz) dance dinner menu, and a Zionist Youth Committee of Toronto flyer for a march in support of the Jews suffering through the Holocaust in Europe.
Custodial History
Material was in the possession of Albert Edelstein until its donation in 2012.
Use Conditions
Copyright may not be held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Descriptive Notes
Physical description note: includes 87 photographs (17 negatives), 1 badge, and 1 CD.
Language note: records are in English and Yiddish.
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2013-2-5
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2013-2-5
Material Format
sound recording
Physical Description
3 vinyl recordings : analog ; 33 1/3 rpm
Date
[ca. 1970]-1978
Scope and Content
Accession consists of 3 vinyl recordings: Music for Passover for Mixed Choir and Strings by Srul Irving Glick, Conductor and Composer, recorded at a live concert at Beth Tzedec Synagogue; Winds of the Negev composed and conducted by Bill Berle with the BBC London Orchestra and Chorus; Toronto Pirchei Choir with Neginah Orchestra.
Use Conditions
Copyright is not held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2020-1-4
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2020-1-4
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
3 booklets
Date
1913–1960
Scope and Content
Accession consists of three booklets donated by Albert Edelstein that document Toronto's Jewish community. Included are a copy of the Constitution of the Congregation Rodfei Shulem Anshe Kiew (1913), better known as the Kiever Synagogue; a tribute book honouring Dr. Chaim Shidlovski (1865–1925), which was published by Farband (ca. 1920s); and a program for the United Jewish Appeal of Toronto's Victory Celebration Dinner, which was held at the Regency Towers Hotel on 26 May 1960.
Use Conditions
Copyright may not be held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Descriptive Notes
Language: Tribute book is in Hebrew.
Name Access
Kiever Synagogue (Toronto, Ont.)
UJA Federation of Greater Toronto
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
National Council of Jewish Women of Canada fonds
Toronto Section series
Toronto Section archival material sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 38; Series 7-13; File 43
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
National Council of Jewish Women of Canada fonds
Toronto Section series
Toronto Section archival material sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
38
Series
7-13
File
43
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
1973-1994
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
21 photographs : b&w and col. ; 10 x 15 cm or smaller
Scope and Content
File consists of photographs, newsclippings, and literature pertaining to refuseniks and activists in Moldavia, and of the fundraising and support NCJW are providing.
Subjects
Jews--Soviet Union
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
National Council of Jewish Women of Canada fonds
Toronto Section series
Education Portfolio sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 38; Series 7-6; File 10
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
National Council of Jewish Women of Canada fonds
Toronto Section series
Education Portfolio sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
38
Series
7-6
File
10
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
1974-1984
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
37 photographs : b&w and col. (16 negatives and 8 slides) ; 21 x 18 cm or smaller
Scope and Content
File consists of a graphic press cutting, photographs, negatives and slides related to the Soviet Jewry program. Some are of a separated refusenik family, and fundraisers in aid of Soviet Jewry. There is also an announcement of a Separated Family Week with Jim Peterson, M.P. Willowdale, as guest speaker.
Name Access
Peterson, David, 1943-
Subjects
Jews--Soviet Union
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
2008-10-5
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2008-10-5
Material Format
graphic material
Physical Description
4 photographs : b&w and sepia toned ; 30 x 36 cm or smaller
Date
[192-]-[194-]
Scope and Content
This accession consists of two photographs of a youth sports club featuring Goldie Edelstein and two photographs of the executive of the Farband Borochov Branch 124. Identified individuals include: Jack Rochman, back row, first right (2008-10-5_002) S. Shleiffer, J.J. Zweig, M. Myers, Harry Shar, B. Shane, S. Levenstein, I. Weintraub, Sam Atin, D. Cooper, M. Freedman, D. Kirshenbaum, M. Goldberg, A. Leibman, I. Pomotov, A. Nikin and Y. Kash.
Custodial History
The records were in the possession of the donor before they were donated to the Archives on Nov. 4, 2008.
Use Conditions
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Jewish community involvement series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 92; Series 4; File 6
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Jewish community involvement series
Level
File
Fonds
92
Series
4
File
6
Material Format
textual record
Date
1967-1973
Physical Description
3 cm of textual records
Admin History/Bio
In 1970 many Jewish groups in Ontario organized to help refusniks who were being persecuted in the Soviet Union and to pressure local, national and international governments to address Soviet antisemitism. In early 1971, the Action Committee for Soviet Jewry (ACSJ) was formed by the (then) Central Region of the CJC to coordinate the activities of, and provide stable funding and administrative support for, these various ad hoc committees and action groups that had sprung up across Ontario.
The ACSJ originally reported to the CJC’s Steering Committee for Soviet Jewry (SCSJ), but by the mid-1970s the reporting of the two committees was reversed, with the steering committee reporting to the action committee. By 1977, the action committee and the steering committee were merged into the newly-renamed CJC Ontario Region’s Committee for Soviet Jewry (occasionally referred to as the Toronto Committee). J. B. Salsberg was the first SCSJ Chairman, serving in this capacity until 1976.
Scope and Content
File consists of records documenting J. B. Salsberg's involvement in the CJC's Committee for Soviet Jewry. Included are booklets, handwritten notes, newspaper clippings, articles, correspondence, meeting minutes of the National Committee on Soviet Jewry and the Steering Committee for Soviet Jewry, reports, newsletters, conference booklets, and a brochure.
Subjects
Committees
Jews--Soviet Union
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Jewish community involvement series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 92; Series 4; File 7
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Jewish community involvement series
Level
File
Fonds
92
Series
4
File
7
Material Format
textual record
Date
1975
Physical Description
3 cm of textual records
Admin History/Bio
In 1970 many Jewish groups in Ontario organized to help refusniks who were being persecuted in the Soviet Union and to pressure local, national and international governments to address Soviet antisemitism. In early 1971, the Action Committee for Soviet Jewry (ACSJ) was formed by the (then) Central Region of the CJC to coordinate the activities of, and provide stable funding and administrative support for, these various ad hoc committees and action groups that had sprung up across Ontario.
The ACSJ originally reported to the CJC’s Steering Committee for Soviet Jewry (SCSJ), but by the mid-1970s the reporting of the two committees was reversed, with the steering committee reporting to the action committee. By 1977, the action committee and the steering committee were merged into the newly-renamed CJC Ontario Region’s Committee for Soviet Jewry (occasionally referred to as the Toronto Committee). J. B. Salsberg was the first SCSJ Chairman, serving in this capacity until 1976.
Scope and Content
File consists of records documenting J. B. Salsberg's involvement in the CJC's Committee for Soviet Jewry. Included are newspaper clippings, bulletins, executive committee meeting minutes of the Committee for Soviet Jewry, a booklet, and a programme for the 23rd anniversary of the execution of Soviet Jewish poets, novelists and artists at the Beth Tzedec Synagogue.
Subjects
Committees
Jews--Soviet Union
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Jewish community involvement series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 92; Series 4; File 8
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Joseph Baruch Salsberg fonds
Jewish community involvement series
Level
File
Fonds
92
Series
4
File
8
Material Format
textual record
Date
1986-1991
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Admin History/Bio
In 1970 many Jewish groups in Ontario organized to help Refusniks who were being persecuted in the Soviet Union and to pressure local, national and international governments to address Soviet antisemitism. In early 1971, the Action Committee for Soviet Jewry (ACSJ) was formed by the (then) Central Region of the CJC to coordinate the activities of, and provide stable funding and administrative support for, these various ad hoc committees and action groups that had sprung up across Ontario.
The ACSJ originally reported to the CJC’s Steering Committee for Soviet Jewry (SCSJ), but by the mid-1970s the reporting of the two committees was reversed, with the steering committee reporting to the action committee. By 1977, the action committee and the steering committee were merged into the newly-renamed CJC Ontario Region’s Committee for Soviet Jewry (occasionally referred to as the Toronto Committee). J. B. Salsberg was the first SCSJ Chairman, serving in this capacity until 1976.
Scope and Content
File consists of records documenting J.B. Salsberg's involvement in the CJC's Committee for Soviet Jewry. Included are booklets, reports, agendas, correspondence, meeting minutes, conference material for the Regional Conference on Israel and Soviet Jewry, and newspaper clippings.
Subjects
Committees
Jews--Soviet Union
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Level
Series
ID
Fonds 17; Series 3
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Level
Series
Fonds
17
Series
3
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
1967-1992
Physical Description
4.5 m of textual records
1822 photographs : b&w ; 20 x 25 cm or smaller
Admin History/Bio
The earliest impetus for the creation of a Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC) committee to focus on the issue of Soviet Jews was in response to the infamous “Leningrad trials” of 31 dissident Soviet Jews in the winter of 1970. Concurrently, the Soviet government began to systematically persecute almost all Jews who applied for permission to emigrate. The issuing of exit visas was refused (the genesis of the term “Refusnik”), usually on exaggerated claims of national security, after which the applicants were often dismissed from their jobs, recalled to military service, or similarly persecuted by state authorities. Those who publicly protested such treatment were subsequently arrested, detained for long periods, or tried as examples to others and sent to Siberian labour camps.
When information about the plight of Soviet Jews reached Canada, Toronto’s Jews responded immediately and decisively. Synagogue congregations, student groups, women’s organizations, professional organizations and community groups all established independent committees to aid Soviet Jews directly and to pressure local, national and international governments to address Soviet antisemitism. Very quickly these committees began organizing mass rallies, letter writing campaigns, petitions, targeted protests and direct aid involving large numbers of people and considerable fundraising efforts. From 1971 to the late 1980s the cause of Soviet Jewry remained, along with support for The State of Israel, the most significant issue to the Jewish community.
The Action Committee for Soviet Jewry (ACSJ) was formed by the (then) Central Region of the CJC in early 1971 in order to coordinate the activities of, and provide stable funding and administrative support for, the various ad hoc committees and action groups that had sprung up across Toronto and the rest of Ontario. Organizations coordinated by the Action Committee included university student groups, the Group of 35, Women for Soviet Jewry (WSJ), B’nai B’rith, and the Canadian Zionist Federation (CZF). The ACSJ originally reported to the CJC’s Steering Committee for Soviet Jewry (SCSJ), but by the mid-1970s the reporting of the two committees was reversed, with the Steering Committee reporting to the Action Committee. By 1977, the Action Committee and the Steering Committee were merged into the newly-renamed CJC Ontario Region’s Committee for Soviet Jewry (occasionally referred to as the Toronto Committee).
The first Chairman of the SCSJ was the prominent Toronto politician and activist Joseph B. Salsberg. Later chairs, including Sam Filer, Phyllis Sugar, Reg Adelman, author Jeanette Goldman, Joyce Eklove, and Judge Ted Matlow were also involved with affiliated local groups whose activities were coordinated by the SCSJ. Sam Filer, its first permanent Secretary, became in 1976 its second Chairman. He also served as Chairman of the Toronto Action Committee for Soviet Jewry and was an original co-founder of Lawyers and Jurists for Soviet Jewry. Similarly, Phyllis Sugar was a Co-chair of the ACSJ with Reg Adelman in the early to mid-1970s, while simultaneously serving as the Chair of WSJ. Genya Intrator, the first Chair of WSJ in the early 1970s, later served as first Chair of the Canadian Committee for Soviet Jewry. Despite having its first meeting in Winnipeg, the Canadian Committee had most of its leadership and activities in Toronto. Toronto residents Sydney Harris (later Judge Harris), David Satok, Genya Intrator and David Sadowski all chaired this committee as it developed a national agenda through contacts with affiliated organizations across the country, while coordinating internationally with groups such as the Union of Councils for Soviet Jews based in New York.
Towards the end of the 1980s, many of the restrictions regarding exit visas for refusniks were removed and increasingly Russian Jews began to immigrate to Israel, the United States and Canada. A large percentage of the latter settled in Toronto. By 1991, in response to the changes in Russia and the former Soviet republics, the CJC’s local and national Soviet Jewry Committees were wound up and their leadership began to focus on new issues, such as the integration of Soviet Jewish immigrants into Canada and the continuing struggle to fight antisemitism in the successor states of the former Soviet Union. To this end, the CJC formed a Political Liaison Committee in the early 1990s. Internationally, however, many Russian Jewish advocacy groups continued to operate on the foundation of activism and community organization established during the decades of solidarity built around the Soviet Jewry cause.
Custodial History
The records in this series were accumulated and maintained in the offices of the CJC under the jurisdiction of Samuel Resnick, in his role as the Director of the Community Action for Israel Committee, and as the main CJC staff employee for overseeing the Action Committee for Soviet Jewry and Steering Committee for Soviet Jewry, which eventually coalesced as simply the Committee for Soviet Jewry circa 1977. By 1980, Resnick’s title was Director of the Committee for Soviet Jewry, Central Region, making him the primary full-time staffer of the CJC involved in the Soviet Jewry cause.
Scope and Content
Series consists of extensive planning, administrative and operational records including meeting minutes, correspondence, budgets and membership lists. Records pertaining to activities include numerous event and protest photographs, articles, petitions, posters and other press materials. Records related to the gathering of information regarding Soviet Jewry include transcripts of telegrams and telephone conversations, background fact sheets and many individual case files.
This series has been arranged into six sub-series. Sub-series 1 consists of Ontario Region committee meeting agendas and minutes. Sub-series 2 consists of the correspondence files documenting various activities of that committee. Sub-series 3 consists of the agendas, minutes and general correspondence of the National Committee for Soviet Jewry. Sub-series 4 consists of records documenting affiliated Jewish organizations that collaborated with the CJC in protesting the persecution of Soviet Jews. Sub-series 5 consists of records documenting the various protest activities such as lobbying, letter writing, public rallies, marches and demonstrations. Sub-series 6 , Rufusnik Cases, consists of 3 sub-sub-series, containing individual case files, large published lists, and reference publications about Soviet Jews who were refused permission to emigrate (refusniks).
Notes
Physical extent note: although over 28 m of Soviet Jewry records were originally transferred to the OJA, more than 23 m of those records have been culled due to their origin (non-Canadian sources), format (outside periodicals and publications), because they were merely externally-created reference materials, or because they were part of the very large volumes of duplicates that made up the majority of the box contents. Records documenting the activities of other CJC Committees have also been removed for future processing within more appropriately-titled series within Fonds 17.
Subjects
Committees
Jews--Soviet Union
Arrangement
Because the Soviet Jewry records donated by the Canadian Jewish Congress had not been maintained in a discernable original order, they had to be reorganized into their current arrangement by the processing archivist.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Protest activities sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 17; Series 3-5; File 49
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Protest activities sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
3-5
File
49
Material Format
textual record
graphic material
Date
July 1975-Aug. 1975
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
5 photographs : b&w ; 20 x 25 cm or smaller
Scope and Content
File contains correspondence, newspaper clippings, news releases and programmes of the 12 Aug. annual protest. Also included are a number of short biographical essays concerning the speakers at the event and photographs of these speakers, including the Yiddish poet Israel Emiot, who visited from Rochester, New York to speak at the event.
Subjects
Jews--Soviet Union
Poets, Yiddish
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Refusnik cases sub-series
Reference publications sub-sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
3-6-3
File
5
Material Format
text
Responsibility
Margery Sanford, Myriam P. Wolf and Judith Matz ; introduction by Dante B. Fascell ; translation by Irving Dalin
Date
Aug. 1978
Physical Description
1 v. : unbound
Subjects
Antisemitism--Soviet Union
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Protest activities sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 17; Series 3-5; File 69
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Protest activities sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
3-5
File
69
Material Format
textual record
Date
Mar. 1977
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
File contains a notice and program notes for an emergency meeting held on 30 Mar 1977 at Shaarei Shomayim Synagogue.
Name Access
Shaarei Shomayim Congregation (Toronto, Ont.)
Subjects
Antisemitism--Soviet Union
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Association for Ethiopian Jews fonds
Level
Fonds
ID
Fonds 125
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Association for Ethiopian Jews fonds
Level
Fonds
Fonds
125
Material Format
multiple media
Date
1980-1993
Physical Description
ca 97 cm of textual records
3 audiocassettes
1 poster
Custodial History
The Canadian Association for Ethiopian Jews was a non-profit organization established in 1980 for the sole purpose of assisting Ethiopian Jews. To this end, CAEJ (pronounced "cage") cooperated with other bodies such as the American Association for Ethiopian Jews.
Initially, CAEJ worked with the Canadian Jewish Congress Sub Committee for Ethiopian Jewry, but the two severed ties early on. The divorce was driven by a difference in strategy: The CJC subcommittee preferred quiet diplomacy while CAEJ wanted to make noise. CAEJ was prepared to criticize Israel in the media, for example, for failing to do enough for Ethiopia's Jews—something that provoked disagreement within the Jewish community.
Apart from advocating for Ethiopia's Jews, CAEJ's main work consisted of rescue and relief. Rescue took the form of a visa program, in which Jewish students in Ethiopia were issued visas so that they could attend Canadian universities; once out of Ethiopia, they were able to immigrate to Israel. Relief took the form of an Adopt-a-Family program, which delivered monthly stipends to Ethiopians in need. According to Cathy Himelfard, past president of CAEJ, at least five hundred individuals received stipends from the organization.
In 1980, CAEJ established a Pacific chapter in Vancouver, which undertook education and rescue programs. CAEJ later opened chapters in Montreal, Ottawa, Winnipeg, and Calgary.
In 1984, CAEJ received a $15,000 Wintario grant to produce a videotape on the black Jews of Ethiopia. Susan Fish, provincial minister of citizenship and culture, awarded CAEJ the grant. CAEJ was one of sixteen that were given that year.
In 1986, the organization sent a five-person team to Ethiopia's Gondar province, the home of many of Ethiopia's Jews. The team included CAEJ's executive director, Susan Schechtman, and its assistant administrative director, Donna Finkelstein. The team visited five villages, bringing relief and conducting a fact-finding mission, the findings of which were disseminated in the press upon the team's return.
In 1987, the CAEJ held a benefit concert at the EI Mocambo, a live music venue in Toronto, to aid the Jews stranded in Ethiopia.
In 1990, 15,000 Jews moved from their villages in the northern regions of Ethiopia to Addis Ababa, under the impression that they would be able to emigrate without delay. With immigration to Israel greatly reduced, these Jews founded themselves living in terrible conditions, with reports of several hundred individuals, mostly children, dying of malnutrition and disease. In response to these developments, the CAEJ redirected its Adopt-a-Family funds to the mass relief. This involved sending doctors and medication as well as launching projects to provide clothing, food supplements, and more medical supplies.
The association's final project, conducted after Operation Solomon, involved persuading two-hundred-and-fifty Jews in Sudan to return to Addis Ababa. Once there, they were flown to Israel.
In 1992, after twelve years of operation, CAEJ shut down. Former president Jack Hope told the CJN, "We've fulfilled our mandate."
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of material documenting the Canadian Associate for Ethiopian Jews. Included are letters, artifacts, meeting minutes and agendas, newspaper clippings, reference materials, audio recordings, an office manual, and a poster.
The fonds is divided into six series: Rescue and relief letters, Administrative records, Clippings and reference materials, Artifacts, Audiovisual materials, and Posters.
Notes
Related groups of records external to the unit being described: A CAEJ advertisement that appeared in the Toronto Star can be found in the Larry Becker fonds.
Name Access
Canadian Association for Ethiopian Jews
Subjects
Associations, institutions, etc
Jews, Ethiopian
Nonprofit organizations
Access Restriction
Partially closed. Researchers must receive permission from the OJA Director prior to accessing some of the records.
Repro Restriction
Copyright may not be held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Places
Canada
Ethiopia
Israel
United States
Accession Number
1993-1-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
2013-7-12
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2013-7-12
Material Format
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Date
1969
Scope and Content
Accession consists of one copy of an annotated Ostrovtzer Young Men's Branch sprintime '69 Dance and Folies program.
Source
Archival Accessions
Part Of
Sylvia Schwartz fonds
Portraits of Prominent Jewish Torontonians series
Level
Item
ID
Fonds 80; Series 1; Item 35
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Sylvia Schwartz fonds
Portraits of Prominent Jewish Torontonians series
Level
Item
Fonds
80
Series
1
Item
35
Material Format
graphic material
Date
Aug. 1944
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative) ; 11 x 9 cm and 13 x 9 cm
Admin History/Bio
Albert White was an office furniture and stationary supply store owner, and one of the original members of the Y.M.-Y.W.H.A. Executive Committee.
Scope and Content
The item is a portrait of Albert White.
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Related Material
See Fonds 61: 2-2 for group photographs with Albert White at Y.M.-Y.W.H.A. events.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region fonds
Committee for Soviet Jewry series
Refusnik cases sub-series
Individual Refusnik cases sub-sub series
Level
File
Fonds
17
Series
3-6-1
File
117
Material Format
textual record
Date
[ca. 1975]
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
2004-5-32
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2004-5-32
Material Format
graphic material
textual record
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
1 photograph : b&w ; 15 x 25 cm on matte 26 x 36 cm
9 photographs : b&w and col. ; 21 x 26 cm or smaller
Date
[ca. 1910]-[ca. 1985]
Scope and Content
This accession consists of photographs and clippings of Canadian Israel Pioneers, Histadrut group, and the Canadian Air Force army group. There are photocopy and original clippings about Sam Stern who went to Palestine with a group of young men in 1933 and was killed in 1939 defending the Jewish colony Genossar near Galillee, and the Toronto UJA study mission participants who visited his grave years later.
Custodial History
Donated by Albert Jessel.
Administrative History
Sam Stern was the brother of Bill Stern.
Source
Archival Accessions
Passenger Names
Easton, Albert
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Passenger Names
Easton, Albert
Page Number
550
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Photographer
Harvey and Adena Glasner
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Passenger Names
Jesson, Albert
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Passenger Names
Jesson, Albert
Page Number
629
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Photographer
Harvey and Adena Glasner
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Passenger Names
Kaines, Albert
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Passenger Names
Kaines, Albert
Page Number
233
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Photographer
Harvey and Adena Glasner
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Passenger Names
Litham, Albert
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Passenger Names
Litham, Albert
Page Number
531
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Photographer
Harvey and Adena Glasner
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Passenger Names
Mills, Albert
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Passenger Names
Mills, Albert
Page Number
788
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Photographer
Harvey and Adena Glasner
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Passenger Names
Salmon, Albert
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Passenger Names
Salmon, Albert
Page Number
341
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Photographer
Harvey and Adena Glasner
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Passenger Names
Walker, Albert
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Passenger Names
Walker, Albert
Page Number
574
Date Range
June 6, 1911 to January 19, 1915
Photographer
Harvey and Adena Glasner
Source
Rotenberg Ledger
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Executive director series
Teacher files sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 48; Series 2-4; File 102
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Board of Jewish Education fonds
Executive director series
Teacher files sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
48
Series
2-4
File
102
Material Format
textual record
Date
1963-1966
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Access Restriction
Closed. Researchers must receive permission from the OJA Director prior to accessing the records
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Julius P. Katz fonds
Subject files series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 55; Series 2; File 4
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Julius P. Katz fonds
Subject files series
Level
File
Fonds
55
Series
2
File
4
Material Format
textual record
Date
1939-1940
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
Scope and Content
This file consists of correspondence with J.J. Albert, President of the Mizrachi Organization in Montreal.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 748
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
748
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[194-]
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w. ; 12 x 17 cm
Scope and Content
This item is a photograph of Professor Albert Rose of Toronto.
Notes
Acquired on June 1976.
Photograph by Ashley and Crippen.
Name Access
Rose, Albert
Subjects
Portraits
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Toronto (Ont.)
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
ID
Item 553
Source
Archival Descriptions
Level
Item
Item
553
Material Format
graphic material
Date
1895
Physical Description
2 photographs : b&w (1 negative); 18 x 13 cm
Scope and Content
Item is a copy photograph of a portrait of Albert Fine (b. 1880), probably in Russia.
Name Access
Fine, Albert
Subjects
Portraits
Repro Restriction
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Places
Russia
Accession Number
1977-2-2
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Thelma Harris Rose Family fonds
Harris family series
Albert and Thelma Rose sub-series
Level
Sub-series
ID
Fonds 115; Series 1-4
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Thelma Harris Rose Family fonds
Harris family series
Albert and Thelma Rose sub-series
Level
Sub-series
Fonds
115
Series
1-4
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1939]-[197-]
Physical Description
31 photographs : b&w (6 negatives) ; 15 x 18 cm or smaller
Scope and Content
Sub-series consists of photographs of Albert and Thelma Rose (née Harris) and their children.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Thelma Harris Rose Family fonds
Harris family series
Albert and Thelma Rose sub-series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 115; Series 1-4; File 1
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Thelma Harris Rose Family fonds
Harris family series
Albert and Thelma Rose sub-series
Level
File
Fonds
115
Series
1-4
File
1
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1939]-[197-]
Physical Description
9 photographs : b&w and col. ; 11 x 7 cm or smaller
Scope and Content
File consists of photographs of Albert and Thelma (née Harris) Rose. One photograph features Albert in military uniform and Thelma in graduation dress.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Thelma Harris Rose Family fonds
Rose family series
Level
File
ID
Fonds 115; Series 8; File 5
Source
Archival Descriptions
Part Of
Thelma Harris Rose Family fonds
Rose family series
Level
File
Fonds
115
Series
8
File
5
Material Format
graphic material
Date
[ca. 1942]-1978
Physical Description
17 photographs : b&w ; 21 x 26 cm or smaller
Scope and Content
File consists of photographs of Albert Rose during the period that he served in the military during the Second World War and later during his career at the University of Toronto.
Source
Archival Descriptions
Accession Number
1977-2-2
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
1977-2-2
Material Format
graphic material
Physical Description
14 photographs : b&w (7 negatives) ; 21 x 26 cm and 18 x 13 cm and 12 x 10 cm
Date
1895-1934
Scope and Content
This accession consists of 7 copy photographs and corresponding negatives of Albert Fine and others, in Toronto. Depicted in the photos are Alpha Sigma - Phi Delta Epsilon Fraternity, University of Toronto, 1934; portraits of Albert Fine and others; Albert Fine peddling in Guelph, Ontario; Albert Fine and family at 57 Augusta Avenue; and Albert Fine's store at Queen St. & University Ave.
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-12
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-12
Material Format
textual record
textual record (electronic)
graphic material (electronic)
Physical Description
1 folder of textual records
5 photographs (tiff and jpg) : b&w and col.
4 textual records (jpg)
Date
1965-2009
Scope and Content
This accession consists of records relating to the military career of Mikhail Lakrets. Included are five photograhs of Mikhail in uniform, two of which are attached to military documents detailing Mikhail's injury in the line of duty and his military file. Also included is a certificate of disability and a certificate confirming an official statement that he made about 3811 Jews being murdered in the town where his parents grew up. There are also photocopies of several newsclippings and a letter from the Canadian government relating to Russian veterans and social benefits.
Custodial History
The original records are in the possession of the donor. They were loaned to the Archives for copying as part of the Russian Jewish war veteran oral history program. The orignals were returned to the the donor on 22 November 2010.
Administrative History
Mikhail Lakrets was born in Proskurov, Ukraine. He was nineteen years of age when the war began. Lakrets was a private in aviation and reconnaissance and he later graduated from Tank College as a lieutenant. Lakrets was involved in the liberation of Leningrad, Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary. He received many decorations for his involvement in the liberation of these territories, as well as the Order of Patriotic War First Class, the Order of Red Star, two medals for courage and one medal for combat service.
Use Conditions
Copyright may not be held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Descriptive Notes
Language note: Records are in Russian.
Subjects
World War, 1939-1945
Soviet Union--Armed Forces
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-11
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-11
Material Format
graphic material (electronic)
graphic material
textual record
Physical Description
5 photographs : b&w and sepia (4 tiffs)
1 folder of textual records
Date
1941-2007
Scope and Content
This accession consists of records relating to the military career of Grigory Genin. Included are three photographs of Grigory in uniform as well as two photographs of him with his Soviet troop. Also included are copies of newclippings as well as a poem about his experience written by a friend.
Custodial History
The original records are in the possession of the donor. They were loaned to the Archives for copying as part of the Russian Jewish war veteran oral history program.
The original records were returned to the donor by taxi cab on 22 November 2010.
Administrative History
Grigory Genin was born in Astrakhan, in southwestern Russian and later moved to Moscow. After finishing military high school he enrolled in the Riazan Artillery College on 1 June 1941. Genin was first sent to the front at the age of 18 and participated in the Stalingrad siege. For his military service, Genin received the Order of Patriotic War, the Order of Red Star, as well as several medals for the liberation of various territories and for the storming of Vienna and Budapest.
Use Conditions
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Subjects
World War, 1939-1945
Soviet Union--Armed Forces
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-14
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-14
Material Format
graphic material (electronic)
textual record (electronic)
Physical Description
7 textual records (jpgs)
4 photographs (tiff and jpgs)
Date
1943-1999
Scope and Content
This accession consists of electronic copies of documents and photographs related to Isaak Zarembo's military career. The documents include certificates of disability, illness and participation in the war, a discharge booklet, and two booklets that accompanied his medals. The four photographs are of Isaak in his uniform, two of which are attached to documents.
Custodial History
The originals are in the possession of the donor. They were loaned to the Archives for copying and returned to the donor on 22 November 2010 as part of the Russian Jewish war veteran oral history program.
Administrative History
Isaak Zarembo was born in 1925 in Riga, Latvia. He was 16 years old when the Second World War began and joined the 43 Guards Latvian Division, 1st Attack Army in 1943 at the age of 20. He began as a private but later became a sergeant. He participated in battles of the Central Front in Latvia, on the river Ivekstve. He was wounded twice and was demobilized in 1945 due to his injuries. Zarembo received the Conspicuous Gallantry medal, the Order of Glory 3rd Class medal and the Order of Patriotic War 1st Class medal.
Use Conditions
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Subjects
World War, 1939-1945
Soviet Union--Armed Forces
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-9
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-9
Material Format
graphic material (electronic)
textual record (electronic)
Physical Description
1 photograph (tiff)
11 photographs (jpg)
1 cm of textual records (jpg)
Date
1933-1985
Scope and Content
Accession consists of photographs and textual records that document Liya's experience in the Soviet Union's military during the Second World War. Included are photographs of Liya with her battalion, the military portraits of her husband, Vladimir Liberova, and portraits of other relatives. Also included are scans of her military identification card, her certificate of injury, credentials for medals that she earned, her discharge certificate, and a document certifying that she was a member of the defense of Leningrad.
Administrative History
Liya was born in 1923 in Novozybkov, and later moved to Leningrad. She was drafted in 1942 to serve in the Soviet Union's anti-aircraft battalion. She was in the administration platoon where she was responsible for enforcing (?) blackouts, and searching the ruins for survivors to provide medical assistance. She was demobilized in 1945 and participated in the Victory Parade in Leningrad.
Use Conditions
Copyright may not be held by the Ontario Jewish Archives. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission prior to use.
Subjects
Soviet Union--Armed Forces
World War, 1939-1945
Places
Soviet Union
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-17
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-17
Material Format
graphic material
textual record
object
Physical Description
2 photographs : col. ; 10 x 15 cm and 11 x 9 cm and other material
Date
[ca. 1943] - 2010
Scope and Content
Accession consists of photographs, textual records and military medals and pins that document Iakov's experience serving in the Soviet Union's military during the Second World War. Included is a photograph of Iakov receiving a medal from the Russian Minister of Infrastructure to commemorate the 50th anniversary since the end of the war (1995), a photocopy of a docment certifying that he fought in the war, several thank you cards from the Russian president and the Russian Consulate to commemorate various anniversaries since the end of the war, a certificate documenting the battles Iakov fought in, newspaper clippings of articles written by Iakov about the war, and one photograph of Iakov at the Vaughan Community Center in Toronto with his English language classmates (2000). Also included is one CCCP Red Star pin, one medal to commemorate the 65th anniversary since the end of the war, and one military rank pin.
Custodial History
Part of the Russian Jewish War Veterans oral history program.
Descriptive Notes
Physical description note: includes 1 folder of textual records, 1 medal and 2 pins.
Subjects
Soviet Union--Armed Forces
World War, 1939-1945
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-15
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-15
Material Format
graphic material (electronic)
textual record (electronic)
Physical Description
2 photographs (tiff)
1 cm of textual records (jpg)
Date
1946-2000
Scope and Content
Accession consists of photographs and textual records that document Boris' service in the Soviet Union's military during the Second World War. Included are two military portraits of Boris, letters from the Russian government to commemorate various anniversaries of the military's victory, Boris' Soviet Union travel pass (1990), and Boris' membership renewal booklet for the Association of Second World War Veterans Newkomers from USSR in Israel (1992-2000).
Custodial History
The originals are in the possession of the donor. They were loaned to the Archives for copying and returned to the donor on the same day as part of the Russian Jewish war veteran oral history program.
Administrative History
Boris was born in Belarus, but moved to Israel later in his life. He was 14 when the war began. He served in Frontier Troops, NKVD (predecessor of KGB). Boris was a student in a military college until 1952. He began his military service as a private soldier, but later became an officer. In 1944, he participated in the battles of Eastern Prussia, Latvia and Belarus. He earned the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal and the Order of Patriotic War, 2nd class for his war service.
Descriptive Notes
Language note: documents are in Russian.
Subjects
Soviet Union--Armed Forces
World War, 1939-1945
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-20
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-20
Material Format
graphic material (electronic)
Physical Description
5 photographs (tiff) : b&w
Date
[ca. 1947] - [ca. 1970]
Scope and Content
Accession consists of photographs documenting Zinoviy's experience in the Soviet army. Included are photographs of Zinoviy with his army friends while they were stationed on the Far Eastern Front, images of Zinoviy with the army's gymnastics team in North Korea, and a portrait of Zinoviy that was taken after the Soviet army's demobilization.
Custodial History
The original records were loaned to the Archives to be copied as part of the Russian Jewish War Veterans oral history program. They were returned to the donor.
Subjects
Soviet Union--Armed Forces
World War, 1939-1945
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-21
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-11-21
Material Format
graphic material (electronic)
textual record (electronic)
Physical Description
3 photographs (tiff)
5 cm of texual records (jpg)
Date
1943-2010
Scope and Content
Accession consists of photographs and textual records that document Yakov's experience in the Soviet army during the Second World War. Included is a photograph of Yakov in uniform with his family, Yakov's graduation portrait from pharmacy school (1951) and a photograph of Yakov's father (Gregory) in his military uniform, which he sent home from his military base in Lithuania (1944). Also included are various credential cards for medals Yakov received and a letter that was sent to Yakov from Toronto's Russian consulate.
Custodial History
The originals are in the possession of the donor. They were loaned to the Archives for copying and returned to the donor the same day as part of the Russian Jewish war veteran oral history program.
Administrative History
When the Seond World War began Yakov lived in Odessa, and assisted the Soviet Union's war effort by digging trenches. He was army unit was mobilized in 1943, just after he graduated from military college. After serving for three months he was wounded in an attack. He recovered from his wounds and went on to fight in Northern Donetsk and Dneper. His unit also passed the Kharkov and Poltavskaya regions. After his unit forced the crossing of Dneper the Khrushchev got involved and transported the army to Kiev where they were supported by 209 Armoured Brigade. Here, Yakov's unit sometimes experienced up to 20 bombing and shooting attacks per day. During these attacks, Yakov was wounded twice in his legs. First, a bullet hit his leg, and then a mine exploded. He still has shrapnel in his legs from this explosion.
Descriptive Notes
Language note: Russian
Subjects
Soviet Union--Armed Forces
World War, 1939-1945
Places
Soviet Union
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-12-3
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-12-3
Material Format
graphic material (electronic)
Physical Description
8 photographs (jpg and tiff) : b&w
Date
1925-2005
Scope and Content
This accession consists of eight digital scans of original photographs belonging to Russian war vet Arkady Novokolsky. The photographs include a portait of Novokolsky in military dress, several photos taken during the Second World War and a family photograph from the 1920s.
Custodial History
The original records were loaned to the Archives for copying as part of the Russian Jewish War Veterans oral history program. They were returned to the donor.
Administrative History
Arkady Novokolsky was born in 1921 in Voznesensk, Ukraine. He was eighteeen years of age when the Second World War began and when he enlisted in the Military Aviation Navigation school in Krasnodar. He was later diagnosed with colour blindness, a condition which marked him as unfit for military service. However, he was later sent to a military technical school in Moscow and graduated with the rank of Lieutenant. He served in West Belarus as part of the Baranovichi Reconnaissance Party, assigned to process and decipher air photography. In 1944, he was sent to study at the Zhukovsky Military Academy and was then sent to Vilnius, Lithuania where he lived for 37 years until immigrating to Canada in 1981.
Use Conditions
Copyright is in the public domain and permission for use is not required. Please credit the Ontario Jewish Archives as the source of the photograph.
Subjects
World War, 1939-1945
Soviet Union--Armed Forces
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-12-5
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-12-5
Material Format
graphic material (electronic)
textual record (electronic)
Physical Description
2 photographs (jpg and tiff) : col. and sepia
2 textual records (jpg)
Date
1942, 2005-2010
Scope and Content
This accession consists of digital copies of two photographs and two documents related to the military career of Russian war vet, Shlomo Mushkat. The photographs are two portaits of Mushkat in military dress and the documents are a letter detailing his participation in the war as well as a letter from the Ukrainian Embassy on the 65th anniversary of the end of the war.
Custodial History
The original records are in the possession of the donor. They were loaned to the Archives for copying as part of the Russian Jewish War Vet oral history program.
Administrative History
Shlomo Zalmanovich Mushkat was born in Vilnius, Lithuania. In 1940, he was drafted into the Soviet Army and a year later he was sent to the front. He was wounded in battle in 1941, but after recuperating in hospital was again sent back to the front. He participated in the battles of Smolensk and Leningrad. He received many medals for liberating Russian territories and cities, inlcuidng the Order of Glory.
Subjects
World War, 1939-1945
Soviet Union--Armed Forces
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-12-7
Source
Archival Accessions
Accession Number
2010-12-7
Material Format
textual record (electronic)
Physical Description
1 textual record (jpg)
Date
26 Aug. 1943
Scope and Content
This accession consists of one injury certificate for Russian Jewish war veteran Yaacov Rats. The certificate is dated 26 August 1943, and is in reference to an arm injury caused by a piece of shrapnel.
Custodial History
Donor has original record. It was loaned to the Archives to be copied and returned as part of the Russian Jewish War Veterans oral history program.
Administrative History
Yakov Lvovich Rats was born in 1923 in Vitebsk, Belarus. At the age of one, his parents moved the family to Leningrad. Rats was drafted into the Russian army on 15 July 1941 and was transported to a military college in Ulianovsk. After college, he was sent to the front and actively served until 1943, when he was wounded by a piece of shrapnel. Rats then served on the home front at a tank college. In 1946, he enrolled in a military tank academy and upon graduation in 1952 he returend to the army until his service retirement in 1966. In 1991, he moved from Leningrad to Israel and then in 2003, he immigrated to Canada.
Subjects
Soviet Union--Armed Forces
World War, 1939-1945
Source
Archival Accessions
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