Benevolent societies, or landsmenshaften, were formed in the early part of the twentieth-centurey along shtetl lines by Eastern European Jewish immigrants to Toronto. The societies served to unite members of the community who originated from the same town or region, and also helped to secure passage to Toronto for those who were still in Europe. The societies also provided services to its dues-paying membership such as: aid in finding employment or accomodation, hospital and special medical care, doctor's visitation, sick benefit payments, funeral benefits and arrangements, and in many cases a burial plot. Some societies also provided a loans to its membership through a credit society. In later years, many benevlent societies also began to act as fraternal organizations that engaged in cultural and philanthropic programming.
The benevolent societies included in this sub-series were founded on the following dates: Chenstochover, 1914; Chmelnicker, ?; Drildzer, 1934; Hebrew Sick Benefit, 1910; Ivansker, 1931; Keltzer, 1913; Lagover, 1932; Lubliner, ?; Ostrovtzer Independent, 1925; Pride of Israel, 1905; Radomer, 1935; Stashiver, 1918; Warshaver Lodzer, 1929.
[Dates taken from: Rosenberg, Louis. "Jewish Mutual Benefit & Friendly Societies in Toronto: The First Fifty Ayears. 1896-1945"]
Scope and Content
Sub-series consists of images documenting several sick benefit and mutual benefit societies in Toronto, such as: the Chenstochover Hilfs Farein, the Chmelnicker Society, the Drildzer Young Society, the Hebrew Sick Benefit Society, the Ivansker Mutual Benefit Society, the Keltzer Sick Benefit Society, the Lagover Mutual Benefit Society, the Lubliner Society, the Ostrovtzer Independent Mutual Benefit Society, the Pride of Israel Sick Benefit Society, the Radomer Mutual Benefit Society, the Stashiver Young Men's Mutual Benefit Society, and the Warshaver Lodzer and Mutual Benefit Society. The images include members at banquets, dinners and meetings, members partaking in fundraising campaigns, and group photographs of the officers and ladies' auxiliaries.
The images have been arranged alphabetically by society and chronologically by event. They have been described at the file or item level.