File consists chiefly of correspondence and notes relating to a 1973 Seventh Brigade reunion in Israel which Ben Dunkelman attended. The correspondence includes letters from Golda Meir, the Israeli Prime Minister, as well as from Yossie Mann, who invited Dunkelman to the reunion. Also included in the file are single copies of the magazines Haolan Haza (This World), Bamachane G'danya, and Bamachane. The first of these contains an article about Yitzhak Sade, a Palmach commander during the Arab-Israeli War; the second, published by the youth wing of the IDF, contains general army information; and the third, published by the IDF in an independence day edition, includes an article about Shlomo Shamir and the Battle of Latrun during the Arab-Israeli War.
Kiwanis International is a non-profit organization dedicated to assisting children and youth. Founded in 1915, the organization now has members in more than 80 countries. Dunkelman's speech took place at a club branch in Galt, California.
Scope and Content
File consists of a speech Ben Dunkelman gave to the Galt Kiwanis Club on 8 February 1960 in connection with his experiences during the Arab-Israeli War. The speech relates to Israel and politics in the Middle East.
Dunkelman joined the Machal (foreign fighters for Israel) (Hebrew: " ) in 1948 at the onset of the First Arab-Israeli War and was active in helping the fledgling Israeli Army break out of Jerusalem and find a road to Tel Aviv. The Burma Road—named after a Second World War Burma supply route—was a makeshift route from Jerusalem to Tel-Aviv. Israeli soldiers, including Dunkelman, drove a convoy at night along a little-used route to reconnect the two cities. Later in the war, commanding the 7th Brigade, he captured Nazareth and northern Galilee. After Dunkelman had left the Israel Defense Forces in 1949 to seek work as a businessman, he kept in contact with the armed forces of Israel through such organizations as the Jewish War Veterans of Canada, the 7th Brigade Veterans Fund, American Veterans of Israel, the Association of Jewish War Veterans, and the Mahal Association.
Scope and Content
Series consists of reports, clippings, correspondence, photographs, and maps and documents recording Ben Dunkelman's involvement in the First Arab-Israeli War. The series branches into the following topics in this order: Machal; the 7th Brigade; Operation Hiram; Operation Dekel; the Burma Road; the Israel Defence Forces; a Profile of Ben Dunkelman; and Arab-Israeli War veterans.
Israel-Arab War, 1948-1949
Some records are fragile.
See fonds 2, series 6 for more information on the war. Dunkelman wrote an autobiography, Dual Allegiance, based on his experiences in the First Arab-Israeli War and the Second World War.
File contains correspondence and notes related to Dunkelman's research into the activities of the 7th Brigade during the Arab-Israeli War. The file also includes correspondence in connection with the translation of Dunkelman's autobiography from English into Hebrew.
File contains one business card along with correspondence chiefly between Dunkelman and lawyer Aron Hoter-Ishay. The correspondence deals with Dunkelman's research into the 7th Brigade for his memoirs.
File consists of an article published on 11 February 1949 in The Evening Telegram (Toronto). The author, Margaret Aitken, writes about Dunkelman and another Jew, Maurice Pearlman, who both decided to fight for Israel in the Arab-Israeli War.
File consists of 13 photographs depicting Dunkelman at a convention of the Association of Jewish War Veterans at which he was a speaker. The photographs also show Yael Dunkelman, Barney Danson, Phil Givens, and Min Givens.
Aubrey Cosens served as a sergeant in the Queen's Own Rifles of Canada during the Second World War and was under Dunkelman's command when the Queen's Own were fighting in Germany in 1945. He won the Victoria Cross for his bravery.
Scope and Content
File consists of correspondence, papers and a newspaper article from the Toronto Sun relating to the 1986 opening of a Latchford, Ontario, bridge in honour of Cosens. Also included is an album containing 31 photographs and textual records relating to the Latchford bridge opening. Dunkelman attended the ceremony and unveiled a commemorative cairn in memory of Cosens.
File consists of one letter and one telegram, both from Dunkelman to Barney Danson. The letter congratulates Danson on becoming the first Jewish Canadian cabinet minister and Defence Minister. The telegram invites Danson, on behalf of the Jewish War Veterans of Canada, to speak at a synagogue in Toronto just before a convention of the Jewish War Veterans of Canada.
File consists of one memorandum Dunkelman wrote about a meeting in Israel attended by himself, Yael Dunkelman and Baruch Erez. The memorandum is related to Dunkelman's research into his role in the Arab-Israeli War.
Baruch Erez (Freidman) was second in command of the 79th Battalion during the Arab-Israeli War.
File contains correspondence between Dunkelman and National Archives archivist Lawrence Tapper relating to Dunkelman's papers at the Archives. The file also contains a list of files from the National Archives Dunkelman collection.
File consists of news clippings related to Dunkelman's role in the Arab-Israeli War, and to his brother-in-law, Morton Wilner, who was married to Dunkelman's sister Zelda. The clippings come from such newspapers as The Globe and Mail, The Philadelphia Inquirer, and The Day-Jewish Journal.
File contains correspondence and clippings related to an article Dunkelman wrote criticizing the Leon Uris novel, Exodus. Some correspondence relates to Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion; other correspondence relates to Theodore Kollek.
File consists of correspondence between former Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion and Ben Dunkelman. In addition, the file contains a newspaper clipping reporting a trip by Ben-Gurion to Canada. Further correspondence in the file reveals that the Israeli government has decided to grant Dunkelman the rank of Colonel.
Benjamin Dunkelman (1913-1997) was a successful businessman and President of Tip Top Tailors. He had a distinguished military career in both the Canadian army during the Second World War and in the Haganah during the 1948-1949 Arab-Israeli War.
Dunkelman was born in Toronto to David Dunkelman (1883-1978) and Rose (nee Miller) (1889-1949). He had three sisters and two brothers: Joseph, a movie executive; Ernest, a manufacturer; Zelda; Veronica; and Theodora. His father, David, was a successful entrepreneur who established Tip Top Tailors in 1910. Both David and his wife Rose were fervent Zionist community activists.
Benjamin Dunkelman attended Upper Canada College and, at the age of 18, visited Palestine (now Israel). While in Palestine, he worked for a year on a kibbutz, mostly as a guard protecting it from nearby Palestinians. During the Second World War, Dunkelman served as a Major in the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada and in that role gained respect for his knowledge of mortars. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in 1945 for his role in the final Allied assault on Germany. Two years later, Benjamin Dunkelman returned to Palestine to join the Haganah in the 1948-1949 Arab-Israeli War. As a commander, Dunkelman captured Nazareth, and brought northern Galilee under Jewish control. Near the end of the war, Dunkelman met and married Yael Lifshitz, a corporal in the Israeli Army. Dunkelman was elected National Commander of the Jewish War Veterans of Canada in 1977.
In addition to his work as a soldier, Dunkelman was a successful businessman. He served as president of Tip Top Tailors after his father stepped down, and was also director of Colonial Finance Corporation, president of Cloverdale Shopping Centre and president of Renforth Developments. Besides operating the Dunkelman Gallery for modern art, Dunkelman and his wife Yael ran the Constellation Hotel and Dunkelman’s Restaurant.
Dunkelman later wrote of his experiences in both wars in his autobiography Dual allegiance (MacMillan, 1976). As well as the DSO, Dunkelman was awarded the Fighter’s Decoration of the State of Israel (1970), and an Israel Bonds Award Dinner in Tribute to Ben Dunkelman (1977). He was a guest of honour both at a reception hosted by the Canadian Society for the Weizmann Institute of Science and the veterans of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada (1976) and at a 7th Brigade Reunion in Israel (1991).
Scope and Content
Fonds consists of records documenting Benjamin Dunkelman's personal, business, and military activities. Included is personal and business correspondence and other records, maps, photographs, news clippings, and scrapbooks assembled by Dunkelman. The bulk of the records relate both to Dunkelman’s autobiography Dual allegiance and to his military career in the Second World War and in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948-1949. Other records relate to his business work with Tip Top Tailors, the Constellation Hotel, Dunkelman’s Restaurant and the Dunkelman Gallery, as well as to his Zionist actvities, his writing and public speeches, and his personal life.
The fonds is organized into the following series: Personal records and correspondence, Zionist materials, Businesses, Second World War, Arab-Israeli War, Dual allegiance, and Speeches.
Physical description note: Includes 218 photographs, 60 maps, 7 postcards, 5 architectural drawings, and 3 albums.
Associated material note: see the Ben Dunkelman fonds at Library and Archives Canada.
File consists of correspondence and a newsletter related to the Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC). The correspondence is a letter to Ben Dunkelman from Ben Kayfetz at the Canadian Jewish Congress, congratulating him on assuming full-time responsibility of the Joint Community Relations Committee at the CJC. The newsletter consists of announcements, along with a report providing information about an Anti-Nazi Committee.
File contains two photocopies of excerpts from B.H. Liddell Hart's book Strategy: An Indirect Approach. The copies include a map of Operation Hiram, along with an essay about the Arab-Israeli War by Yigael Yadin.
The file emphasizes the importance of the Dunkelman family to Ontario's Jewish community. Ben was a distinguished soldier, a successful businessman and a Zionist; David was founder of Tip Top Tailors and a Zionist leader; and Rose was a Zionist leader, publisher of the Jewish Standard and heavily involved in Hadassah and Youth Aliyah.
Scope and Content
File contains biographical information about Benjamin Dunkelman, including entries for himself and his parents Rose and David Dunkelman in the New Encyclopedia of Zionism and Israel, edited by Geoffrey Wigoder.
File contains two drafts of a speech Ben Dunkelman gave to B'Nai B'rith in Toronto. In addition, the file includes two copies of the B'Nai B'rith Digest announcing that Dunkelman will be speaking. The speeches relate to Dunkelman's experiences in the Arab-Israeli War.
File consists of a clipping from the B'nai Brith Digest containing an article by Ben Dunkelman called "A Report from our Israel Committee Chairman". The article relates to Dunkelman's work as a soldier in the Arab-Israeli War and to his opinions about Israeli security.
File consists of a letter from Ben Dunkelman to Frederick A. Praeger in connection with the book "Strategy" by B.H. Liddell Hart. Enclosed with the letter is a courier form and an envelope. Dunkelman used Liddell Hart's book Strategy when researching Dual Allegiance.
See fonds 2, series 6 for material related to Dunkelman's book, Dual Allegiance.
At the beginning of the First Arab-Israeli War in 1948, Arab forces controlled the roads between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, where Jewish forces were stationed. Dunkelman assisted in finding an alternative route between the two cities, which was called the Burma Road. Operation Maccabee on 1 May 1948 was a plan to use air strikes against Arab forces in order to assist Jewish convoys travelling along the Burma Road between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem.
Scope and Content
File consists of two copies of a map of a section of the Burma Road, a report on Operation Maccabee, and a 1986 historical article about the Burma Road.
See fonds 2, series 6 for more information on the Burma Road.